|Type||Culture and leisure|
|Construction started||November 7, 2006|
|Inaugurated||May 12, 2010|
|Cost||69.33 million Euros|
|Height||77 m (253 ft)|
|Floor area||10,660 m2 (114,700 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||Shigeru Ban Architects Europe|
|Main contractor||Metz Métropole|
|Renovating firm||Demathieu & Bard|
The Centre Pompidou-Metz is a museum of modern and Pompidou arts centre of Paris, and features semi-permanent and temporary exhibitions from the large collection of the French National Museum of Modern Art, the largest European collection of 20th and 21st century arts. The museum is the largest temporary exhibition space outside Paris in France with 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) divided between 3 galleries, a theatre, and an auditorium.
The first piece of the monument designed by Japanese architect Shigeru Ban was laid on November 7, 2006, and the building was inaugurated by French President Nicolas Sarkozy on May 12, 2010. The building is remarkable for its roof structure, one of the largest and most complex built to date, which was inspired by a Chinese hat found in Paris by Shigeru Ban.
Architecture and urban design
The Centre Pompidou-Metz is a large hexagon structured round a central spire reaching 77 m (253 ft), alluding to the 1977 opening date of the original Centre Pompidou of Paris. It possesses three rectangular galleries (Gallery 1, 2, and 3) weaving through the building at different levels, jutting out through the roof with huge picture windows angled towards landmarks such as the Saint-Stephen Gothic cathedral, the Imperial railway station, the Arsenal Concert Hall built by Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill, the Arènes indoor sport arena built by French architect Paul Chemetov, and the Seille park. The great nave covers 1,200 m2 (13,000 sq ft) and provides flexibility for the exhibition of large artworks, with the ceiling rising progressively from a height of 5.7 m (19 ft) to 18 m (59 ft).
The roof is the major achievement of the building: a 90 m (300 ft) wide hexagon echoing the building’s floor map. With a surface area of 8,000 m2 (86,000 sq ft), the roof structure is composed of sixteen kilometres of glued laminated timber, that intersect to form hexagonal wooden units resembling the cane-work pattern of a Chinese hat. The roof’s geometry is irregular, featuring curves and counter-curves over the entire building, and in particular the three exhibition galleries. Imitating this kind of hat and its protective fabric, the entire wooden structure is covered with a white fibreglass membrane and a coating of teflon, which has the distinction of being self-cleaning, protect from direct sunlight while providing a transparent at night. The roof structure can be seen from high up during both day and night in Metz from above, aerial movie of French photographer Yann Arthus-Bertrand.
The Centre Pompidou-Metz includes also a restaurant terrace, for which French designer Patrick Jouin and Kenyan architect Sanjit Manku produced interior spaces inspired by the image of a kaleidoscope. The museum-surrounding garden has being thought by French landscape architect Jean de Gastine using the concepts of sustainable gardening.
The museum is the cornerstone of the newly created Amphitheater District of Metz. The district of 50 ha (123.6 acres), thought by French architects Nicolas Michelin, Jean-Paul Viguier, and Christian de Portzamparc, and designer Philippe Starck, is currently under construction and includes the edification of a convention centre and a shopping mall. The quarter encompasses already the Seille park designed by French landscape architect Jacques Coulon and the Arènes indoor sport arena built in 2002. The urban project completion is expected to take place by 2016. Swiss designer Ruedi Baur created the Metz's signage systems.
The Centre Pompidou-Metz and its forecourt, named Human Rights square, are built on the site of the Roman amphitheatre of Divodurum Medriomaticum (ancestor of present-day Metz), near the Metz Imperial District and the Station Palace.
Exhibitions and performances
The Centre Pompidou-Metz also displays around 3 to 4 unique temporary exhibitions per year, which are not presented elsewhere. Most of the artworks exhibited are from the large collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, which encompasses the largest European collection of modern and contemporary arts and the second in the world. The museum works in close collaboration with the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Luxembourgian Museum of Modern Art, or the Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe in joint initiatives.
The Centre Pompidou-Metz promotes the local art scene in collaborating with the Regional Contemporary Art Fund of Lorraine. In addition of the temporary exhibitions, the Centre Pompidou-Metz museum features seasonal programming with contemporary live shows in its theater and organizes meetings and conferences in its auditorium with worldly recognized, as well as, local artists.
The Centre Pompidou-Metz edifice and surrounding Metz are sometimes used as support for the artistic production displayed during the temporary exhibitions. For example, the architectural structure of the Centre Pompidou-Metz was used as support for a visual art project by French visual artists Simon Geilfus, Yannick Jacquet, and Thomas Vaquié. Also, French aerial photographer Yann Arthus-Bertrand captured Metz from high up, giving a privileged views of the museum and the city for the exhibition Views from above.
