in Russia. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1924.
  • Living My Life. New York: Knopf, 1931.
  • Voltairine de Cleyre. Berkeley Heights, New Jersey: Oriole Press, 1932.
  • Edited collections

    • Red Emma Speaks: Selected Writings and Speeches. New York: Random House, 1972. ISBN 0-394-47095-8.
    • Emma Goldman: A Documentary History Of The American Years, Volume 1 – Made for America, 1890–1901. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. ISBN 0-520-08670-8.
    • Emma Goldman: A Documentary History Of The American Years, Volume 2 – Making Speech Free, 1902–1909. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. ISBN 0-520-22569-4.
    • Emma Goldman: A Documentary History of the American Years, Volume 3 – Light and Shadows, 1910–1916. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2012. ISBN 0-8047-7854-X.

    See also

    Notes

    1. ^ Diggs, Nancy Brown (1998). Steel Butterflies: Japanese Women and the American Experience. Albany: State Univ. of New York Press. p. 99.  
    2. ^ a b University of Illinois at Chicago Biography of Emma Goldman. UIC Library Emma Goldman Collection. Retrieved on December 13, 2008.
    3. ^ Streitmatter, Rodger (2001). Voices of Revolution: The Dissident Press in America. New York:  
    4. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 24.
    5. ^ a b c Goldman, Living, p. 447.
    6. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 5.
    7. ^ The order of birth is unclear; Wexler (in Intimate, p. 13) notes that although Goldman writes of herself as her mother's fourth child, her brother Louis (who died at the age of six) was probably born after her.
    8. ^ Chalberg, p. 13.
    9. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 12.
    10. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 11.
    11. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 12.
    12. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 13–14.
    13. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 20.
    14. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 28.
    15. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 6–7.
    16. ^ Chalberg, p. 15.
    17. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 12.
    18. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 23–26.
    19. ^ a b Chalberg, p. 16.
    20. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 22.
    21. ^ Falk, Love, p. 14.
    22. ^ a b Goldman, Living, p. 23.
    23. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 27.
    24. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 30–31.
    25. ^ Falk, Love, pp. 15–16.
    26. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 15–17.
    27. ^ Chalberg, p. 27.
    28. ^ Chalberg, pp. 27–28.
    29. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 40.
    30. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 51.
    31. ^ a b Goldman, Living, p. 52.
    32. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 54.
    33. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 53.
    34. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 57.
    35. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 57–58.
    36. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 61–62.
    37. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 63.
    38. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 63–65.
    39. ^ a b Goldman, Living, p. 91.
    40. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 45.
    41. ^ Chalberg, pp. 42–43; Falk, Love, p. 25; Wexler, Intimate, p. 65.
    42. ^ "Alexander Berkman, the Anarchist, to Be Deported; Case of Emma Goldman Now Up for Decision". The New York Times. November 26, 1919. 
    43. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 106.
    44. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 65.
    45. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 65–66.
    46. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 105.
    47. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 66.
    48. ^ "Panic of 1893". Ohio History Central. Ohio Historical Society, 2007. Retrieved on December 18, 2007.
    49. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 46.
    50. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 123.
    51. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 58–59.
    52. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 76.
    53. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 57.
    54. ^ Nellie Bly, "Nelly Bly Again: She Interviews Emma Goldman and Other Anarchists", New York World, September 17, 1893.
    55. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 60.
    56. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 78.
    57. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 78–79.
    58. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 84–89.
