An all-star game is an nationality. Selection of the players may be done by a vote of the coaches and/or news media; in professional leagues, fans may vote on some or all of the roster. An all-star game usually occurs at the midpoint of the regular season. An exception is American football's Pro Bowl, which occurs at the end of the season.
All-star games are organized like regular games, but are often played with less emphasis on victory. Competing goals are to give many players time in the game and to avoid injury. In hockey, for example, there is no serious checking, while in football no blitzing is allowed. In basketball, there is virtually no defense played until the final quarter. However, the Australian State of Origin series does involve physicality that often leads to on-field scuffles.
The term "all-star" is mainly used in North America. All-star games are rare in international sports (such as association football) where games between national teams are more popular than all-star games would be. In the United Kingdom, all-star teams are usually denoted with the Roman numeral corresponding to the number of players allowed on the field - for example, a soccer or cricket XI, a rugby league XIII and a rugby union XV.
1933 World's Fair in Chicago. It was the brainchild of Arch Ward, then sports editor for The Chicago Tribune. Initially intended to be a one-time event, its great success resulted in playing the game annually. Ward's contribution was recognized by Major League Baseball in 1962 with the creation of the "Arch Ward Trophy," given to the All-Star Game's most valuable player each year.
- Professional all-star games 1
- College all-star games 2
- High school all-star games 3
- See also 4
- References 5
- External links 6
Professional all-star games
- A-League All Stars Game - A selected team from the best of the Australian football (soccer) league. The A-League All Stars play an international club annually.
- All Stars Game - National Rugby League - (Indigenous All Stars vs NRL All Stars)
- Note: This annual game involves a publicly voted selection of the best club players from the league versus an Aboriginal team in honour of reconciliation.
- E. J. Whitten Legends Game (Victoria vs. All Stars, a team representing the rest of Australia—annual)
- AFL Hall of Fame Tribute Match (Victoria vs. Dream Team—only edition in 2008)
- USAFL East vs West
- American Hockey League All-Star Game
- CPBL All-Star Game (Red vs White)
- ECHL All-Star Game
- Legends Football League All-Fantasy Game (Eastern vs Western)
- Major League Baseball All-Star Game (National League vs. American League)
- Honkbal Hoofdklasse All-Star Game (North All-Stars vs. South All-Stars)
- National Basketball Association All-Star Game (Eastern Conference vs. Western Conference)
- Philippine Basketball Association All-Star Game (South All-Stars vs. North All-Stars)
- J. League All-Star Soccer (J-WEST vs. J-EAST, generally)
- Korea Baseball Organization All-Star Game (Nanum vs Dream)
National Hockey League All-Star Game
The game has had a number of formats throughout its history.
- The original format, used from 1947 through 1968 with two exceptions, saw the previous season's Stanley Cup champions take on an "All-Star" team made up of the First and Second NHL All-Star Teams plus other star players.
- In 1951 and 1952, the competing teams were the First NHL All-Star Team, supplemented with stars from the league's American franchises, and the Second NHL All-Star Team, supplemented with stars from Canadian franchises.
- Beginning in 1969 and continuing through 2009, with some exceptions, the format was geographic—most recently Eastern Conference vs. Western Conference.
- For 1979 and 1987, a single team comprising the NHL's best players faced the Soviet national ice hockey team in a two-game series.
- From 1998 through 2002, the teams were divided by player nationality, with a "North America" team made up of Canadians and Americans and a "World" team drawn from the rest of the world.
- In 2006, 2010 and 2014, the league did not hold an all-star game, instead releasing its players to play ice hockey at the Olympic Games. The league held an all-star game in addition to releasing its players to the Olympics in 1998 and 2002.
- Due to the 2004-05 NHL lockout cancelling the entire season, the All-Star Game was not held in 2005. In 2013, the league did not hold an all-star game as well, as it omitted from the schedule because of the shortened season caused by the player lockout.
- The current format, first used in 2011, involves the selection of 42 players—six in fan voting, and the other 36 by the league. The selected players then choose two of these individuals as team captains. Two days before the game, a "fantasy draft" is held in which each captain takes turns in selecting his teammates.
- The game has had a number of formats throughout its history.
Pro Bowl - National Football League
- From 1938 to 1942, the NFL held an all-star game with the winner of that year's NFL Championship Game against an all-star team composed of players from the other teams (and, at least once, teams outside the NFL).
- From 1951 to 2013, the Pro Bowl followed an interconference format (Eastern vs. Western from 1951 to 1969 and American Football Conference vs. National Football Conference since the AFL–NFL merger in 1970). It changed to a draft format, similar to the NHL All-Star Game (see above), beginning with the 2014 contest.
