An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea. Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer. They may be used for severe cases of gastroenteritis, especially if the patient is dehydrated.

Antiemetics, though previously thought to cause birth defects, have been proven safe for use by pregnant women in the treatment of morning sickness and the more serious hyperemesis gravidarum.[1][2]


  • Types of antiemetics 1
  • References 2
  • See also 3

Types of antiemetics

Antiemetics include:


  1. ^ Quinlan, Jeffrey D.; Hill, D. Ashley (1 June 2003). "Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy - American Family Physician". American Family Physician 68 (1): 121–128. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  2. ^ Schaefer, Christof; Scialli, Anthony; Rost van Tonningen, Margreet (2001). "Antiemetics and hyperemesis gravidarum". Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation: Handbook of Prescription Drugs and Comparative Risk Assessment. Gulf Professional Publishing.  
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ Pae C-U. Low-dose mirtazapine may be successful treatment option for severe nausea and vomiting. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry [Internet]. 2006 Aug 30 [cited 2013 Sep 27];30(6):1143–5. Available from:
  5. ^ Kast R e., Foley K f. Cancer chemotherapy and cachexia: mirtazapine and olanzapine are 5-HT3 antagonists with good antinausea effects. European Journal of Cancer Care [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2013 Sep 27];16(4):351–4. Available from:
  6. ^ National Institute of Mental Health. PDSD Ki Database (Internet) [cited 2013 Sep 27]. Chapel Hill (NC): University of North Carolina. 1998-2013. Available from:
  7. ^ Abdel-Aziz H, Windeck T, Ploch M, Verspohl EJ. (2006-01-13), "Mode of action of gingerols and shogaols on 5-HT3 receptors: binding studies, cation uptake by the receptor channel and contraction of isolated guinea-pig ileum.",  
  8. ^ Huang, Q.; Iwamoto, Y.; Aoki, S.; Tanaka, N.; Tajima, K.; Yamahara, J.; Takaishi, Y.; Yoshida, M.; Tomimatsu, T.; Tamai, Y. (1991). "Anti-5-hydroxytryptamine3 effect of galanolactone, diterpenoid isolated from ginger". Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 39 (2): 397–399.  
  9. ^ Marx, WM; Teleni L; McCarthy AL; Vitetta L; McKavanagh D; Thomson D; Isenring E. (2013). "Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a systematic literature review". Nutr Rev 71 (4): 245–54.  
  10. ^ Ernst, E.; Pittler, M.H. (1 March 2000). "Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials" (PDF). British Journal of Anesthesia 84 (3): 367–371.  
  11. ^ hoe 2#section1 Muscimol. Chemical Data Sheet, Database of Hazardous Materials, CAMEO chemicals

See also