Elias Magnus Fries

Elias Magnus Fries

Elias Magnus Fries
Born (1794-08-15)15 August 1794
Died 8 February 1878(1878-02-08) (aged 83)
Nationality Swedish
Fields Mycology, Botany
Institutions Lund University
Uppsala University
Alma mater Lund University
Known for Founder of modern fungal taxonomy
Author abbrev. (botany) Fr.

Elias Magnus Fries (15 August 1794 – 8 February 1878) was a Swedish mycologist and botanist.


He was born at Uppsala University. The position was changed to "professor of botany and applied economics" in 1851. That year he was also appointed director of the Uppsala University Botanical Garden. In 1853, he became rector of the University.[3] In 1821, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Fries most important works were the three-volume Systema mycologicum (1821–1832), Elenchus fungorum (1828), the two-volume Monographia hymenomycetum Sueciae (1857 and 1863) and Hymenomycetes Europaei (1874).[4]

Fries is considered to be, after Christian Hendrik Persoon, a founding father of the modern taxonomy of mushrooms. His taxonomy of mushrooms was influenced by Goethe and the German romantics. He utilized spore color and arrangement of the hymenophore (pores, gills, teeth etc.) as major taxonomic characteristics.

When he died, Johan Erhard Areschoug, after whom Theodor Magnus Fries, the son of Elias, held the chair.


  1. ^ "Fries, Elias Magnus".  
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  5. ^ The Times, Thursday, Feb 21, 1878; pg. 6; Issue 29184; col C
  6. ^ "'"Author Query for 'Fr..  

External links

  • "Elias Magnus Fries", Authors of fungal names, Mushroom, the Journal of Wild Mushrooming.
  • Web site of the Descendants of Elias Fries Association
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Erik Gustaf Geijer
Swedish Academy,
Seat No.14

Succeeded by
Carl Rupert Nyblom