Histamine receptors

The histamine receptors are a class of G protein-coupled receptors with histamine as their endogenous ligand.[1]

There are four known histamine receptors:

Comparison

Histamine receptors
Receptor Mechanism Function Antagonists
H1 Gq
H2 Gs
Ca2+
H3 Gi
H4 Gi

There are several splice variants of H3 present in various species. Though all of the receptors are 7-transmembrane g protein coupled receptors, H1 and H2 are quite different from H3 and H4 in their activities. H1 causes an increase in PIP2 hydrolysis, H2 stimulates gastric acid secretion, and H3 mediates feedback inhibition of histamine.

References

External links

  • Holger Stark: Histamine Receptors, BIOTREND Reviews No. 01, November 2007
  • The Histamine Receptor
  • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)