CD86

CD86

CD86 molecule

PDB rendering based on 1i85.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols  ; B7-2; B7.2; B70; CD28LG2; LAB72
External IDs GeneCards:
RNA expression pattern
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

Cluster of Differentiation 86 (also known as CD86 and B7-2) is a protein expressed on antigen-presenting cells that provides costimulatory signals necessary for T cell activation and survival. It is the ligand for two different proteins on the T cell surface: CD28 (for autoregulation and intercellular association) and CTLA-4 (for attenuation of regulation and cellular disassociation). CD86 works in tandem with CD80 to prime T cells.

The CD86 gene encodes a type I membrane protein that is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily.[1] Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Additional transcript variants have been described, but their full-length sequences have not been determined.[2]

Clinical significance

See also

References

  1. ^ Chen C, Gault A, Shen L, Nabavi N (May 1994). "Molecular cloning and expression of early T cell costimulatory molecule-1 and its characterization as B7-2 molecule". J. Immunol. 152 (10): 4929–36.  
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: CD86 CD86 molecule". 

Further reading

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.