Childhood Bilingualism Research Centre

Childhood Bilingualism Research Centre

The Chinese University of Hong Kong
香港中文大學
emblem of CUHK
Motto 博文約禮 (Classical Chinese)
Motto in English To broaden one's intellectual horizon and keep within the bounds of propriety
Established October 17, 1963 (1963-10-17)
Type Public
Chairman Dr. Vincent Cheng
Chancellor Leung Chun-ying
President Prof. Joseph Sung
Vice-president Prof. Benjamin Wah
Prof. Jack Cheng
Prof. Pak-chung Ching
Prof. Michael Hui
Prof. Henry Wong
Prof. Yangsheng Xu
Prof. Hau Kit-tai
Provost Prof. Benjamin Wah
Vice-Chancellor Prof. Joseph Sung
Undergraduates 11,255[1]
Postgraduates 3,060[1]
Location

New Territories
22°25′11″N 114°12′24.45″E / 22.41972°N 114.2067917°E / 22.41972; 114.2067917Coordinates: 22°25′11″N 114°12′24.45″E / 22.41972°N 114.2067917°E / 22.41972; 114.2067917

Campus Rural
137.3 hectares (1.373 km2)
Colors Purple and gold
           
Mascot Phoenix
Affiliations ASAIHL, ACU, IAU, WUN, ACUCA
Website
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The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Abbreviation: CUHK and Chinese University in English; 中大, Zhōngdà in Putonghua and Zung1-daai6 in Cantonese) is a public research university in Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, it is the territory's second oldest institution of higher learning and only collegiate university. It is originally evolved from three existing colleges, the oldest of which was founded in 1949. These colleges themselves were formed also by merging universities that had existed in mainland China. The University has developed rapidly afterwards with the establishment of various academic departments and new colleges.[2]

Today, CUHK is organized into nine constituent colleges and eight academic faculties. The main language of instruction is English, while Cantonese and Mandarin Chinese have been retained by certain departments.[3] As of 2013, four Nobel Laureates are associated with CUHK. It is also the only tertiary institution in the territory to have winners of the Nobel Prize, Turing Award, Fields Medal and Veblen Prize as faculty in residence.[4]

It also hosts the Hong Kong Internet Exchange, a metropolitan network backbone founded in 1995.[5]

History


  • 1957, New Asia College, Chung Chi College, and United College established the Hong Kong Chinese Higher Education Association, same year, the colleges received government funding and academic status.
  • 1959, New Asia College, Chung Chi College, and United College became government funded institutions of higher education.
  • 1963, New Asia College, Chung Chi College, and United College combined to become The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
  • 1965, School of Education established.
  • 1976, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Ordinance enacted, CUHK was established as a collegiate university.
  • 1977, School of Medicine established.
  • 1986, Shaw College established.
  • 1991, School of Engineering established.
  • 1994, converted to three-year bachelor degree program.[6]
  • 2004, School of Law established.
  • 2006, the establishment of two new colleges, Morningside College and S. H. Ho College, was announced.
  • 2007, three colleges, C. W. Chu College, Wu Yee Sun College and Lee Woo Sing College, were announced.

Administration

Management Structure

The Chancellor of CUHK, like all other universities of Hong Kong, is the Chief Executive of HKSAR and the President/Vice-chancellor is under the Council of the University, followed by the Pro-vice chancellor/Vice-president. There are nine colleges and eight faculties, each of which has its own Dean/Head.[7]

Funding

In 2005, The Chinese University of Hong Kong's budget was HK$4,558 million, with government subventions of about HK$2,830 million.[8] In the 2008-09 fiscal year (starts April 1), total income was down to $4,413 million while government subvention had risen to $2,916 million.[9]

Academics

Academic Organisations

Faculties

Chinese University is a comprehensive research university with most departments and schools organized into 8 faculties which run both undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. There is a graduate school to administrate all the postgraduate progrmmes provided by different faculties. Moreover, the CUSCS offers Associate degree and Higher Diploma programmes.

Faculty of Law

Graduate School

School of Continuing and Professional Studies (CUSCS)

Selected Research Centres

Yale-China Chinese Language Centre


The Yale-China Chinese Language Centre (CLC), formerly New Asia - Yale-in-China Chinese Language Center, was founded in 1963 under the joint auspices of New Asia College and the Yale-China Association. The center became part of Chinese University in 1974 and has been responsible for the teaching of one language education (Putonghua and Cantonese) of university students as well as other Putonghua and Cantonese learners. Courses are offered for non-native speakers and for native speakers of Chinese.

University programs are divided into Putonghua courses for local students, Cantonese courses for mainland Chinese Students and Putonghua and Cantonese courses for international exchange students

Programs are provided to public, with Putonghua/Cantonese courses for non-native speakers (Chinese as a foreign language/second language, CFL), and Putonghua/Cantonese courses for native Chinese speakers.

Childhood Bilingualism Research Centre

The university hosts the Childhood Bilingualism Research Centre (CBRC), part of the Department of Linguistics and Modern Languages. Research at the centre includes documenting the development of bilingualism in bilingual children and assessing the bilingual competence they gain in childhood; raising the public’s awareness of Hong Kong children’s development of biliteracy and trilingualism; and studying and supporting the revitalization of minority languages in the context of bilingual and multilingual education. The centre is directed by Professor Virginia Yip and Dr. Stephen Matthews.[10]

Strategic Plan of Academic Inquiry

CUHK currently adopts a strategic plan in five fields of academic inquiry: Biomedical Sciences, Chinese Studies, Economics & Finance, Geoinformation & Earth Sciences and Information Sciences.[11]

Libraries and museum


The university library system houses the Hong Kong Studies Archive, Hong Kong Literature Collection, Chinese Overseas Collection, Nobel Laureate GAO, Xingjian Collection, Nobel Laureate CY Yang Archive, American Studies Resource Collection and Modern Chinese Drama Collection.

