200 meters

200 meters

Template:Infobox athletics event The 200 metres (also spelled 200 meters) is a sprint running event. On an outdoor 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes rely on different energy systems during the longer sprint.

In the United States and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds,[1] but other conversion methods exist.

The race attracts runners from other events wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved nine times at the Olympic Games, most recently by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in Beijing 2008 and again in London 2012. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United States and Marie-José Pérec of France both in 1996. Bolt is the only man to repeat as Olympic champion, Bärbel Wöckel (née Eckert) and Veronica Campbell-Brown are the two women who have repeated as Olympic champion.

The men's world record holder is Usain Bolt, who ran 19.19 s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States, who ran 21.34 s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Usain Bolt (Jamaica) and Allyson Felix (USA).

Races run with an aiding wind measured over 2.0 meters per second are not acceptable for record purposes.

All-time fastest 200 m athletes

  • Only the fastest time for each athlete is listed.
  • A = Altitude

Men

As of August 2012.[2]

All-time top 25 (outdoors)

As of June 2013

Rank Res. Wind Athlete Nation Date Location
1. 19.19 −0.3 Usain Bolt Jamaica 20 August 2009 Berlin
2. 19.26 +0.7 Yohan Blake Jamaica 16 September 2011 Brussels
3. 19.32 +0.4 Michael Johnson United States 1 August 1996 Atlanta
4. 19.53 +0.7 Walter Dix United States 16 September 2011 Brussels
5. 19.58 +1.3 Tyson Gay United States 30 May 2009 New York City
6. 19.63 +0.4 Xavier Carter United States 11 July 2006 Lausanne
7. 19.65 0.0 Wallace Spearmon United States 28 September 2006 Daegu
8. 19.68 +0.4 Frankie Fredericks Namibia 1 August 1996 Atlanta
9. 19.72A +1.8 Pietro Mennea Italy 12 September 1979 Mexico City
10. 19.73 −0.2 Michael Marsh United States 5 August 1992 Barcelona
11. 19.75 +1.5 Carl Lewis United States 19 June 1983 Indianapolis
+1.7 Joe DeLoach United States 28 September 1988 Seoul
13. 19.77 +0.7 Ato Boldon Trinidad and Tobago 13 July 1997 Stuttgart
14. 19.79 +1.2 Shawn Crawford United States 26 August 2004 Athens
+ 0.9 Warren Weir Jamaica 23 June 2013 Kingston
16. 19.80 +0.8 Christophe Lemaitre France 3 September 2011 Daegu
17. 19.81 −0.3 Alonso Edward Panama 20 August 2009 Berlin
18. 19.83A +0.9 Tommie Smith United States 16 October 1968 Mexico City
19. 19.84 +1.7 Francis Obikwelu Nigeria 25 August 1999 Seville
20. 19.85 −0.3 John Capel United States 23 July 2000 Sacramento
−0.5 Konstadinos Kederis Greece 9 August 2002 Munich
+1.4 Churandy Martina Netherlands 23 August 2012 Lausanne
0.0 Nickel Ashmeade Jamaica 30 August 2012 Zurich
24. 19.86 +1.0 Donald Quarrie Jamaica 3 August 1971 Cali
+1.6 Maurice Greene United States 7 July 1997 Stockholm
+1.5 Justin Gatlin United States 12 May 2002 Starkville
+1.5 Jason Young Jamaica 17 July 2012 Luzern
+1.6 Isiah Young United States 23 June 2013 Des Moines

All-time top 10 (indoors)

Rank Result Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1. 19.92 Frankie Fredericks Namibia 18 February 1996 Lievin [3]
2. 20.10 Wallace Spearmon United States 11 March 2005 Fayetteville
3. 20.25 Linford Christie United Kingdom 19 February 1995 Lievin
4. 20.26 Obadele Thompson Barbados 6 March 1999 Maebashi
Shawn Crawford United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
John Capel United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
7. 20.27 Walter Dix United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
8. 20.30 Xavier Carter United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
9. 20.31 Coby Miller United States 3 March 2001 Atlanta
10. 20.32 Rohsaan Griffin United States 27 February 1999 Atlanta
Kevin Little United States 5 March 1999 Maebashi

Women

All-time top 25 (outdoors)

