|Stylistic origins||Post-disco, new wave, synthpop, house, electro, pop, dance, electropop, hi-NRG, disco|
|Cultural origins||Early to Mid 1980s; United States|
|Typical instruments||Drum machine, keyboards, synthesizer, electric guitar, bass guitar, drums, electronic drums, vocals|
|Derivative forms||Teen pop, diva house, K-pop, J-pop, vocal trance|
Dance-pop is dance-oriented pop music genre that originated in the early 1980s. Developing from disco and post-disco, new wave, synthpop, electropop and house, it is generally up-tempo music intended for nightclubs with the intention of being danceable but also suitable for contemporary hit radio. Dance-pop is generally characterised by strong beats with easy, uncomplicated song structures which are generally more similar to pop music than the more free-form dance genre, with an emphasis on melody as well as catchy tunes. The genre, on the whole, tends to be producer-driven, despite some notable exceptions.
Dance-pop is a popular style and there are several artists and groups who perform in the genre. Notable ones include Kylie Minogue, Jennifer Lopez, Paula Abdul, Backstreet Boys, Destiny's Child, Spice Girls, NSYNC, Christina Aguilera, Hardwell, Leah Luv, Little Mix, Clean Bandit, and Nicki Minaj.
- History 1
- Characteristics 2
- See also 3
- References 4
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As the term "disco" started to go out of fashion by the late 1970s to early 1980s, other terms were commonly used to describe disco-based music, such as "post-disco", "club", "dance" or "dance-pop" music. These genres were, in essence, a more modern variant of disco music known as post-disco, which tended to be more experimental, electronic and producer/DJ-driven, often using sequencers and synthesizers. Dance-pop music emerged in the 1980s as a form of dance, or post-disco, which was up-tempo, club-natured, producer-driven and catchy. Dance-pop was more up-tempo and dancey than regular pop, yet more structured and less free-form than dance music, usually combining pop's easy structure and catchy tunes with dance's strong beat and up-tempo nature. Dance-pop music was usually created, composed and produced by record producers who would then hire singers to perform the songs. In the 1980s, dance-pop was closely aligned to other up-tempo electronic genres, such as Hi-NRG. Prominent producers in the 1980s included Stock, Aitken and Waterman, who created Hi-NRG/dance-pop for artists such as Kylie Minogue, Dead or Alive and Bananarama.
By the 1990s, dance-pop had become a major genre in popular music. Dance-pop borrowed influences from other genres, which varied by producer, artist and period. Such include contemporary R&B, house, techno and synthpop. Being mostly a mainstream pop-influenced genre, dance-pop's sound was often influenced by the period. Several dance-pop groups and artists emerged during the 1990s, such as the Spice Girls, Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera. By the late 1990s, electronic influences became evident in dance-pop music; Madonna's critically acclaimed and commercially successful album Ray of Light (1998) incorporated techno, trance and other forms of electronic dance music, bringing electronica into mainstream dance-pop. Additionally, also in 1998, Cher released a dance-pop song called "Believe" which made usage of a technological innovation of the time, Auto-Tune. Celine Dion also released a dance-pop song "That's the Way It Is" by the end of 1999. It has a moderately slow tempo but an up-beat song. An audio processor and a form of pitch modification software, it became commonly used as a way to correct pitch, as well as to create a special effect. Ever since the 1990s, Auto-Tune became a common feature of dance-pop music.
At the beginning of the 2000s, dance-pop music was still prominent, and highly electronic in style, influenced by genres such as trance, house, techno and Bee Gees and Donna Summer. Britney Spears' album Blackout (2007) contained influences of Euro disco.
The mid-to-late 2000s saw the arrival of several new dance-pop artists, including Rihanna, Kesha, Lady Gaga and Katy Perry. This period in time also saw dance-pop's return to its more electronic roots aside from its disco ones, with strong influences of synthpop and electropop; Rihanna's singles in the dance-pop genre, including "Don't Stop the Music" and "Disturbia", contained electronic influences, the former of which has elements of house music, the latter electropop; Lady Gaga's singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face" were also heavily influenced by synthpop and electropop; Kesha's debut single, "Tik Tok", was also highly electronic in style and employed a video game beat. Katy Perry's "Hot N Cold" (2008), "California Gurls" (2010), and "Firework" (2010), which were major commercial hits, also showcased influences of electropop and house music.
The 2010s so far have, similarly to the late 2000s, seen strong electronic influences present within dance-pop. Dance-pop artists such as Lady Gaga, Katy Perry, Madonna, Kesha, Christina Aguilera, Usher, and Rihanna remain very popular, and several new recording artists within the genre have or are starting to emerge. Country-pop artist Taylor Swift's albums Red (2012) and 1989 (2014) both contain more of a pop-influenced sound which features production by dance-pop producers Max Martin and Shellback.
In Japan, Momoiro Clover Z is known for energetic dance performances. They are heavily choreographed and feature acrobatic stunts. They also incorporate elements of ballet, gymnastics, and action movies. Although the girls' voices are not very stable when coupled with an intense dance, they never lipsynch. During 2014, about 486,000 people attended Momoiro Clover Z's live concerts, which was the highest record of all female musicians in Japan. Momoiro Clover Z has been ranked as the most popular female idol group from 2013 to 2015.
Dance-pop generally contains several notable characteristics, which are listed here:
- Uptempo, upbeat music intended for clubs, with a danceable or dance-centered nature.
- Catchy songs with an easy, pop-based structure
- A strong emphasis on beats and grooves
- Prominent hooks
- Simple lyrics
- Polished productions
- "Dance-Pop - Significant Albums, Artists and Songs - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Interview With David Guetta: Where Pop Music Meets Dance Music". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Glenn Appell, David Hemphill (2006). American popular music: a multicultural history. Belmont, CA:
- "Interview With David Guetta: Where Pop Music Meets Dance Music".
- "'"100 Best Songs of the 2000s: Madonna, 'Music. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
- Lamb, Bill. "Rihanna - Don't Stop the Music". Top 40 / Pop. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
- "Live report: Summer Sonic 2012". Time Out Tokyo. 2012-08-23. Retrieved 2013-04-25.
- "Momoiro Clover Z dazzles audiences with shiny messages of hope".
- 進化するアイドル ももクロが凄いワケ [The reason why Momoiro Clover Z, an evolutionary idol group, is great]. Hotexpress (in Japanese). 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- "AKB48よりももクロが上 コンサート動員力2014".
- "ももクロ、初のAKB超え タレントパワーランキング".
- タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei Entertainment (in Japanese) (Nikkei BP) (June, 2013): pp. 48–49. 2013-05-04.
- タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei Entertainment (in Japanese) (Nikkei BP) (June, 2014). 2014-05-02.
- タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei Entertainment (in Japanese) (Nikkei BP) (June, 2015). 2015-05-02.