Cricket South Africa
Cricket South Africa
|Affiliation||International Cricket Council|
|Affiliation date||June 29, 1991|
|Headquarters||Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa|
|Chief Exec||Haroon Lorgat|
|Replaced||United Cricket Board of South Africa|
South Africa first played international cricket in 1889, though the players participating at the time were not aware of the fact. They continued to play regularly series of matches against England, Australia and New Zealand until 1970. The membership rules of the Imperial Cricket Conference (ICC) meant that when South Africa left the Commonwealth in May 1961, they also left the ICC. Despite the rules being changed in 1964 to allow other nations to be "Associate" members, South Africa did not reapply. Due to South African apartheid laws, which introduced legal racial segregation to the country in 1948, no non-white (defined under the legislation as either "black", "coloured" or "Indian") player was eligible to play Test cricket for South Africa. The anti-apartheid movement led the ICC to impose a moratorium on tours in 1970.
During South Africa's absence from international cricket, a number of different organisations ran domestic cricket: initially the South Africa Cricket Association (SACA), South African Board of Cricket Control (SACBOC) and the South African African Cricket Board (SAACB). In 1976 these three organisations agreed to establish one single board to govern South African cricket, and that all future cricket in the country would be played on an integrated basis regardless of race or colour. However, the new board – the South African Cricket Union (SACU) – was not recognised by a small dissenting group in the SACBOC, who set up the South African Cricket Board (SACB).
In June 1991, the South African Cricket Union and the South African Cricket Board merged to form the United Cricket Board of South Africa (UCB). The unification ended enforced racial separation, and only a month later, on 10 July 1991, South Africa was re-admitted as a full member of the ICC.
South Africa's three major domestic competitions are the Sunfoil Series (four day first class competition), the Momentum 1 Day Cup (List A one-day competition) and T20 Domestic Cup (domestic Twenty20 competition). Generally encompassing more than one provincial associate team, six first-class teams take part in these competitions.
- Williamson, Martin (28 November 2009). "The ignorant internationals".
- "Records / South Africa / Test matches / Series results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "History of the International Cricket Council".
- Minty, Abdul (April 1971). "International Boycott of Apartheid Sport". United Nations Unit on Apartheid.
- Booth, Douglas (1998). The Race Game: Sport and Politics in South Africa.
- Williams, Jack (2001). Cricket and Race. Oxford: Berg. p. 85.
- "About CSA". Cricket South Africa. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Cricket South Africa web site
- Official Facebook page
- South Africa Cricket News
- Cricinfo: South Africa - First-class teams
- Wisden Cricketers Almanack