AM-694

AM-694

AM-694
Systematic (IUPAC) name
1-[(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]-(2-iodophenyl)methanone
Clinical data
Legal status
  • Legal
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
ATC code ?
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
Chemical data
Formula C20H19FINO 
Mol. mass 435.273 g/mol
 YesY   

AM-694 (1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole) is a drug that acts as a potent and selective agonist for the cannabinoid receptor CB1. It is used in scientific research for mapping the distribution of CB1 receptors. No public data about AM-694 metabolism is known. AM-694 has already emerged as a designer drug.

Contents

  • Pharmacology 1
    • Pharmacokinetics 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3

Pharmacology

AM-694 is an agonist for cannabinoid receptors. Affinities are: with a Ki of 0.08nM at CB1 and 18x selectivity over CB2 with a Ki 1.44nM.[1] It is unclear what is responsible for this unusually high CB1 binding affinity, but it makes the 18F radiolabelled derivative of AM-694 useful for mapping the distribution of CB1 receptors in the body.[2]

Pharmacokinetics

AM-694 metabolism differs only slightly from that of JWH-018. AM-694 N-dealkylation produces fluoropentane instead of pentane (or plain alkanes in general). It has been speculated that the fluoropentane might function as an alkylating agent or is further metabolized into toxic fluoroacetic acid. This is not true since fluoroalkanes do not act as alkylating agents under normal conditions and uneven fluoroalkane chains metabolize into substantially less toxic fluoropropanoic acid.[3][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ WO patent 200128557, Makriyannis A, Deng H, "Cannabimimetic indole derivatives", granted 2001-06-07 
  2. ^ Willis PG, Katoch-Rouse R, Horti AG. Regioselective F-18 radiolabeling of AM694, a CB1 cannabinoid receptor ligand. Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals 2003;46(9):799-804. doi:10.1002/jlcr.720
  3. ^ . 1956 Nov;34(11):1532-1541.Canadian Journal of ChemistryMillington JE, Pattison FLM. TOXIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS: XII. ESTERS OF ω-FLUOROALCOHOLS.
  4. ^ . 1957 Feb;35(2):141-148.Canadian Journal of ChemistryPattison FLM, Howell WC, Woolford RG. TOXIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS: XIII. ω-FLUOROALKYL ETHERS.