Brazilian Communist Party (1992)
|Partido Comunista Brasileiro|
|President||Zuleide Faria de Melo|
Rua das Marrecas, 27, 3º andar, Centro|
Rio de Janeiro
|International affiliation||São Paulo Forum|
|TSE Identification Number||21|
Politics of Brazil|
Brazilian Communist Party (Portuguese: Partido Comunista Brasileiro, PCB) is a political party in Brazil. It was founded in 1992 by a minority grouping within the original Brazilian Communist Party which in its Tenth Congress decided to abandon communism and disband itself, giving origin to the Popular Socialist Party. The refounded PCB affirmed its commitment to Marxism-Leninism.
PCB is much smaller than the Communist Party of Brazil and lacks parliamentary representation at national level.
The youth wing of PCB is known as Young Communist Union.
After the dissolution of the PCB, decided by the 10th Congress, the minority that was opposed to this action onganized an "Extraordinary Reorganization Conference", where it decided to rebuild the party with the maintaining of its identity and by reviewing the path that it had followed in the precedent years. The party then started a battle in order to gain the rights to use the name PCB (which was contested by the members of the PPS) and the legalize the party. In 1996, the PCB would be officially registered.
The Party has realized four congresses: the 10th (1993), 11th (1996), 12th (2000) and the 13th (2006). It remains small, in spite of some recent growth during the government of Luís Inácio Lula da Silva and the crisis of PT (it should be noticed that the main result of this process was the Socialism and Freedom Party). Although competing in elections and participating in wider electoral fronts, its electoral results were insignificant.
In 2006, the PCB agreed on a nationwide alliance with two other left-wing parties, P-SOL and PSTU. Putting aside some significant ideological differences, the three parties built a common agenda to try to break the polarity between presidential candidates Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) and Geraldo Alckmin (PSDB). The coalition also extended to gubernatorial and parliament elections to take place at the same time all over the country. That year the PCB elected a state deputy (Jorge Souza, in the state of Amapá) and had about 20 local representatives.
In 2010, the secretary-general of the Party, Ivan Pinheiro, ran for president of Brazil, finishing eighth.
- Brazilian Communist Party (in Portuguese)
20 - CSP (PSC)
|Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
21 - BCP (PCB)
| Succeeded by|
22 - RP (PR)