|Stadium||University of Phoenix Stadium|
|Previous stadiums||Sun Devil Stadium (1971–2006)|
|Previous locations||Tempe, Arizona (1971–2006)|
|Conference tie-ins||At-large/Group of Five (2015–present)|
|Previous conference tie-ins||WAC (1971–1978), Big 12 (1997–2014)|
|Payout||US$17 million (As of 2009)|
Fiesta Bowl (1971–1985)
Sunkist Fiesta Bowl (1986–1990)
Fiesta Bowl (1991–1992)
IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl (1993–1995)
Tostitos Fiesta Bowl (1996–2014)
Vizio Fiesta Bowl (2015)
|Boise State vs. Arizona (Boise State 38–30)|
The Fiesta Bowl is an American college football bowl game played annually at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. Between its origination in 1971 and 2006, the game was hosted in Tempe, Arizona at Sun Devil Stadium.
Vizio served as the title sponsor for the 2014 game. From 1996 until 2014, Frito-Lay was the bowl's title sponsor through its Tostitos tortilla chip brand. Previous sponsors included Sunkist and IBM.
In 1998, the Fiesta Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), and before 2015 every four years (most recently in 2010) was the designee for the national championship game. Beginning with the 2014 season, Fiesta Bowl became a member of College Football Playoff, hosting a semifinal game every three years, and all the teams playing in this bowl will be selected by the CFP Selection Committee.
- Origins (1968-1971) 1.1
- 1970s 1.2
- 1980s 1.3
- 1990s 1.4
- 2000s 1.5
- 2010s 1.6
- Invitations 2.1
- Financial scandals 2.2
- Broadcasting 3
- Parade 4
- Game results 5
- Game MVPs 6
- Appearances by team 7
- Appearances by conference 8
- Game records 9
- See also 10
- References 11
- External links 12
The Fiesta Bowl was born from the Western Athletic Conference's frustrated attempts to obtain bowl invitations for its champions. In 1968 and 1969 respectively, champions Wyoming and Arizona State failed to secure any bowl selection. The next year, undefeated Arizona State was bypassed by the major bowls and had to settle for an appearance in the less prestigious Peach Bowl. The Fiesta Bowl therefore initially provided an automatic berth for the WAC champion.
In its first decade of existence, the Fiesta Bowl was played in the last week of December (including the afternoon of Christmas Day from 1976 to 1979). The 1971 inaugural game featured another top-ten Arizona State squad against top-twenty opponent Florida State. The 1974 game featured WAC champ BYU and their new coach, future Hall of Fame member Lavell Edwards in their first ever bowl game vs. Oklahoma State. BYU was in control until BYU's first All-American quarterback Gary Sheide went down with a leg injury and eventually lost 16-6. By 1975, the game was able to attract Big Eight co-champion Nebraska to play undefeated Arizona State in a matchup of top-five teams. In 1977, the game was again able to attract a top-five opponent in Penn State, despite WAC champion #16 BYU refusing to play in the bowl due to it being held on Sunday.
The game continued to attract high quality matchups, so beginning with the 1981 game the Fiesta Bowl shifted to New Year's Day alongside the major bowl games—the Cotton, Orange, Sugar, and Rose. The Fiesta Bowl was the first bowl game to acquire a title sponsor when it became the Sunkist Fiesta Bowl starting with the 1986 game.
A major breakthrough occurred after the 1986 season when the top two teams in the country, Miami and Penn State, agreed to play for the de facto national championship in the Fiesta Bowl. At the time, the traditional four "major" bowl games granted automatic bids to their conference champions. Both Miami and Penn State were independents at that time, and were thus free to choose a bowl. As such, the Fiesta Bowl and the Florida Citrus Bowl, each free from the obligation of conference tie-ins, vied to host the Miami-Penn State matchup in order to ensure that they would meet on the field. The Fiesta Bowl won the bidding and the game was set to be played on January 2, 1987—a day after the "big four" bowls. Penn State won 14–10 over Miami, and the game drew the largest television audience in the history of college football at the time. Two years later, #1 Notre Dame played undefeated #3 West Virginia for the national championship at the 1989 Fiesta Bowl.
