Dodecanol

Dodecanol

Dodecanol[1]
Skeletal formula
Space-filling model
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
DrugBank
KEGG  YesY
ChEBI  YesY
ChEMBL  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C12H26O
Molar mass 186.34
Appearance Colorless solid
Density 0.8309
Melting point 24 °C (75 °F; 297 K)
Boiling point 259 °C (498 °F; 532 K)
Solubility in water 0.004 g/L[2]
Solubility in ethanol and diethyl ether Soluble
Hazards
R/S statement R36
Flash point 127 °C (261 °F; 400 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

Dodecanol (systematically named dodecan-1-ol) is an chemical formula CH3(CH2)10CH2OH (also written as C
12
H
26
O
). It is tasteless, colourless solid with a floral smell. It is classified as a fatty alcohol.

Production and use

Dodecanol is used to make surfactants, lubricating oils, pharmaceuticals, in the formation of monolithic polymers and as a flavor enhancing food additive. In cosmetics, dodecanol is used as an emollient.

It is also the precursor to dodecanal, an important fragrance.

In 1993, the European demand of dodecanol was around 60 thousand tons per year (Tt/a). It can be obtained from palm kernel or coconut oil fatty acids and methyl esters by hydrogenation.[3]

Toxicity

Dodecanol is a mild skin irritant. It has about half the toxicity of [4]

Mutual solubility with water

The mutual solubility of 1-dodecanol and water has been quantified as follows.[5]

Mutual Solubility of Water and 1-Dodecanol (98%, Melting Point 24 °C), Weight %
Temperature, °C Solubility of Dodecanol in Water Solubility of Water in Dodecanol
29.5 0.04 2.87
40.0 0.05 2.85
50.2 0.09 2.69
60.5 0.15 2.96
70.5 0.09 2.70
80.3 0.14 2.89
90.8 0.18 2.96
standard deviation 0.02 0.01

References

  1. ^ Merck Index, 12th Edition, 3464.
  2. ^ Record in the GESTIS Substance Database from the IFA
  3. ^ Klaus Noweck, Wolfgang Grafahrend, "Fatty Alcohols" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a10_277.pub2
  4. ^ MSDS Safety Sheet
  5. ^ Richard Stephenson and James Stuart, "Mutual Binary Solubilities: Water-Alcohols and Water-Esters", J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 56-70.

External links

  • MSDS at Oxford
  • MSDS at J.T. Baker