    59. ^ Chalberg, pp. 65–66.
    60. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 68.
    61. ^ Chalberg, p. 73.
    62. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 104.
    63. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 103–104.
    64. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 300.
    65. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 76.
    66. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 74.
    67. ^ a b Chalberg, p. 78.
    68. ^ Falk, The American Years, p. 461.
    69. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 106–112.
    70. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 81.
    71. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 318.
    72. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 115.
    73. ^ Falk, Making Speech Free, p. 557.
    74. ^ Chalberg, pp. 84–87.
    75. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 87.
    76. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 377.
    77. ^ Chalberg, pp. 88–91.
    78. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 121–130.
    79. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 384.
    80. ^ Chalberg, p. 94.
    81. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 97–98.
    82. ^ Quoted in Goldman, Living, p. 391.
    83. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, p. 98.
    84. ^ Chalberg, p. 97.
    85. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 135–137.
    86. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 166.
    87. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 168.
    88. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 140–147.
    89. ^ a b Goldman, Anarchism, p. 49.
    90. ^ Alice S. Rossi. The Feminist Papers: From Adams to de Beauvoir. Lebanon, New Hampshire: Northeastern University Press, 1988, p. 507
    91. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 210.
    92. ^ "Today in History: February 11". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 28, 2014. 
    93. ^ Wexler, Intimate, pp. 211–215.
    94. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 186–187; Wexler, Intimate, p. 230.
    95. ^ Berkman, p. 155.
    96. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 186–187.
    97. ^ Chalberg, p. 129.
    98. ^ a b "Emma Goldman and A. Berkman Behind the Bars". The New York Times. June 16, 1917. Retrieved December 17, 2007. 
    99. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 232.
    100. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 134.
    101. ^ Shaw, Francis H. (July 1964). "The Trials of Emma Goldman, Anarchist". The Review of Politics 26 (3): 444–445.  
    102. ^ Trial and Speeches of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman in the United States District Court, in the City of New York, July, 1917 (New York: Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1917)
    103. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 235–244.
    104. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 141.
    105. ^ Chalberg, pp. 141–142.
    106. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 253–263.
    107. ^ Quoted in Drinnon, Rebel, p. 215.
    108. ^ "Deportation Defied by Emma Goldman". The New York Times. October 28, 1919. Retrieved February 4, 2010. 
    109. ^ "Will Fight Deportation". The New York Times. December 1, 1919. Retrieved February 4, 2010. 
    110. ^ Post, pp. 13–14.
    111. ^ McCormick, pp. 158–163.
    112. ^ a b Ark' with 300 Reds Sails Early Today for Unnamed Port"'". The New York Times. December 21, 1919. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
    113. ^ Clay, Steven E. (2011). U. S. Army Order Of Battle 1919-1941. Volume 4. The Services: Quartermaster, Medical, Military Police, Signal Corps, Chemical Warfare, And Miscellaneous Organizations, 1919-41 4. Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027: Combat Studies Institute Press.  
    114. ^ Post, p. 4.
    115. ^ Murray, 208-9
    116. ^ "Soviet Ark Lands its Reds in Finland". The New York Times. January 18, 1920. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
    117. ^ Murray, pp. 207–208.
    118. ^ Post, pp. 1–11.
    119. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 243.
    120. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 17.
    121. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 150.
    122. ^ a b c Goldman, Emma. Living My Life. 1931. New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1970. ISBN 0-486-22543-7.
    123. ^ Quoted in Drinnon, Rebel, p. 235.
    124. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 236–237.
    125. ^ Quoted in Drinnon, Rebel, p. 237.
    126. ^ Wexler, Exile, pp. 47–49.
    127. ^ Wexler, Exile, pp. 56–58.
    128. ^ Chalberg, pp. 161–162.
    129. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 96.
    130. ^ Falk, Love, pp. 209–210.
