LPAR6

LPAR6

Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6
Identifiers
LPAR6 Gene
RNA expression pattern

Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6 also known as LPA6 and P2RY5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LPAR6 gene.[1][2][3][4] LPA6 is a G protein-coupled receptor that binds the lipid signaling molecule lysophosphatidic acid (LPA).[5][6]

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of G-protein coupled receptors, that are preferentially activated by adenosine and uridine nucleotides. This gene aligns with an internal intron of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene in the reverse orientation.[4]

Role in hair growth/loss

In February 2008 researchers at the University of Bonn announced they have found the genetic basis of two distinct forms of inherited hair loss, opening a broad path to treatments for baldness. They found that the gene P2RY5 causes a rare, inherited form of hair loss called Hypotrichosis simplex. It is the first receptor in humans known to play a role in hair growth. The fact that any receptor plays a specific role in hair growth was previously unknown to scientists and with this new knowledge a focus on finding more of these genes may be able to lead to therapies for many different types of hair loss.[5]

See also

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Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.