|Flowers of C. speciosa|
Chaenomeles speciosa (commonly known as flowering quince or Japanese quince or as zhou pi mugua in traditional Chinese medicine) is a thorny deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub native to eastern Asia. It is taller than another commonly cultivated species, C. japonica, usually growing to about 2 m (6 ft 7 in). The flowers are usually red, but may be white or pink, and the fruit is a fragrant but hard pome that resembles a quince.
- Cultivation 1
- Ethnomedical uses 2
- Pharmacology 3
- See also 4
- References and external links 5
CultivationThis plant is widely cultivated in temperate regions for its twining habit and its showy flowers which appear early in the season - occasionally even in midwinter. It is frequently used as an informal low hedge. Numerous cultivars with flowers in shades of white, pink and red have been selected. The following cultivars and hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-
- Pseudocydonia (Chaenomeles sinensis), also called mugua and "Chinese quince"
- Papaya, a tropical fruit that shares the name mugua
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
- Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
- "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- Subhuti Dharmananda 2005. "Chaenomeles: A relaxing and strengthening fruit" in Institute for Traditional Medicine database 
- Zhao G, Jiang ZH, Zheng XW, Zang SY, Guo LH (2008). "Dopamine transporter inhibitory and antiparkinsonian effect of common flowering quince extract.". Pharmacol Biochem Behav 90 (3): 363–71.
- Effects and mechanisms of glucosides of chaenomeles speciosa on collagen-induced arthritis in ratsarticle
- Information from USDA PLANTS
- Information from Plants for a Future
- Information from Chinese Medicine Basics
- Glucosides of Chaenomeles speciosa remit rat adjuvant arthritis by inhibiting synoviocyte activitiesarticle