CUHK also houses the Chinese University of Hong Kong Art Museum, which houses "a wide range of artifacts illuminating the rich arts, humanities and cultural heritage of ancient and pre-modern China."[8] In 2010, The Chinese University of Hong Kong was chosen to be a part of the BBNM Group for its excellence in co-operation projects with the corporate world in Hong Kong.[13] Today, they are represented among the BBNM Member schools.[14]

International awards

As of 2013, four Nobel Prize winners are associated with the University, including Chen Ning Yang, James Mirrlees, Robert Alexander Mundell and former University President Charles K. Kao.

Other notable faculty members include mathematician Shing-Tung Yau, laureate of the Fields Medal and the Veblen Prize, and computational theorist Andrew Yao, laureate of the Turing Award.[4]

Rankings

The ARWU (2013), as based on awards and research output, considers CUHK 151st-200th globally and the best in Hong Kong. In fact, it had been consistently regarded as first of the city by the institution, including those rankings in 2006, 2010 and 2011.[15][16][17][18]

In 2013/14, the QS World University Rankings put it at 39th worldwide and 7th in Asia which makes it the third in Hong Kong,[19] while the independent regional QS Asian University Rankings (2013) also ranked it the seventh in Asia and third in Hong Kong.[20]

Meanwhile, it was 109th in the world and 12th in Asia in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (2013–14),[21] and was among 81st-90th in its World Reputation Rankings,[22] both of which regarded it as the third in Hong Kong. In addition, it was ranked 12th by the Times rankings of top 100 under 50 universities.[23]

Besides overall rankings, the institutions above also provide university rankings by disciplines. See list of subject rankings of Hong Kong tertiary institutions for some major subject rankings.

Morevoer, the HKU Public Opinion Programme (2012) ranked it second in Hong Kong.[24]

Apart from those mentioned above, there are some specific rankings for tertiary business and economic education. These include the Financial Times EMBA rankings in which CUHK business school was put 17th on the list,[25] and the Global MBA Rankings where CUHK's MBA program was placed 27th worldwide in 2013,[26] both of which regarded it 4th in Asia and second in Hong Kong. The Economist's 2012 ranking put its MBA program 94th globally, being the third in Hong Kong.[27]

Student life

School environment

CUHK possesses the largest campus of all higher learning institutions in Hong Kong. The 137.3-hectare land with green environment houses a range of facilities essential for an all-round campus experience, such as world-class libraries, art museums, music halls, swimming pool, sports fields, tennis courts, squash courts, water sports centre and gymnasiums.[28]

Collegiate system

As a collegiate university, it comprises nine colleges that differ in character and history, each retaining substantial autonomy on institutional affairs: Chung Chi College, New Asia College, United College,[29] Shaw College, Morningside College,[30] S. H. Ho College,[31] Lee Woo Sing College, Wu Yee Sun College and C. W. Chu College. All undergraduates are affiliated to one of them.[32]

Colleges are communities with their own hostels, dining halls and other facilities. Students receive pastoral care and whole-person education, including formal and non-formal general education by means through close interaction with teachers and peers. Colleges promote extracurricular activities.

Transportation

Although the campus is located away from the busier districts of Hong Kong, access to the school is easy. The university is served by University Station of the Mass Transit Railway as well as the Hong Kong bus system. The bus and railway stations are located beside Chung Chi College. To cope with new students from 3-3-4 education system, the new exit D of University Station opened on 28 Sept 2012. A system of minibus routes runs between the station, academic buildings, and residences.

Controversies

Goddess of Democracy

On 29 May 2010, when the CUHK student union sought to permanently locate a 'Goddess of Democracy' statue on campus, the administrative and planning committee of the University convened an emergency meeting for 1 June, chaired by incumbent Vice-chancellor Lawrence Lau, to consider the request.[33] The application was turned down; the reason provided was the need for the University to maintain political neutrality. Staff and students objected to the refusal, however, accusing the committee of self-censorship; students declared they were prepared for a stand-off against the University, saying they would ensure the statues were accommodated on campus "at all costs".[34]

A student meeting was convened, and student union President Eric Lai told 2,000 attendees that the University officials should apologise for their opposition of the art display.[35] On 4 June, bowing to public outcry and student pressure, the University relented, and allowed the statue on campus.[36]

Vice-chancellor designate Joseph Sung, who was consulted on the vote in absentia, admitted that it was the biggest political storm in 21 years. He revealed that, in addition to preserving political neutrality, safety and security concerns were factors in the decision. He also drew a distinction between this application - for a permanent University installation - and hypothetical applications for short-term expressions of free speech, suggesting the latter would have been more likely to be approved, but he criticised the management team as "immature" and "inexperienced" in handling the incident.[33]

An editorial in The Standard criticised the committee's naivety in not anticipating the reaction. It was also highly critical of Sung for seeking to distance himself from the decision with such a "lame excuse".[36] Outgoing Vice-chancellor Lawrence Lau defended the committee's decision as "collective and unanimous" after "detailed consideration," citing the unanimous vote of the administrative and planning committee, and he disagreed with Sung's characterization of the management team. While the vote was unanimous, however, Sung stated that he had suggested the wording of the decision include the qualification that the committee "had not reached a consensus."[37]

The student union said the two professors should have communicated to reach a consensus, and that Lau's reply "failed to explain why the school used political neutrality as a reason to reject the statue."[38]

CUHK people

See also

References

External links

  • 40 years of CUHK
  • Centre for Innovation and Technology (CINTEC)