2-Methyl-1-butanol

2-Methyl-1-butanol

2-Methyl-1-butanol[1][2]
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
ChEBI  YesY
ChEMBL  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H12O
Molar mass 88.148 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.8152 g/cm3
Melting point −117.2 °C (−179.0 °F; 156.0 K)
Boiling point 127.5 °C (261.5 °F; 400.7 K)
Solubility in water 31 g/L
Solubility miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether; very soluble in acetone
Vapor pressure 3 mm Hg
Viscosity 4.453 mPa·s
Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-356.6 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
-301.4 kJ·mol-1 (gas)
Hazards
Related compounds
Related compounds Amyl alcohol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

2-Methyl-1-butanol (chemical compound.

It is one of the components of the aroma of Tuber melanosporum, the black truffle.

Uses

It is used as a solvent and an intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. 2-Methyl-1-butanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially.

Reactions

2-Methyl-1-butanol can be derived from fusel oil (because it occurs naturally in fruits such as grapes[3]) or manufactured by either the oxo process or via the halogenation of pentane.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–374, 5–42, 6–188, 8–102, 16–22,  
  2. ^ a b McKetta, John J.; Cunningham, William Aaron (1977), Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design 3, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 279–280,  
  3. ^ Howard, Philip H. (1993), Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals 4, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 392–396,