The 1987 and 1989 games were two of four straight matchups of teams ranked in the AP Top 10 going into the bowl season to close out the 1980s. This significantly increased the Fiesta Bowl's prestige, to the point that it was now considered a major bowl by many fans and pundits.
Before the 1991 game, several major universities declined invitations due to the State of Arizona's decision at that time not to adopt the Martin Luther King Holiday. However, in 1992, the Fiesta Bowl was invited to participate in the Bowl Coalition, a predecessor to the Bowl Championship Series. This assured the game would feature major conference champions or prestigious runners-up and cemented its status as a major bowl. When the Bowl Coalition was reconfigured as the Bowl Alliance, the Fiesta was included as one of the three top games.
In 1996, it hosted the Bowl Alliance National Championship game featuring undefeated #1 Nebraska playing undefeated #2 Florida for the National Championship. Finally, with the addition of the Big Ten and Pac-10 conferences to the new Bowl Championship Series, the Fiesta Bowl became a permanent fixture in the four-year BCS National Championship Game rotation. In 1998, the Fiesta Bowl featured the first BCS National Championship Game, which Tennessee won over Florida State, 23 to 16.
Starting with the 1999 season, the Fiesta Bowl began hosting the Big 12 Conference champion in years when it was not slated as the BCS title game, an arrangement that continued to the end of the BCS era.
In 2002, the Fiesta Bowl had the right to take the Pac-10 Conference Champion, should that team not reach the Rose Bowl, which served as the National Championship game that season. Oregon failed to qualify for the championship game, and thus played Colorado in the Fiesta Bowl. A similar arrangement was made for the 2006 Fiesta Bowl. However, instead of gaining the Pac-10 Conference champion in addition to their usual tie-in with the Big 12, the Fiesta Bowl would have had a choice of the two teams. This turned out to be a moot point as both the Big 12 champion Texas and Pac-10 champion Southern California qualified for the National Championship Game (USC's participation has since been vacated).
The BCS National Championship game returned to the Fiesta Bowl in 2003 with the Big Ten champions Ohio State Buckeyes beating the Big East champions Miami Hurricanes in the first overtime national championship game. The game went into double overtime with the Buckeyes coming out on top 31–24 to claim the 2002 National Championship.
The Fiesta Bowl was the first BCS bowl to have had an entry from outside the parameters of the BCS (the Big 12, Big Ten, Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Southeastern Conference (SEC), Pac-10, Big East, and Notre Dame have tie-ins, while all of the other conferences do not). The 2005 game saw undefeated Utah become the first non-BCS school ever to play in a BCS game, easily defeating Big East champion Pittsburgh 35–7.
In 2007, the Fiesta Bowl game was played for the first time at the new University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona, across the Phoenix metropolitan area from Sun Devil Stadium. The undefeated Boise State Broncos won by defeating the Oklahoma Sooners 43–42 in overtime. It has been called one of the greatest college football games ever played, due to the combination of an underdog team, trick plays, comebacks by each team, and a thrilling overtime finish.
The 2010 Fiesta Bowl took featured #6 Boise State defeating #4 TCU, 17-10. It was the first time a BCS bowl matched-up two non-automatic qualifying teams (i.e. two teams from conferences without automatic BCS bids) and the first time that two teams who went undefeated faced each other in a BCS game outside of the National Championship.In 2011 Oklahoma State defeated Stanford 41-38. notable players Oklahoma State- Brandon Weeden and Justin Blackmon. Notable players Stanford- Andrew Luck.
In 1996, a group of students from Brigham Young University, led by BYU professor Dennis Martin, burned bags of Tostitos tortilla chips in a bonfire and called for a boycott of all Tostitos products. This came after #5 ranked BYU was not invited to play in the 1996 Fiesta Bowl in favor of #7 ranked Penn State. This event is one of those referred to by proponents of college football implementing a playoff series rather than the controversial Bowl Alliance. Penn State went on to win the game over #20 Texas 38-15, while BYU defeated #14 Kansas State in the Cotton Bowl Classic 19-15.
