Allylglycine
Identifiers
CAS number  N
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C5H9NO2
Molar mass 115.13 g/mol
Appearance white crystalline powder
Density 1.098 g/mL
Melting point 265 °C (509 °F; 538 K)
Boiling point 231 °C (448 °F; 504 K)
Hazards
Main hazards Irritant
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N   YesY/N?)

Allylglycine is a glycine derivative. It is an inhibitor of the enzyme glutamate decarboxylase.[1] Inhibition of glutamate decarboxylase blocks GABA biosynthesis, leading to lower levels of the neurotransmitter.[2] Allylglycine is known to induce seizures in animals studies, presumably due to this GDC-inhibiting activity.[3]


References

  1. ^ Abshire VM, Hankins KD, Roehr KE, DiMicco JA (November 1988). "Injection of L-allylglycine into the posterior hypothalamus in rats causes decreases in local GABA which correlate with increases in heart rate". Neuropharmacology 27 (11): 1171–7.  
  2. ^ Sajdyk T, Johnson P, Fitz S, Shekhar A (August 2008). "Chronic inhibition of GABA synthesis in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis elicits anxiety-like behavior". J. Psychopharmacol. (Oxford) 22 (6): 633–41.  
  3. ^ Thomas J, Yang YC (June 1991). "Allylglycine induced seizures in male and female rats". Physiol Behav. 49 (6): 1181–3.