- Note: In professional American football, the term "all-star game" can also refer to the American Football League All-Star game, played from 1961 to 1969; or the College All-Star Game, played from 1934 to 1976.
- Major League Lacrosse All-Star Game (Eastern Conference vs. Western Conference)
Major League Soccer All-Star Game
The game has had several formats throughout its history:
- Originally, the game pitted Eastern Conference and Western Conference all-star teams. This format was used for all games save one from 1996 through 2001, and also in 2004.
- The 1998 game pitted an "MLS USA" team, consisting entirely of Americans, against an "MLS World" team drawn from all other nationalities.
- The 2002 game matched an MLS all-star team against the US national team.
- The 2003 game was the first in which an MLS all-star team played a visiting foreign club team. This format has been used ever since, with the exception of 2004.
- The game has had several formats throughout its history:
- NASCAR Sprint All-Star Race (Race winners from previous and current season, as well as Sprint Cup champions and All-Star Race winners from the previous 10 seasons)
- National Lacrosse League All-Star Game (East Division vs. West Division)
- Major Indoor Soccer League All-Star Game (Format varies)
- WNBA All-Star Game (usually Eastern Conference vs. Western Conference)
Women's Professional Soccer All-Star Game
In the three years of the league's existence, two different formats were used.
- The first game in 2009, which took place after the season, employed a format similar to that of recent MLS All-Star Games, with a team of WPS all-stars taking on a visiting foreign club team (specifically Umeå IK of Sweden).
- The 2010 edition took place at midseason. Of the 36 players, 22 were selected through a voting process, and the other 14 were selected by the league. The top vote-getters among U.S. and international players, respectively Abby Wambach and Marta, were named captains. They picked their first 10 teammates from the remaining 20 All-Stars selected through the voting process, with the league then filling out each roster.
- No All-Star Game was held in 2011, which turned out to be the league's final season, because the season ran up against the Women's World Cup.
- The successor to WPS, the National Women's Soccer League (2013–present), has never held an all-star game.
- In the three years of the league's existence, two different formats were used.
- Triple-A All-Star Game (Baseball; International League vs. Pacific Coast League)
- Double-A All-Star Game (Baseball; players from American League-affiliated teams vs. players from National League-affiliated teams)
- AIFA Kickoff Classic (American Indoor Football Association All-Stars vs. expansion team)
- Marlboro Challenge (1987–1992, CART series winners from the current and previous seasons)
- CFL All-Star Game (various years and formats)
College all-star games
- Aztec Bowl, features an all-star Mexican team and, currently, an NCAA Division III all-star team
- Blue-Gray Football Classic (defunct)
- Casino del Sol College All-Star Game (originally the Eastham Energy All-Star Game)
- College All-Star Game (defunct), featured the defending NFL champions and an all-star team of recent college graduates
- East-West Shrine Game
- Hula Bowl (defunct)
- Mahi Shrine North–South College All-Star Classic (defunct)
- Magnolia Gridiron All-Star Classic (defunct)
- NFLPA Collegiate Bowl
- Texas vs The Nation
- North–South All-American Game (defunct)
- North–South All-Star Classic (defunct)
- Senior Bowl
- Medal of Honor Game
Other college sports
- North-South Senior All-Star Game, the NCAA men's lacrosse all-star games
- NCAA vs UAAP, All Star Collegiate Basketball between the top two college leagues in the Philippines
High school all-star games
High school basketball
- McDonald's All-American Game — featuring the most highly recruited high school players from across the nation.
- Jordan Brand Classic - similar game among blue chip athletes
- Kentucky Derby Festival Basketball Classic - the oldest continually held high school all-star game in the country. It is played annually in Louisville, KY at Freedom Hall and features top high school boys basketball players from across the country.
High school football
- NUC All-World Gridiron Classic
- Alabama-Mississippi All-Star Classic (Alabama vs. Mississippi)
- Big 33 Football Classic (Pennsylvania vs. Maryland)
- Bayou Bowl (Houston metropolitan area, Texas vs. Louisiana)
- Don Raabe Big 30 Charities Classic (Southern Tier, New York vs. Northern Tier, Pennsylvania)
- Lions Club All-Star High School Football Classic (Erie County, New York vs. Niagara County, New York)
- Maryland Crab Bowl (Washington, DC vs. Baltimore, Maryland)
- Oil Bowl (Texas vs. Oklahoma)
- DFW Bowl (high school) All Star Football Game featuring top players from (Dallas) vs. top players from (Fort Worth). The game is organized by North American All Stars. The game is also referred to as the North Texas East/West Classic.
- Dunmore Lions Club Dream Game (City vs. County) (Scranton, PA)
High school lacrosse
- "All-Star Game History", Baseball Almanac.
- Newman, Mark. "All-Star MVP Awaits Your Vote", MLB.com, July 10, 2006.