    131. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 111.
    132. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 115.
    133. ^ Quoted in Chalberg, p. 164.
    134. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 122.
    135. ^ Mary V. Dearborn, Mistress of Modernism: The Life of Peggy Guggenheim, Houghton Mifflin, 2004, pp.61–62
    136. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 135.
    137. ^ Chalberg, pp. 165–166.
    138. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 154.
    139. ^ Wexler, Exile, pp. 158–164.
    140. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 298–300.
    141. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 301–302.
    142. ^ Quoted in Wexler, p. 232.
    143. ^ Quoted in Drinnon, Rebel, p. 303.
    144. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 205.
    145. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 209.
    146. ^ Wexler, Exile, pp. 209–210.
    147. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 216.
    148. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 222.
    149. ^ Quoted in Wexler, p. 226.
    150. ^ Both quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 232.
    151. ^ a b Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 236.
    152. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Exile, p. 240.
    153. ^ Wexler, pp. 240–241.
    154. ^ "Emma Goldman, Anarchist, Dead. Internationally Known Figure, Deported From The U.S., Is Stricken In Toronto. Disillusioned By Soviets Opposed Lenin And Trotsky As Betrayers Of Socialism Through Despotism.". The New York Times. May 14, 1940. Retrieved April 20, 2008. Emma Goldman, internationally known anarchist, died early today at her home here after an illness of several months. She was 70 years old. 
    155. ^ Drinnon, Rebel, pp. 312–313.
    156. ^ Goldman, Living, 194.
    157. ^ Goldman, Anarchism, p. 62.
    158. ^ a b Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 92.
    159. ^ Goldman, Living, p. 56.
    160. ^ a b Goldman, Living, p. 88.
    161. ^ Goldman, Anarchism, p. 79.
    162. ^ Goldman, Disillusionment, pp. 260–264.
    163. ^ My Disillusionment in Russia"Preface to First Volume of American Edition" for (Emma Goldman Papers Project, University of California-Berkeley).
    164. ^ a b Goldman, Anarchism, p. 54.
    165. ^ Wexler, Intimate, p. 91.
    166. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 167.
    167. ^ Goldman, Anarchism, p. 205.
    168. ^ Goldman, Anarchism, p. 198.
    169. ^ Goldman, Anarchism, p. 120.
    170. ^ See generally Living My Life.
    171. ^ See Geoffrey R. Stone, Perilous Times: Free Speech in Wartime, From the Sedition Act of 1798 to the War on Terrorism (2004), pp. 139–152 (discussing persecution of Goldman and other anti-war activists, and the passage of the Espionage Act of 1917).
    172. ^ Falk, Making Speech Free.
    173. ^ David M. Rabban, Free Speech In Its Forgotten Years (1997).
    174. ^ Christopher M. Finan, From the Palmer Raids to the Patriot Act: A History of the Fight for Free Speech in America, p. 18.
    175. ^ Marshall, p. 409.
    176. ^ Quoted in Wexler, Intimate, p. 94.
    177. ^ Goldman, Anarchism, p. 224.
    178. ^ See generally Haaland; Goldman, "The Traffic in Women"; Goldman, "On Love".
    179. ^ Katz, Jonathan Ned (1992). Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. New York City: Penguin Books. pp. 376–380. 
    180. ^ a b Goldman, Emma (1923). "Offener Brief an den Herausgeber der Jahrbücher über Louise Michel" with a preface by Magnus Hirschfeld. Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen 23: 70. Translated from German by James Steakley. Goldman's original letter in English is not known to be extant.
    181. ^ Goldman, Emma (February 1916). "The Philosophy of Atheism". Mother Earth. Retrieved December 7, 2007. 
    182. ^ Goldman, "The Failure of Christianity". Mother Earth, April 1913.
    183. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 41.
    184. ^  
    185. ^ Marshall, pp. 396–401.
    186. ^ Shulman, Alix Kates. "Dances with Feminists". Women's Review of Books, Vol. IX, #3. December 1991. Available at the Emma Goldman Papers. Retrieved on December 13, 2007.
    187. ^ a b Wexler, Exile, p. 1.
    188. ^ Marshall, pp. 408–409.
    189. ^  
    190. ^  
    191. ^ Lynn Rogoff at doollee.com: The Playwrights Database
    192. ^ Wexler, Exile, p. 249.
    193. ^  
    194. ^ "About Us". The Emma Goldman Clinic. 2007. Retrieved on December 15, 2007.
    195. ^ "Red Emma's Bookstore Coffeehouse: Who is Red Emma?".  
    196. ^ a b John Clark (14 May 2007). "Remembering Helen Hill: A New Orleans community comes together after the murder of a friend and activist". Divergences. 
    197. ^ Goldman, Emma (1932). "Voltairine de Cleyre". Berkeley Heights, New Jersey: Oriole Press.  

