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Some Anglo-Indian dishes derive from traditional British cuisine, such as roast beef, modified by the addition of Indian-style spices, such as cumin and red chillies. Fish and meat are often cooked in curry form with Indian vegetables. Anglo-Indian food often involves use of coconut, yogurt, and almonds. Roasts and curries, rice dishes, and breads all have a distinctive flavour.
Some well-known Anglo-Indian dishes include:
- salted beef tongue,
- ball curry,
- fish rissoles, and
- Anglo-Indian style chutneys
The cuisine's sweetmeats include seasonal favourites like the "kulkuls" in Goa (similar to Portuguese cuisine filhoses enrolodas) and "rose-cookies" traditionally made at Christmas time. There is also a great deal of innovation to be seen in their soups, entrees, side dishes, sauces, and salads.
Some early restaurants in England served Anglo-Indian food, such as Veeraswamy in Regent Street, London, and their sister restaurant, Chutney Mary. They have, however, largely reverted to the standard Indian dishes that are better known to the British public.
The term is also used for the Indian dishes adapted during the British Raj in India, some of which later became fashionable in Britain.
Chutney usually transmutes into a cooked or sweetened but not highly spiced preparation of fruit, nuts or vegetables. It borrows from a tradition of jam making where an equal amount of sour fruit and refined sugar reacts with the pectin in the fruit (typical are sour apples (e.g. Bramleys or rhubarb) the sour note being provided by malt or cider vinegar. Major Grey's Chutney is typical. Sour, sweet-and-sour, sweet chutneys, or chutneys with large amounts of garlic and chile freshly made (typically tomato based) or indian pickle (achār) are rarely served.
- See also 1
- References 2
- Further reading 3
- External links 4
- Chicken tikka masala
- Crosse & Blackwell, early producers and sellers of chutney in England
- Worcestershire sauce, the English sauce with Indian inspiration and spices
- Kulkuls Goan food recipes
- Jennifer Brennan. Curries and Bugles, A Memoir and Cookbook of the British Raj.
- Patricia Brown. Anglo-Indian Food and Custom.
- E.P. Veeraswamy (1936). Indian Cookery: For use in all countries. London.
- Henrietta Hervey (2006) . A Curry Book (Anglo-Indian Cookery at Home). Ludlow: Excellent Press.
- Bridget White. The Best of Anglo-Indian Cuisine — A Legacy.
- Bridget White. Flavours of the Past.
- Bridget White. Anglo-Indian Delicacies.
- "Food Stories" — Explore a century of revolutionary change in UK food culture on the British Library's Food Stories website
- "How Britain got the hots for curry".
- "Fears for the decline of Anglo-Indian cooking".