Capitate bone

Capitate bone

Capitate bone
Left hand anterior view (palmar view). Capitate-bone shown in red.
The left capitate bone.
Left: ulnar surface (little-finger-side surface).
Right: radial surface (thumb-side surface)
Details
Latin Os capitatum; os magnum
Identifiers
MeSH A02.835.232.087.319.150.150
Dorlands
/Elsevier
o_07/12598140
FMA 23727
Anatomical terms of bone

The capitate bone is the largest of the carpal bones in the human hand, and occupies the center of the wrist. It presents, above, a rounded portion or head, which is received into the concavity formed by the scaphoid and lunate bones; a constricted portion or neck; and below this, the body.[1] The bone is also found in many other mammals, and is homologous with the "third distal carpal" of reptiles and amphibians.

Contents

  • Structure 1
    • Surfaces 1.1
    • Variation 1.2
    • Ossification 1.3
  • Function 2
  • History 3
  • Additional images 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Structure

The capitate is the largest carpal bone found within the hand.[2] The capitate is found within the distal row of carpal bones. It is the largest carpal bone. The capitate lies directly adjacent to the metacarpal of the ring finger on its distal surface, has the hamate on its ulnar surface and trapezoid on its radial surface, and abuts the lunate and scaphoid proximally.[3] :708–709

Surfaces

The superior surface is round, smooth, and articulates with the lunate bone.[1]

The inferior surface is divided by two ridges into three facets, for articulation with the second, third, and fourth metacarpal bones, that for the third being the largest.[1]

The dorsal surface is broad and rough.[1]

The palmar surface is narrow, rounded, and rough, for the attachment of ligaments and a part of the adductor pollicis muscle.[1]

The lateral surface articulates with the lesser multangular by a small facet at its anterior inferior angle, behind which is a rough depression for the attachment of an interosseous ligament. Above this is a deep, rough groove, forming part of the neck, and serving for the attachment of ligaments; it is bounded superiorly by a smooth, convex surface, for articulation with the scaphoid bone.[1]

The medial surface articulates with the hamate bone by a smooth, concave, oblong facet, which occupies its posterior and superior parts; it is rough in front, for the attachment of an interosseous ligament.[1]

Variation

The capitate bone variably articulates with the metacarpal of the index finger.[2]

Ossification

The ossification of capitate starts at 1 - 5 months.[4]

Function

The carpal bones function as a unit to provide a bony superstructure for the hand.[3] :708

History

The etymology derives from the Latin Latin: capitātus, "having a head," from Latin: capit-, meaning "head."[5]

Additional images

See also

References

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gray's Anatomy (1918). See infobox.
  2. ^ a b Eathorne, SW (Mar 2005). "The wrist: clinical anatomy and physical examination--an update.". Primary care 32 (1): 17–33.  
  3. ^ a b Drake, Richard L.; Vogl, Wayne; Tibbitts, Adam W.M. Mitchell; illustrations by Richard; Richardson, Paul (2005). Gray's anatomy for students. Philadelphia: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone.  
  4. ^ Balachandran, Ajay; Kartha, Moumitha; Krishna, Anooj; Thomas, Jerry; K, Prathilash; TN, Prem; GK, Libu; B, Krishnan; John, Liza (2014). "A Study of Ossification of Capitate, Hamate, Triquetral & Lunate in Forensic Age Estimation". Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology 8 (2): 218–224.  
  5. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Capitate". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 5 January 2014.