Joan Miró, Blue I, Blue II, and Blue III, 1961, triptych in October 2010, during the exhibition Masterpieces?.
Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawings, 1968-2007, in May 2012 during the exhibition Sol LeWitt retrospective.
Pablo Picasso, Parade, 1917, curtain in May 2012, during the exhibition 1917.
Transport and access
The Centre Pompidou-Metz is located in the centre of Metz and is served by Mettis local public transport. Also, the museum is located near the Imperial railway station of Metz, which is connected to the French high speed train network via the LVG East line, which provides a direct rail service to Paris and the city of Luxembourg. The time from Paris East station and France international Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport to Metz railway station is about 82 and 75 minutes, respectively. Finally, Metz is located at the intersection of two major road axes: the Paris to Strasbourg A4 motorway and the A31 north-south motorway.
Based entirely on loans from the collection at French National Museum of Modern Art, the Beacons exhibition is semi-permanent exhibition that highlights since 2014 a selection of 18 masterpieces rarely shown to the public due to their monumental size. The exhibition's staging provides an overview of the primary movements in art since the start of the 20th century, from Pablo Picasso to Anish Kapoor including Sam Francis, Joseph Beuys, Dan Flavin, and Joan Miró. Art works exhibited include:
- Figures and Birds in the Night, Joan Miró
- Survivors, Yan Pei-Ming
- Homogenous Infiltration for Piano, Joseph Beuys
- Reflexions of a Waterfall I, Louise Nevelson
- Tabula, Simon Hantaï
- Entrance to the Railway Pavilion, Robert Delaunay
- Stage curtain for the ballet Mercure, Pablo Picasso
- Composition with Two Parrots, Fernand Léger
- Orangey, Light Blue Forms, Claude Viallat
- Palombe, Frank Stella
- Painting 202 x 453 cm, 29 June 1979, Pierre Soulages
- Aware II, 28.3.1961, Jean Degottex
- Lost World, Pierre Alechinsky
- In Lovely Blueness, Sam Francis
- For a Little While, Joan Mitchell
- Untitled, Anish Kapoor
- Untitled (to Donna) 5a, Dan Flavin
- Untitled, Robert Irwin
The inaugural exhibition called Masterpieces? was devoted to masterpieces (about 800), of which over 700 were lent by the Centre Georges Pompidou of Paris. The exhibition considered the relevance of the idea of masterpiece and ran until January 17, 2011. The exhibition has attracted over 800,000 visitors during the following year of its inauguration and included:
- Woman with a Guitar, Georges Braque
- King's Sadness, Henri Matisse
- The Aubade, Lying Nude near Musician, Pablo Picasso
- Guernica, Pablo Picasso
- Ingres's Violin, photographie, Man Ray
- Black cross, Kasimir Malevitch
- Blue I, Blue II, Blue III triptych, Joan Miró
- Reliefs for the Stairs of the Railway Palace, Robert Delaunay
- Capricorn, Max Ernst
- The Background, Jackson Pollock
- Standing Woman, Alberto Giacometti
- Sleeping Muse, Constantin Brâncuși
- The Tropical House, Jean Prouvé
The four parts of the exhibition were:
- Great nave: Masterpieces throughout history
- Gallery 1: Stories behind masterpieces
- Gallery 2: Masterpiece dreams
- Gallery 3: Masterpieces ad infinitum
- "Centre Pompidou-Metz webcam" (VIDEO). Retrieved July 2012.
- "Archive of the official website of French Presidency, Centre Pompidou-Metz inauguration." (PDF) (in Français). Retrieved January 2012.
- "Shigeru Ban Official website, Centre Pompidou-Metz webpage." (HTML). Retrieved July 2012.
- "Official website of France tourism survey, 2011 Museum frequentation" (in Français). Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- "Official website of Moselle tourism office, 2011 key numbers. p 12." (PDF) (in Français). Retrieved January 2012.
- , by Yann Arthus-Bertrand"Metz and the Messin pays from above" (VIDEO). Retrieved 6 June 2009.
- "Paleodictyon, making of; by AntiVJ visual label." (VIDEO). Retrieved 19 May 2009.
- "Beacons, official webpage of the exhibition." (HTLM). Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "Beacons, official webpage of the exhibition." (HTLM). Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Centre Pompidou - Metz website
- Architect Shiregu Ban's website
- Metz municipal council website
- Metz-Metropole website
- Website of tourism office of Metz
- Website of tourism office of Lorraine