Temporal range: Upper Paleocene-recent[1]
A live individual of Vertigo moulinsiana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
clade Orthurethra

Superfamily: Pupilloidea
Family: Vertiginidae
Fitzinger, 1833
93–95 species

Vertiginidae, common name the whorl snails, is a family of minute, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs or micromollusks in the superfamily Pupilloidea.[2]


The distribution of the Vertiginidae is in the Northern Hemisphere: North America (60 species), Eurasia (30 species), North and central Africa (3-5 species).[1] That gives a total of approximately 93-95 species.


Snails in this family inhabit habitats ranging from forests to semi-open and open habitats with various different kinds of substrate cover, vegetation and humidity.[1] They feed on microflora - bacteria and fungi - growing on dead and living plants.[1]


The following three subfamilies were recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):[2]

  • Subfamily Vertigininae Fitzinger, 1833
    • Tribe Vertiginini Fitzinger, 1833
    • Tribe Truncatellinini Steenberg, 1925 - synonyms: Truncatellininae; Columellinae Schileyko, 1998
  • Subfamily Gastrocoptinae Pilsbry, 1918 - synonyms: Hypselostomatinae Zilch, 1959; Aulacospirinae Zilch, 1959
  • Subfamily Nesopupinae Steenberg, 1925 - synonym: Cylindrovertillidae Iredale, 1940


Genera in the family Vertiginidae include:

Subfamily Vertigininae

Tribe Vertiginini

Tribe Truncatellinini

Subfamily Gastrocoptinae

Subfamily Nesopupinae

Subfamily ?


This article incorporates public domain text from the reference.[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Family summary for Vertiginidae. AnimalBase, last modified 03-09-2006, accessed 23 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j  
  3. ^ a b c "Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011.
  4. ^ Sterkia clementina. NatureServe Explorer, accessed 1 August 2010.

External links