    Sources

    • Avrich, Paul. The Haymarket Tragedy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984. ISBN 0-691-04711-1.
    • Berkman, Alexander. Life of an Anarchist: The Alexander Berkman Reader. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows Press, 1992. ISBN 1-888363-17-7.
    • Chalberg, John. Emma Goldman: American Individualist. New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 1991. ISBN 0-673-52102-8.
    • Drinnon, Richard. Rebel in Paradise: A Biography of Emma Goldman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961. OCLC 266217.
    • Drinnon, Richard and Anna Maria, eds. Nowhere At Home: Letters from Exile of Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman. New York: Schocken Books, 1975. OCLC 1055309.
    • Falk, Candace, et al. Emma Goldman: A Documentary History Of The American Years, Volume 1 – Made for America, 1890–1901. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. ISBN 0-520-08670-8.
    • Falk, Candace, et al. Emma Goldman: A Documentary History Of The American Years, Volume 2 – Making Speech Free, 1902–1909. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. ISBN 0-520-22569-4.
    • Falk, Candace Serena. Love, Anarchy, and Emma Goldman. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-8135-1512-2.
    • Glassgold, Peter, ed. Anarchy! An Anthology of Emma Goldman's Mother Earth. Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 2001. ISBN 1-58243-040-3.
    • Goldman, Emma. Anarchism and Other Essays. 3rd ed. 1917. New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1969. ISBN 0-486-22484-8.
    • Goldman, Emma. Living My Life. 1931. New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1970. ISBN 0-486-22543-7.
    • Goldman, Emma. My Disillusionment in Russia. 1923. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1970. OCLC 76645.
    • Goldman, Emma. Red Emma Speaks. ed. Alix Kates Shulman. New York: Random House, 1972. ISBN 0-394-47095-8.
    • Goldman, Emma. The Social Significance of Modern Drama. 1914. New York: Applause Theatre Book Publishers, 1987. ISBN 0-936839-61-9.
    • Goldman, Emma. The Traffic in Women, and Other Essays on Feminism. Albion, CA: Times Change Press, 1970. ISBN 0-87810-001-6.
    • Goldman, Emma. The Tragedy of Woman's Emancipation. New York: Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1906. OCLC 15865931
    • Goldman, Emma. Vision on Fire: Emma Goldman on the Spanish Revolution. ed. David Porter. New Paltz, NY: Commonground Press, 1983. ISBN 0-9610348-2-3.
    • Haaland, Bonnie. Emma Goldman: Sexuality and the Impurity of the State. Montréal, New York, London: Black Rose Books, 1993. ISBN 1-895431-64-6.
    • Marsh, Margaret S. Anarchist Women 1870–1920. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981. ISBN 0-87722-202-9.
    • Marshall, Peter. Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism. London: HarperCollins, 1992. ISBN 0-00-217855-9.
    • McCormick, Charles H. Seeing Reds: Federal Surveillance of Radicals in the Pittsburgh Mill District, 1917–1921. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.
    • Moritz, Theresa. The World's Most Dangerous Woman: A New Biography of Emma Goldman. Vancouver: Subway Books, 2001. ISBN 0-9681660-7-5.
    • Murray, Robert K. Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919–1920. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1955. ISBN 0-313-22673-3
    • Post, Louis F. The Deportations Delirium of Nineteen-twenty: A Personal Narrative of an Historic Official Experience. NY, 1923.
    • Solomon, Martha. Emma Goldman. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1987. ISBN 0-8057-7494-7.
    • Weiss, Penny A. and Loretta Kensinger, eds. Feminist Interpretations of Emma Goldman. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-271-02976-5.
    • Wexler, Alice. Emma Goldman: An Intimate Life. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984. ISBN 0-394-52975-8. Republished as Emma Goldman in America. Boston: Beacon Press, 1984. ISBN 0-8070-7003-3.
    • Wexler, Alice. Emma Goldman in Exile: From the Russian Revolution to the Spanish Civil War. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8070-7004-1.

    Further reading

    • Avrich, Paul; Avrich, Karen (2012). Sasha and Emma: The Anarchist Odyssey of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.  

    External links

    • Works by Emma Goldman at Project Gutenberg
    • Emma Goldman Papers Project at UC Berkeley
    • Emma Goldman entry at the Anarchy Archives
    • Works by Emma Goldman at the Anarchist Library
    • Anarchism and Other Essays from American Studies at the University of Virginia
    • My Disillusionment in Russia by Emma Goldman
    • Emma Goldman Papers. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
    • Emma Goldman "Women of Valor" exhibit at the Jewish Women's Archive
    • "Emma Goldman". Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive.