E3 Series Shinkansen
E3 series on an Akita Shinkansen Komachi service, March 2008
|Manufacturer||Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation|
|Number built||261 vehicles (41 sets)|
|Number in service||135 vehicles (20 sets) (as of 1 April 2015)|
|Number scrapped||126 vehicles|
|Formation||6 or 7 cars per trainset|
|Fleet numbers||R1–R26, L51–L55, L61–L72|
6-car R sets: 338 (23 Green + 315 Standard)
7-car L50 sets (E3-1000): 402 (23 Green + 379 Standard)
7-car L60 sets (E3-2000): 394 (23 Green + 371 Standard)
|Line(s) served||Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||20,050 to 23,070 mm (65 ft 9 in to 75 ft 8 in)|
|Width||2,945 mm (9 ft 8 in)|
|Doors||1 per side|
|Maximum speed||275 km/h (171 mph) (Tohoku Shinkansen), 130 km/h (81 mph) (Akita/Yamagata Shinkansen)|
6-car sets: 16 x 300 kW,
7-car sets: 20 x 300 kW
6-car sets: 4.8 MW (6,440 hp),
7-car sets: 6 MW (8,050 hp)
|Electric system(s)||20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Safety system(s)||ATC-2, DS-ATC, ATS-P|
|Multiple working||200 series, E2 series, E4 series, E5 series|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The E3 series (E3系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with the opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita upgraded to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge. Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tohoku Shinkansen, providing services south to Tokyo.
- Design 1
- Variants 2
- Pre-series set 3
E3 series "R" sets 4
- Formation 4.1
Fleet history 4.2
- Notes 4.2.1
- Interior 4.3
E3-1000 series 5
- Formation 5.1
- Interior 5.2
- Fleet history 5.3
- L54/L55 conversion details 5.4
E3-2000 series 6
- Formation 6.1
- Fleet history 6.2
- Interior 6.3
- Reliverying 6.4
E3-700 series Toreiyu excursion set 7
- Formation 7.1
- Genbi Shinkansen excursion set 8
- See also 9
- References 10
- External links 11
The design of the original Akita Shinkansen E3 series trains was overseen by industrial designer Kenji Ekuan. Like the 400 Series Shinkansen, these trains are built to a smaller loading gauge than mainline Shinkansen trains—the width and length of each car is reduced to fit on the narrower clearances of the "mini-shinkansen". Doorway steps fold out to bridge the gap between the narrow body and the platform at regular shinkansen stations.
- E3 series "R" sets: 26 x 6-car sets used on Akita Shinkansen Komachi services since 3 June 1997
- E3-1000 series "LR" sets: 3 x 7-car sets used on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services since 4 December 1999
- E3-2000 series "LR" sets: 12 x 7-car sets used on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services since 20 December 2008
- E3-700 series Toreiyu: 6-car excursion trainset used on Yamagata Shinkansen from July 2014
- E3 series Genbi Shinkansen: 6-car excursion trainset used on Joetsu Shinkansen from spring 2016
A pre-series 5-car set, numbered S8, was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries to Sendai Depot in March 1995 for extensive testing. It was modified to full-production specifications in March 1997 ahead of the start of Akita Shinkansen services.
Until it was augmented to six cars in 1998, the pre-series was formed as follows, with scissors-type pantographs on cars 12, 13, and 14. Set R1 was withdrawn following its final revenue run on 20 July 2013.
E3 series "R" sets
The full-production trainsets built from 1996 for the Akita Shinkansen were 5-car sets, but sixth cars were added by the end of 1998. A total of 26 Akita Shinkansen sets were in service by the end of 2005. Sets R1 to R16 are leased by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) from the owning company, Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū (秋田新幹線車両保有(株)), a third-sector company jointly owned by JR East and Akita Prefecture. This lease is scheduled to be terminated on 21 March 2010 with the dissolution of Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū.
The E3 series sets are scheduled to be phased out following the introduction of new E6 series sets from March 2013, with 19 sets (114 vehicles) scheduled to be withdrawn during fiscal 2013.
From the start of the 15 March 2014 timetable revision, E3 series trainsets were no longer used on Akita Shinkansen Komachi services. Two sets remained in service, used on Yamabiko and Nasuno services.
Cars 12 and 15 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.