As of January 2013

Rank Result Wind Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1. 21.34 +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner United States 29 September 1988 Seoul
2. 21.62A −0.6 Marion Jones United States 11 September 1998 Johannesburg
3. 21.64 +0.8 Merlene Ottey Jamaica 13 September 1991 Brussels
4. 21.69 +1.0 Allyson Felix United States 30 June 2012 Eugene [4]
5. 21.71 +0.7 Marita Koch East Germany 10 June 1979 Karl-Marx-Stadt
+1.2 Heike Drechsler East Germany 29 June 1986 Jena
7. 21.72 +1.3 Grace Jackson Jamaica 29 September 1988 Seoul
−0.1 Gwen Torrence United States 15 August 1992 Barcelona
9. 21.74 +0.4 Marlies Göhr East Germany 3 June 1984 Erfurt
+1.2 Silke Gladisch-Möller East Germany 3 September 1987 Rome
+0.6 Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica 21 August 2008 Beijing
12. 21.75 −0.1 Juliet Cuthbert Jamaica 5 August 1992 Barcelona
13. 21.77 +0.6 Inger Miller United States 27 August 1999 Seville
14. 21.81 −0.1 Valerie Brisco-Hooks United States 9 August 1984 Los Angeles
15. 21.83 −0.2 Evelyn Ashford United States 24 August 1979 Montreal
16. 21.85 +0.3 Barbel Wockel East Germany 21 July 1984 Potsdam
17. 21.87 0.0 Irina Privalova Russia 25 July 1995 Monaco
18. 21.93 +1.3 Pam Marshall United States 23 July 1988 Indianapolis
19. 21.95 +0.3 Katrin Krabbe East Germany 30 August 1990 Split
20. 21.97 +1.9 Jarmila Kratochvilova Czechoslovakia 6 June 1981 Bratislava
21. 21.99 +0.9 Chandra Cheeseborough United States 19 June 1983 Indianapolis
+1.1 Marie-Jose Perec France 2 July 1993 Villeneuve d'Ascq
+1.1 Kerron Stewart Jamaica 29 July 2008 Kingston
24. 22.00 +1.3 Sherone Simpson Jamaica 25 June 2006 Kingston
25. 22.01 −0.5 Anelia Nuneva Bulgaria 16 August 1987 Sofia
0.0 Li Xuemei China 22 October 1997 Shanghai
+0.6 Muna Lee United States 21 August 2008 Beijing
  • Note: Marita Koch also ran 21.71 in Potsdam in June 1984.
  • Note: Heike Dreschler also ran 21.71 at the European Championships in Stuttgart in August 1986.

All-time top 10 (indoors)

Rank Result Athlete Nation Date Location
1. 21.87 Merlene Ottey Jamaica 13 February 1993 Lievin
2. 22.10 Irina Privalova Russia 19 February 1995 Toronto
3. 22.27 Heike Drechsler East Germany 7 March 1987 Indianapolis
4. 22.33 Gwen Torrence United States 3 February 1996 Atlanta
5. 22.38 Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica 18 February 2005 Birmingham
6. 22.39 Marita Koch East Germany 5 March 1983 Budapest
Ionela Tirlea Romania 6 March 1999 Maebashi
8. 22.40 Bianca Knight United States 14 March 2008 Fayetteville
9. 22.41 Galina Malchugina Russia 13 March 1994 Paris
10. 22.43 Svetlana Goncharenko Russia 22 February 1998 Lievin

