2-Pentanol

2-Pentanol

2-Pentanol[1]
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
ChEBI  N
ChEMBL  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H12O
Molar mass 88.148 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.812 g/cm3
Melting point −73 °C (−99 °F; 200 K)
Boiling point 119.3 °C (246.7 °F; 392.5 K)
Solubility in water 45 g/L
Solubility soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform
Vapor pressure 0.804 kPa
Viscosity 3.470 mPa·s
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
2.716 J·g-1·K-1 (liquid)
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-365.2 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
-311.0 kJ·mol-1 (gas)
Hazards
Flash point 34 °C (93 °F; 307 K)
Explosive limits 1.2–9%
Related compounds
Related compounds Amyl alcohol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N   YesY/N?)

2-Pentanol (chemical compound. It is used as a solvent and an intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. 2-Pentanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially.

Reactions

2-Pentanol can be manufactured by hydration of pentene.[2]

References

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998),  
  2. ^ McKetta, John J.; Cunningham, William Aaron (1977), Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design 3, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 280–281,