The build details are as shown below. As of 1 April 2015, four of the original 26 sets are in operation.
|Set No.||Date delivered||Car 14 build date||Date withdrawn||Remarks|
|R1||28 March 1995||29 October 1998||26 August 2013||Pre-series set S8 (originally 5 cars with 3 pantographs)|
|R2||9 October 1996||1 November 1998||13 December 2013||Built as 5-car sets|
|R3||14 October 1996||4 November 1998||17 February 2014|
|R4||22 October 1996||6 November 1998||9 January 2014|
|R5||28 October 1996||9 November 1998||26 April 2013|
|R6||6 November 1996||12 November 1998||12 April 2013|
|R7||11 November 1996||22 November 1998||17 May 2013|
|R8||15 November 1996||24 November 1998||24 May 2013|
|R9||22 November 1996||26 November 1998||7 June 2013|
|R10||2 December 1996||28 November 1998||27 August 2013|
|R11||12 December 1996||30 October 1998||13 September 2013|
|R12||21 December 1996||17 November 1998||27 November 2013|
|R13||20 January 1997||5 December 1998||19 October 2013|
|R14||30 January 1997||14 November 1998||1 December 2013|
|R15||7 February 1997||16 November 1998||28 January 2014|
|R16||17 February 1997||19 November 1998||8 March 2014|
|R17||30 September 1998||
(6-car sets from new)
|26 July 2013|
|R18||23 October 2002||-||Converted 2014 to E3-700 series Toreiyu|
|R19||18 November 2002|
|R20||24 March 2003|
|R21||16 September 2003|
|R22||27 October 2003|
|R23||1 December 2003||-||Converted 2014 to become Set L55|
|R24||4 April 2005||4 December 2013[Note 1]||Converted 2014 to become Set L54|
|R25||11 July 2005||18 December 2013[Note 2]||Converted 2014 to become Set L54|
|R26||25 July 2005||-||Converted 2014 to become Set L55|
- Cars 11 and 14-16
- Car 14
Three 7-car E3-1000 sets (numbered L51 - L53) were built between 1999 and 2005 for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services from 4 December 1999 to augment the 400 series fleet following with the extension of the line to Shinjo. From 2014, a further two sets (L54 and L55) were introduced, reformed from withdrawn Akita Shinkansen E3-0 series "R" sets, to replace the two older sets L51 and L52.
The sets are formed as shown below, with five motored ("M") cars and two non-powered trailer ("T") cars, and car 11 at the Tokyo end.
Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.
The build details are as shown below.
|Set No.||Manufacturer||Date delivered||Date reliveried||Date withdrawn||Remarks|
|L51||Tokyu Car||11 August 1999||-||5 September 2014|
|L52||Kawasaki HI||11 September 1999||-||4 February 2015|
|L53||Tokyu Car||17 August 2005|
|L54||Kawasaki Heavy Industries||30 July 2014||30 July 2014||Rebuilt from sets R24+R25|
|L55||J-TREC||13 January 2015||13 January 2015||Rebuilt from sets R23+R26|
L54/L55 conversion details
The former identities of the cars reformed into sets L54 and L55 are as shown below.
|Set No.||Car No.||Running No.||Former set No.||Former car No.||Former running No.|
The first of a fleet of twelve new E3-2000 series 7-car sets entered service on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services on 20 December 2008. The new fleet totally replaced the older 400 series trains by summer 2009. The new trains incorporate design improvements, including active suspension, full-colour LED destination indicators, and AC power outlets in all cars. Seating capacity in cars 16 and 17 has been reduced by 4 (one row of seats) compared with the E3-1000 series to provide uniform seating pitch in all cars (seat pitch was previously reduced in non-reserved cars).
Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.
As of 1 April 2015, the E3-2000 series fleet is as follows.