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris  Walter Tewksbury (USA)  Norman Pritchard (IND)  Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis  Archie Hahn (USA)  Nate Cartmell (USA)  William Hogenson (USA)
1908 London  Robert Kerr (CAN)  Robert Cloughen (USA)  Nate Cartmell (USA)
1912 Stockholm  Ralph Craig (USA)  Donald Lippincott (USA)  Willie Applegarth (GBR)
1920 Antwerp  Allen Woodring (USA)  Charlie Paddock (USA)  Harry Edward (GBR)
1924 Paris  Jackson Scholz (USA)  Charlie Paddock (USA)  Eric Liddell (GBR)
1928 Amsterdam  Percy Williams (CAN)  Walter Rangeley (GBR)  Helmut Körnig (GER)
1932 Los Angeles  Eddie Tolan (USA)  George Simpson (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)
1936 Berlin  Jesse Owens (USA)  Mack Robinson (USA)  Tinus Osendarp (NED)
1948 London  Mel Patton (USA)  Barney Ewell (USA)  Lloyd LaBeach (PAN)
1952 Helsinki  Andy Stanfield (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)  James Gathers (USA)
1956 Melbourne  Bobby Morrow (USA)  Andy Stanfield (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)
1960 Rome  Livio Berruti (ITA)  Lester Carney (USA)  Abdoulaye Seye (FRA)
1964 Tokyo  Henry Carr (USA)  Paul Drayton (USA)  Edwin Roberts (TRI)
1968 Mexico City  Tommie Smith (USA)  Peter Norman (AUS)  John Carlos (USA)
1972 Munich  Valeriy Borzov (URS)  Larry Black (USA)  Pietro Mennea (ITA)
1976 Montreal  Don Quarrie (JAM)  Millard Hampton (USA)  Dwayne Evans (USA)
1980 Moscow  Pietro Mennea (ITA)  Allan Wells (GBR)  Don Quarrie (JAM)
1984 Los Angeles  Carl Lewis (USA)  Kirk Baptiste (USA)  Thomas Jefferson (USA)
1988 Seoul  Joe DeLoach (USA)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Robson da Silva (BRA)
1992 Barcelona  Michael Marsh (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Michael Bates (USA)
1996 Atlanta  Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2000 Sydney  Konstantinos Kenteris (GRE)  Darren Campbell (GBR)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2004 Athens  Shawn Crawford (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Justin Gatlin (USA)
2008 Beijing  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Shawn Crawford (USA)  Walter Dix (USA)
2012 London  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Warren Weir (JAM)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London  Fanny Blankers-Koen (NED)  Audrey Williamson (GBR)  Audrey Patterson (USA)
1952 Helsinki  Marjorie Jackson (AUS)  Bertha Brouwer (NED)  Nadezhda Khnykina (URS)
1956 Melbourne  Betty Cuthbert (AUS)  Christa Stubnick (GER)  Marlene Mathews (AUS)
1960 Rome  Wilma Rudolph (USA)  Jutta Heine (GER)  Dorothy Hyman (GBR)
1964 Tokyo  Edith McGuire (USA)  Irena Kirszenstein (POL)  Marilyn Black (AUS)
1968 Mexico City  Irena Szewińska (POL)  Raelene Boyle (AUS)  Jenny Lamy (AUS)
1972 Munich  Renate Stecher (GDR)  Raelene Boyle (AUS)  Irena Szewińska (POL)
1976 Montreal  Bärbel Eckert (GDR)  Annegret Richter (FRG)  Renate Stecher (GDR)
1980 Moscow  Bärbel Wöckel (GDR)  Natalya Bochina (URS)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1984 Los Angeles  Valerie Brisco-Hooks (USA)  Florence Griffith (USA)  Merlene Ottey-Page (JAM)
1988 Seoul  Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA)  Grace Jackson (JAM)  Heike Drechsler (GDR)
1992 Barcelona  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Juliet Cuthbert (JAM)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1996 Atlanta  Marie-José Pérec (FRA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Mary Onyali (NGR)
2000 Sydney  Pauline Davis-Thompson (BAH)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)  Beverly McDonald (JAM)
2004 Athens  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Allyson Felix (USA)  Debbie Ferguson (BAH)
2008 Beijing  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Allyson Felix (USA)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)
2012 London  Allyson Felix (USA)  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)

World Championship medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Calvin Smith (USA)  Elliott Quow (USA)  Pietro Mennea (ITA)
1987 Rome  Calvin Smith (USA)  Gilles Quénéhervé (FRA)  John Regis (GBR)
1991 Tokyo  Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Atlee Mahorn (CAN)
1993 Stuttgart  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  John Regis (GBR)  Carl Lewis (USA)
1995 Gothenburg  Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Jeff Williams (USA)
1997 Athens  Ato Boldon (TRI)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Claudinei da Silva (BRA)
1999 Seville  Maurice Greene (USA)  Claudinei da Silva (BRA)  Francis Obikwelu (NGR)
2001 Edmonton  Konstantinos Kenteris (GRE)  Christopher Williams (JAM)  Shawn Crawford (USA)
2003 Paris  John Capel (USA)  Darvis Patton (USA)  Shingo Suetsugu (JPN)
2005 Helsinki  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)  John Capel (USA)
2007 Osaka  Tyson Gay (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2009 Berlin  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Alonso Edward (PAN)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2011 Daegu  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Christophe Lemaitre (FRA)
2013 Moscow  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Warren Weir (JAM)  Curtis Mitchell (USA)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Marita Koch (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Kathy Smallwood-Cook (GBR)
1987 Rome  Silke Gladisch (GDR)  Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo  Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)  Galina Malchugina (RUS)
1997 Athens  Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1999 Seville  Inger Miller (USA)  Beverly McDonald (JAM)  Merlene Frazer (JAM)
 Andrea Philipp (GER)
2001 Edmonton  Debbie Ferguson (BAH)  LaTasha Jenkins (USA)  Cydonie Mothersille (CAY)
2003 Paris  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya (RUS)  Torri Edwards (USA)  Muriel Hurtis (FRA)
2005 Helsinki  Allyson Felix (USA)  Rachelle Boone-Smith (USA)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka  Allyson Felix (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)
2009 Berlin  Allyson Felix (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Debbie Ferguson (BAH)
2011 Daegu  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Allyson Felix (USA)
2013 Moscow  Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Blessing Okagbare (NGR)

References

External links

  • All time 200m men records