Dana, Susan Lawrence, House
Windows on South Wall 12/2006
Dana-Thomas House is located in Illinois
Dana-Thomas House
Location Springfield, Illinois
Coordinates
Built 1902
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Architectural style Other
Governing body Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
NRHP Reference # 74000774[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP July 30, 1974
Designated NHL January 7, 1976[2]
First floor plan for the Dana-Thomas House

The Dana-Thomas House or Susan Lawrence Dana House or Dana House (built 1902–04) is an expression of architect landscape of the U.S. state of Illinois, and the Japanese aesthetic as expressed in Japanese prints.[3]

Susan Lawrence Dana

In 1902, Susan Lawrence Dana (1862–1946) was an independent woman and heiress to a substantial fortune, including silver mines in the Rocky Mountains. Widowed in 1900, Dana enjoyed complete control over her household and fortune. Eager to express her personality and to become the leading hostess in Springfield, Dana decided to completely remodel her family's Italianate mansion located in the state capital's fashionable "Aristocracy Hill" neighborhood.

Susan Lawrence Dana's search for an architect to match her aspirations ended when she was introduced to Frank Lloyd Wright, the rising leader of a new movement in architecture.

Selecting an architect

In 1893, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959) left the office of his mentor, Prairie Style".

Susan Lawrence Dana's 1902 commission to Wright to plan the "remodeling" of the Lawrences' Victorian mansion was the largest commission that Wright had enjoyed up to that time. The architect, who recognized a kindred spirit in Mrs. Dana, expanded the boundaries of his commission to design and build what was, in effect, an entirely new house.

Dana House

This house was a showcase for Wright's Prairie Style. It reflected Susan Lawrence Dana's flamboyant personality and Dana's and Wright's mutual love of Japanese prints and drawings. The house was designed for display and entertainment. An arched doorway admitted guests into a series of expanding spaces, the vestibule and reception hall.

The concept of "expanding space" was repeated throughout the house,[3] with sumac motif.

A substantial west wing leads visitors through an interior Torii gate into two of the largest rooms in the house. The upper-level gallery was used for musical entertaining, and the ground-level library contains special easels designed by Wright for Dana to display selections from her collection of Japanese prints, part of more than 100 pieces of free-standing Wright-designed white oak furniture in the house.

Susan Lawrence Dana lived in the Dana-Thomas House for approximately 24 years, from 1904 until about 1928. At first a successful hostess and leader of Springfield's social scene, she later became increasingly reclusive and turned her attention to spiritualism and the occult. Suffering from increasing financial constraints in her later years, she closed the main house around 1928 and moved to a small cottage on the grounds. As Dana struggled with age-related dementia in the 1940s, her home and its contents were sold.[3]

Dana-Thomas House today

State historic site

South and East exterior elevations

Charles C. Thomas, a successful medical publisher, was the second owner and custodian of the Dana-Thomas House in 1944-1981. He and his wife are credited with maintaining the house's original furnishings and design, and with selling the home and its furnishings as a unit to the state of Illinois in 1981 for $1.0 million, significantly less than could have been earned had the household been broken up.[3]

The State of Illinois bought the house in 1981 and it became a historic site under the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency and led a restoration effort in 1987-1990 that refitted the house to its appearance in 1910. It is believed to contain one of the most intact Frank Lloyd Wright architectural interiors in the United States.[3] Restoration plans and documents are held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago.

The house was featured in Bob Vila's A&E Network 1996 production, Guide to Historic Homes of America.[4]

Temporary shutdowns

As part of a program of budget cuts, the state of Illinois temporarily closed the Dana-Thomas House to the public from December 1, 2008 until April 23, 2009.[3][5] The Dana-Thomas House closed for 11 months in 2011 for renovations to interior and exterior finish as well as mechanical and security systems.[6]

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ "Dana, Susan Lawrence, House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Doors close at Dana-Thomas House". Springfield, Ill.  
  4. ^  
  5. ^ "Illinois to close historic sites, parks due to budget shortfall".  
  6. ^ Chris, Dettro (November 30, 2011). "Dana-Thomas House work mostly behind the scenes". The State Journal-Register. Retrieved 4 December 2011. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website
  • State of Illinois site
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. IL-1188, "Susan Lawrence Dana House, 301 East Lawrence Avenue, Springfield, Sangamon County, IL", 15 measured drawings
  • Speaking of History Podcast about touring the Dana Thomas House in June 2007
  • Photos on Arcaid