The cholic (1819) George Cruikshank.
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 R10.4
MeSH D003085

Colic (from Greek κολικός kolikos, "relative to the colon") or cholic is a form of pain which starts and stops abruptly. It occurs due to muscular contractions of a hollow tube (colon, ureter, gall bladder, etc.) in attempt to relieve an obstruction by forcing content out. It may be accompanied by vomiting and sweating.[1] Types include:

  • Baby colic, a condition, usually in infants, characterized by incessant crying
  • Renal colic, a pain in the flank, characteristic of kidney stones
  • Biliary colic, blockage by a gallstone of the common bile duct or cystic duct
  • Horse colic, a potentially fatal condition experienced by horses, caused by intestinal displacement or blockage
  • Devon colic, an affliction caused by lead poisoning
  • Painter's colic or lead poisoning


  1. ^ Bhat, Sriram (2013). SRB's Manual of Surgery. p. 364. ISBN 9789350259443