Cumberland Lodge is a 17th-century Grade II listed country house in Windsor Great Park located 3.5 miles south of Windsor Castle. It is now occupied by a charitable foundation which holds residential conferences, lectures and discussions concerning the burning issues facing society. The primary beneficiaries of the charity are university students, 4,000 of whom visit the Lodge each year. Its Patron is The Queen who has granted the foundation sole occupancy of the house. The chairman of trustees is Sir Stephen Wall, former British diplomat.
- History of the building 1
- History of the Foundation 2
- Cumberland Lodge today 3
- Cumberland Lodge reports 4
- Notes 5
- External links 6
History of the building
The house was built by John Byfield, an army captain, in 1650 when Oliver Cromwell divided up and sold off lots in Windsor Great Park. The house was called Byfield House until 1670. It was then renamed New Lodge, and at times was also known as Windsor Lodge or Ranger Lodge.
Among those who have lived at the Lodge were:
- Baptist May, the first resident Ranger;
- Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (1702–1744); John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough who died there in 1722;
- John Spencer (1744–1746);
- George II (1746–1765);
- Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, son of Frederick, Prince of Wales (1765–1790);
- Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn, widow of Henry (1790–1803);
- George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough (until 1822);
- George III (1830–1843);
- Princess Helena, daughter of Queen Victoria and wife of Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (1846–1923);
- Lord Fitzalan of Derwent, last Viceroy of Ireland (1923–1947).
History of the Foundation
The Foundation has developed its role with students, so that it now regularly organises cross-disciplinary postgraduate conferences. Since the 1980s it has also run over one hundred conferences, for a wider constituency than the universities, on moral, ethical, spiritual or social issues, publishing reports, blogs and podcasts on most of them.
Cumberland Lodge today
Today Cumberland Lodge is an educational charity initiating fresh debate on the burning questions facing society. It is used for academic workshops and short residential courses by groups of students, primarily from universities, who go there to examine the fundamental assumptions underlying political, economic and scientific activities. In addition, through a programme of conferences, discussions and external events, Cumberland Lodge encourages discussion on issues of national and international significance. It is an independent foundation and is therefore able to promote frank exchanges of views and cross-sector co-operation on matters affecting the development of society. Cumberland Lodge initiates about ten conferences a year, as well as a series of free evening talks. Their aim is particularly to explore connections in the following areas: International affairs, especially concerning the Commonwealth or Europe; Religion and Ethics; Education; Culture and Society; Law and Order; Media and Society.
By reflecting on particular issues in terms of their wider ramifications, their conferences give participants the opportunity to gain fresh insights and to make new contacts. At least one conference a year is dedicated to postgraduate students, bringing them together from many institutions and disciplines. Other conferences are for people in any walk of life with a commitment to the topic.
It is not open to the general public for viewing, however there are open days, conferences and free lectures throughout the year. You can also see various interior and exterior shots of Lodge in the film The King's Speech.
Cumberland Lodge reports
Previous conferences of note include:
- The People Are The Police? Cumberland Lodge's 30th Police Conference. Transforming 21st Century Policing through New Partnerships and Engagement.
- Drugs and Harm A new agenda for a new government?
- The Future of the Third Sector Taking stock of the impact of policy context changes, service delivery reforms, and the emerging priorities of the big and civil society.
- Religion and the News Over the past twenty years the coverage of religious news in the media has radically changed: religion is no longer a "soft" story.
- Surveillance and the Limits of Law Enforcement  Is the loss of liberty the price we pay for freedom?
- Changing Expectations of Life This conference sought to expose the prevalent misconceptions about ageing, to examine the latest medical, epidemiological and demographic research, and to consider societal and cultural responses to the challenges of ageing.
Cumberland Lodge has held over 100 conferences since 1986, after each conference a report is compiled and can be viewed on the Cumberland Lodge Website.
- "Cumberland Lodge". English Heritage list.
- The People Are The police? Cumberland Lodge Report
- Drugs and Harm, Cumberland Lodge Report
- The Future of the Third Sector, Cumberland Lodge Report
- Religion and the News, Cumberland Lodge Report
- Surveillance and the Limits of Law Enforcement, Cumberland Lodge Report
- Changing Expectations of Life, Cumberland Lodge Report
- Cumberland Lodge website
- Cumberland Lodge Programme; listing conferences, talks and open days
- Cumberland Lodge conference reports
- Cumberland Lodge Student Visitors
- Royal Berkshire History information