A velvet painting is a type of painting distinguished by the use of velvet (usually black velvet) as the support, in place of canvas, paper, or similar materials. The velvet provides an especially dark background against which colors stand out brightly.
Velvet painting is an ancient technique, and took on a new popularity in the United States in the late 20th Century.
- Early history 1
- Modern history 2
- See also 3
- References 4
- External links 5
- Additional reading 6
Black velvet paintings originated in ancient Kashmir, the homeland of the fabric. These original paintings were generally religious and portrayed the icons of the Caucasus region which were painted by Russian Orthodox priests. Marco Polo and others introduced black velvet paintings to Western Europe, and some of these early works still hang in the Vatican Museums.
The paintings are widely sold in rural America, and frequently have kitsch themes. They often depict images of Elvis Presley (see Velvet Elvis), Dale Earnhardt, John Wayne, Jesus, Native Americans, dogs playing poker, wolves, and cowboys, and the colors are often bright and vivid to contrast the dark velvet. They can also include more exotic or avant-garde themes.
- Eric A. Eliason, Black Velvet Art Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2011. with photographs by Scott Squire. ISBN 978-1-60473-794-3
- Velveteria, The Museum of Velvet Paintings in Portland, Oregon
- Nina C. Ayoub (March 6, 2011) "Tacky or Terrific? The Art of Experience", Chronicle of Higher Education, 
- Quinones, Sam (2007). Antonio's Gun and Delfino's Dream: True Tales of Mexican Migration. University of New Mexico Press.
- Liflander, Pamela (2003-06-03). Black Velvet Artist. Running Press Miniature Editions.
- Turnquist, Kristi (January 4, 2010). "It's curtains for the Velveteria velvet painting museum".
In Portland, Oregon, a museum devoted solely to velvet paintings, the Velveteria, operated from late 2005 to January 2010. It reopened in December of 2013 in the Chinatown neighborhood of Los Angeles, Calif.
 has been called "the father of American black velvet kitsch".Edgar Leeteg One artist would paint one piece of the picture, then slide the velvet along to the next artist, who would add something else. Velvet paintings mass-produced by hand in this manner fueled the boom in velvet paintings in the 1970s in the United States.