20th meridian east

20th meridian east

Line across the Earth
20th meridian east

The meridian 20° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic and Indian oceans, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 20th meridian east forms a great circle with the 160th meridian west.

Part of Namibia's borders with Botswana and South Africa are defined by the meridian. The boundary between the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean is defined by the meridian. The meridian defines the eastern limit of the New Swabia area in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica.

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 20th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
Arctic Ocean
 Norway Islands of Nordaustlandet and Spitsbergen, Svalbard
Barents Sea
Atlantic Ocean Norwegian Sea
 Norway Island of Vanna, and the mainland
 Sweden For about 2 km
 Norway For about 18 km
Baltic Sea Gulf of Bothnia
 Åland Islands Island of Fasta Åland
Baltic Sea
 Russia Kaliningrad Oblast (exclave)
 Slovakia Passes through the mountain of Kriváň
Mediterranean Sea Ionian Sea
 Greece Island of Corfu
Mediterranean Sea Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean proper
Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Sidra
 Central African Republic
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Namibia /  Botswana border
 Namibia /  South Africa (Northern Cape) border
 South Africa Northern Cape
Western Cape
Atlantic Ocean / Indian Ocean boundary
Southern Ocean
Antarctica Queen Maud Land, claimed by  Norway

See also