|Set No.||Manufacturer||Date delivered||Date reliveried|
|L61||Kawasaki HI||9 October 2008|
|L62||Kawasaki HI||9 December 2008|
|L63||Kawasaki HI||7 January 2009|
|L64||Kawasaki HI||17 February 2009||25 April 2014|
|L65||Kawasaki HI||3 March 2009||6 June 2014|
|L66||Kawasaki HI||25 March 2009||22 October 2014|
|L67||Tokyu Car||28 March 2009||12 November 2014|
|L68||Kawasaki HI||14 April 2009||5 December 2014|
|L69||Kawasaki HI||19 May 2009||23 February 2015|
|L70||Kawasaki HI||30 June 2009|
|L71||Kawasaki HI||22 July 2009|
|L72||Kawasaki HI||25 March 2010|
From spring 2014, the entire fleet of 15 E3-1000 and E3-2000 series Tsubasa sets is scheduled to be reliveried in a new colour scheme designed by industrial designer Ken Okuyama. The new colour scheme uses white, evoking the snow of Mount Zao, deep purple inspired by the Mandarin duck, the prefectural bird for Yamagata Prefecture, together with yellow and red for the safflower, the prefectural flower of Yamagata Prefecture. The first reliveried set is scheduled to appear in late April. Three sets are scheduled to be repainted by June 2014, with the entire fleet of 15 sets repainted by mid 2016.
E3-700 series Toreiyu excursion set
This is a 6-car set rebuilt from former Akita Shinkansen trainset R18 as an excursion train named Toreiyu (とれいゆ) for use on the Yamagata Shinkansen between Fukushima and Shinjo, entering service from July 2014. The design work for the rebuilt train was overseen by industrial designer Ken Okuyama. The six-car set has a total seating capacity of 143 passengers. Car 11 is a standard-class car with reserved seating arranged 2+2 abreast, cars 12 to 14 feature Japanese-style tatami seating, car 15 is a lounge car with a bar counter, and car 16 has ashiyu foot baths. The name of the train is a portmanteau of the English word "train" and the French word "soleil" (sun). The train is normally used on special Toreiyu Tsubasa services running at weekends.
The Toreiyu set is based at Yamagata Depot and formed as shown below, with car 11 at the Fukushima end.
|Facilities||2+2 seating||Japanese-style seating||Japanese-style seating||Japanese-style seating||Lounge + bar counter||Ashiyu foot baths|
Genbi Shinkansen excursion set
This is a 6-car set converted into an excursion train named Genbi Shinkansen (現美新幹線) for use on the Joetsu Shinkansen between Echigo-Yuzawa and Niigata, mostly at weekends, entering service around spring 2016. The exterior livery will be designed by photographer Mika Ninagawa.
- "The Works of GK Design Group". GK Design Group Inc. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- 新幹線電車データブック2011 [Shinkansen Databook 2011]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. March 2011.
- "JR東日本E3系R1編成引退" [JR East E3 series set R1 retired]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese) (Japan: Denkisha Kenkyūkai) 63 (880): p.92. October 2013.
- JR電車編成表 2009夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. June 2009.
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- 2013年度総合車両センター関係業務改善が提案される [Work Improvements Proposed for General Rolling Stock Center in Fiscal 2013] (PDF). Danketsu (in Japanese). Japan: National Railway Workers' Union. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- 3月15日ダイヤ改正と各地の話題 [15 March timetable revision and topics from around the regions]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (361): p.13. May 2014.
- JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2013. p. 20.
- JR電車編成表 2015夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2015. p. 23, 26, 358.
- JR電車編成表 2014夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2014]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 30 May 2014. p. 20-24, 356.
- JR電車編成表 2013冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. November 2012. p. 24.
- "E3系 山形新幹線転用車両" [E3 series trains reallocated to Yamagata Shinkansen].
- JR電車編成表 2015冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 21 November 2014. p. 26, 357.
- "山形新幹線に新型車両" (New Trains for Yamagata Shinkansen). (20 December 2008). Retrieved on 20 December 2008. (Japanese)
- 山形新幹線「つばさ」用車両の新造について (PDF) (Press release) (in Japanese). JR East. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
- trains to be repainted]Tsubasa山形新幹線 「つばさ」塗装リニューアル [Yamagata Shinkansen . Kahoku Online Network (in Japanese). Japan: Kahoku Shimpo Publishing. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- "山形新幹線E3系のエクステリアデザインを変更" [Exterior design change for Yamagata Shinkansen E3 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Shiraishi, Hiroyuki (August 2014). 平成26年3月15日ダイヤ改正にともなうＪＲ東日本車両の動き [JR East fleet changes following 15 March 2014 timetable revision].
- to be introduced in Yamagata area]Toreiyu"山形エリアにE3系改造車「とれいゆ」を導入" [Rebuilt E3 series . Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- 山形新幹線に新たな魅力が誕生します！ [A new allure born on the Yamagata Shinkansen] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Genbi Shinkansen" (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Tsubasa/Yamabiko/NasunoE3 Series (Japanese)