4-Chlorophenylisobutylamine

4-Chlorophenylisobutylamine

4-Chlorophenylisobutylamine
Systematic (IUPAC) name
1-(4-chlorophenyl)butan-2-amine
Clinical data
Legal status
Routes Oral
Identifiers
CAS number  N
ATC code None
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
Chemical data
Formula C10H14ClN 
Mol. mass 183.68 g/mol
 N   

4-Chlorophenylisobutylamine (4-CAB, AEPCA), also known as 4-chloro-α-ethylphenethylamine, is an entactogen and stimulant drug of the phenethylamine class.[1] It is an analogue of para-chloroamphetamine (PCA) where the alpha position methyl has been replaced with an ethyl group.[1]

In comparison to PCA, 4-CAB is approximately 2- and 5-fold less potent at inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin (IC50 = 330 nM) and dopamine (IC50 = 2,343 nM), respectively, and is about 3-fold less potent in substituting for MDMA in animals in drug discrimination assays.[1] Though its dopaminergic activity is significantly attenuated compared to PCA, unlike the case of MBDB, it is not abolished, and is actually similar to that of MDMA.[1]

Relative to PCA, 4-CAB is also substantially less effective as a serotonergic neurotoxin.[1] A single 10 mg/kg administration of PCA to rats produces an approximate 80% decrease in serotonin markers as observed 1 week later.[1] In contrast, 11 mg/kg and 22 mg/kg doses of 4-CAB result in only 20% and 50% decreases, respectively.[1] This is once again similar to MDMA which causes a 40-60% reduction with a single 20 mg/kg dose.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Johnson MP, Huang XM, Oberlender R, Nash JF, Nichols DE (November 1990). "Behavioral, biochemical and neurotoxicological actions of the alpha-ethyl homologue of p-chloroamphetamine". European Journal of Pharmacology 191 (1): 1–10.  
  2. ^ Aguirre N, Barrionuevo M, Ramírez MJ, Del Río J, Lasheras B (November 1999). "Alpha-lipoic acid prevents 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA)-induced neurotoxicity". Neuroreport 10 (17): 3675–80.