|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||170.92 g/mol|
|Main hazards||Ozone depletor|
| (what is: / ?) |
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane, or R-114, is a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) with the molecular formula ClF2CCF2Cl. Its primary use has been as a refrigerant. It is a non-flammable gas with a sweetish, chloroform-like odor with the critical point occurring at 145.6 °C and 3.26 MPa. When pressurized or cooled, it is a colorless liquid. It is listed on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's list of ozone depleting chemicals, and is classified as a Montreal Protocol Class I, group 1 ozone depleting substance.
When used as a refrigerant, R-114 is classified as a medium pressure refrigerant.
The US Navy uses R-114 in its centrifugal chillers in preference to R-11 to avoid air and moisture leakage into the system. While the evaporator of an R-11 charged chiller runs at a vacuum during operation, R-114 yields approximately 0 psig operating pressure in the evaporator.
- Material Safety Data Sheet from Honeywell International Inc., dated 22 August 2007.
- CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards