Catskill Mountain House

Catskill Mountain House

View from The Mountain House, 1836, by William Henry Bartlett
The Mountain House, 1856, by Jasper Francis Cropsey
Thomas Cole - A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain House, Catskill Mountains, Morning - Brooklyn Museum

The Catskill Mountain House was a famous hotel near Palenville, New York and in the Catskill Mountains overlooking the Hudson River Valley, built in 1824. In its prime, from the 1850s to the turn of the century, it was visited by three U.S. presidents (U.S. Grant, Chester A. Arthur and Theodore Roosevelt) and the power elite of the day.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Construction 1.1
    • The Fried Chicken War 1.2
    • Decline 1.3
    • Fall 1.4
    • Today 1.5
  • See also 2
  • External links 3
  • References 4

History

Construction

The Mountain House's site, the "Pine Orchard," had long been famous for its panoramic views up and down the Hudson Valley and even beyond to the east. John Bartram and James Fenimore Cooper had both written about it in different contexts.

Artists and writers had discovered the Catskills some time earlier. Shortly after it was constructed, the Mountain House and its surroundings became a favorite subject for [1]

The hotel was built in 1823 and opened a year later by a group of merchants from nearby Catskill on a plateau with sweeping views of the Hudson Valley on one side and two lakes on the other side that provided water and recreation.

In 1839, Charles Beach, whose father ran a stage coach line from the town of Catskill to the Mountain House, leased the hotel from the owners for six years and then bought it outright. Beach rebuilt the Mountain House, changing the original Federalist design into a neo-classical structure.

The Fried Chicken War

Postcard view of the hotel, undated

One summer day in 1880, a prominent Kaaterskill Hotel next year and offering the Mountain House its first real competition.

The rivalry between the two hotels and their proprietors came to be known in the region as the "Fried Chicken War." It actually benefited both, since guests at one would often stroll to the other for lunch.

The view that made the Mountain House famous came at a cost— getting up the 1,600-foot (487.6 m) climb from the valley required a five-hour stagecoach ride. As more competing hotels that were easier to reach began to be developed, the Mountain House built the cable-operated Otis Elevating Railway to bring its guests directly from the Hudson to the hotel[2]. But the railway proved to be expensive to operate, and was finally sold for scrap in 1918 during World War I.

Decline

Undated postcard (c. 1915-1920)

Beach's promotional claim that the Mountain House sat amid the highest peaks in the Catskills suffered a major blow in the 1880s, when Princeton University geologist Arnold Henry Guyot undertook the first-ever comprehensive survey of the Catskills and found that the highest peak in the region was not Kaaterskill High Peak, which dominates the view south from higher mountains in the area, but Slide Mountain, many miles to the southwest in the Ulster County town of Shandaken.

Beach, who had long claimed that the Pine Orchard was at 3,000 feet (914.4 m) above sea level, 750 feet (228.6 m) higher than its actual elevation (a fib perpetuated even today by the state historical marker at the site), joined forces with his rivals to cast doubt on Guyot's claim, and even questioned his scientific credentials. But by 1886 other surveyors had confirmed Guyot's results, and the North-South Lake area was no longer the heart of the Catskills.

Fall

The decaying Mountain House in 1953, during an ill-fated attempt to renovate the hotel - Image courtesy of http://www.catskillarchive.com

Beach and Harding both died in 1902. Just as the fame of the Mountain House was to be eclipsed by other area hotels, so were the Catskills eclipsed by the Adirondacks as the fashionable playground of the wealthy. The Mountain House continued to operate until the start of World War II — 1941 was its last season.

In 1962, the State of New York acquired the property. Preservationists pointed to the hotel's historic value, but were ultimately unsuccessful when it was burned by the state Conservation Department on January 25, 1963 in accordance with revisionist Forest Preserve management policies forbidding most structures on land retroactively decreed by government to be "forever wild."

Today

View from the site of the Mountain House, 2004

The state now operates a large public campground, North-South Lake, near the site of the hotel. The Mountain House site is an easy walk from it along the popular Escarpment Trail.

All that remains of what was once America's most fashionable resort is the gateposts and the sweeping views from the cleared site.

See also

External links

  • Catskill Mountain House Archive
  • Oct. 6, 1826Boston Recorder And Telegraph"A visit to the Mountain House" from the
  • History of the Otis Elevating Railway
  • Catskill Mountain House
  • A history of the Town of Hunter
  • The Catskill Mountain House and The World Around movie
  • Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer (1850)

References

  1. ^ Silverman, Francine (2003). The Catskills Alive!. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 422.