Al-Kaŝkarī (Arabic: الكسكري‎; fl. 930 CE) was a hospital physician from Baghdad.[1]

In diagnosing mental disorder, Al-Kaskari used criteria such the temperament of the patient as indicators to ascertain the nature of the mental disorder: sluggishness and forgetfulness point to a cold temperament, which requires a different treatment from a warm one, which is revealed through insomnia.[2]


  1. ^ Pormann, Peter E.; Savage-Smith, Emilie (2007). Medieval Islamic Medicine.  
  2. ^ Meri, Josef W.; Bacharach, Jere L. (2006). Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia.  

Further reading

  • Pormann, Peter E (2003). "Theory and Practice in the Early Hospitals in Baghdad — Al-Kaškarī On Rabies and Melancholy". Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 15: 197–248.