For the 2010 Fiesta Bowl, the selections of TCU and Boise State caused a great deal of controversy. For the first and only time in the BCS era, two "non-BCS" or "non-AQ" teams were chosen to play in BCS bowls in the same bowl season: however, they ended up facing each other in this bowl. Because both non-AQ teams were placed in the same bowl game, the bowl was derisively referred to as the "Separate But Equal Bowl", the "Quarantine Bowl", the "Fiasco Bowl", the "BCS Kids' Table", etc. Some had called for a boycott because of this. There was wide speculation that the BCS bowl selection committees maneuvered TCU and Boise State into the same bowl so as to deny them the chances to "embarrass" two AQ conference representatives in separate bowls, as Boise State had done in the 2007 Fiesta Bowl and Utah had done in the 2005 Fiesta Bowl and 2009 Sugar Bowl (prior to the game, non-AQ teams were 3–1 versus AQ teams in BCS bowls). In response, Fiesta Bowl CEO John Junker called those allegations "the biggest load of crap that I've ever heard in my life" and said that "We're in the business of doing things that are on behalf of our bowl game and we don't do the bidding of someone else to our detriment." Beyond the unappealing nature of "David vs. David" contest which resulted from this pairing in a major bowl, the appeal was further diminished due to the fact that it was a rematch of the Poinsettia Bowl from the previous bowl season.
In 2009, in the weeks prior to the 2010 Fiesta Bowl, past and present Fiesta Bowl employees alleged that they were encouraged to help maintain its position as one of the four
- Fiesta Bowl
- "Real Insight. Real Fans. Real Conversations". Sporting News. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- "Vizio to sponsor Fiesta Bowl".
- "Fiesta Bowl Announces VIZIO Partnership" (Press release). Fiesta Bowl. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Fiesta Bowl, Cactus Bowl both looking for new naming rights sponsors". Phoenix Business Journal. Retrieved 2015-05-05.
- "Oregon clinches berth in Fiesta Bowl; National title still a possibility". The Seattle Times. November 17, 2001.
- Thamel, Pete (2007-01-02). "Playbook Full of Tricks Gives Boise State Dramatic and Defining Victory". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-01-02.
- 1996 AP archives. December 11, 1996. Honolulu Star-Bulletin
- Weinreb, Michael. "The Night College Football Went To Hell". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
- Matthew Sanderson (2009-12-07). "Boise Is In, But BCS Still Flawed". RealClearSports. Archived from the original on 11 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
- "Pre-Bowl Thoughts - 2010 Fiesta Bowl".
- Al Namias IV (2009-12-07). "Poinsettia Bowl: 2008 Redux". Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on 10 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
- "Instant Analysis - The Bowl Announcement".
- Graham Watson (December 7, 2009). "Fiesta Bowl wasn't looking at the non-AQ distinction".
- "Fiesta Bowl employees say bowl repaid political contributions".
- "Fiesta Bowl Scandal Causes Stir".
- "Fiesta Bowl finds no wrongdoing after allegations of illegal political donations".
- Murphy, Austin, and Dan Wetzel, "Does It Matter?", Sports Illustrated, 15 November 2010, p. 45.
- "Final Report" (PDF).
- "Fiesta Bowl fires CEO John Junker",
- BCS confident it could cut ties with Fiesta Bowl if deemed necessary
- Wetzel, Dan, "BCS conducts shallow probe as party rages on", Yahoo! Sports, retrieved on 31 March 2011.
- Associated Press, "Fiesta Bowl names new president", Japan Times, 15 June 2011, p. 15.
- Harris, Craig (February 22, 2012). "Former Fiesta Bowl CEO John Junker pleads guilty to felony".
- Harris, Craig (May 22, 2012). "Sentencing postponed for former Fiesta Bowl exec Wisneski".
- Associated Press (2014-01-01). "John Junker update: Sentencing delay sought for ex-Fiesta Bowl chief". 'ABC15Arizona.com. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
- Associated Press (2014-03-13). "Ex-Fiesta Bowl chief headed to prison". ESPN. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Associated Press (2014-03-20). "Ex-CEO of Fiesta Bowl sentenced". ESPN. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
- Fox pulls out of bidding for next round of BCS games
- "BCS National Championship and Bowl Games on ESPN Deportes". ESPN. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
|Team||Performance vs. Opponent||Year|
|Most points scored||52, UCF vs. Baylor (42)||2014|
|Fewest points allowed||0, Arizona (29) vs. Miami||1994|
33, Texas vs. Ohio State
33, Arizona State vs. Missouri
|Rushing yards||524, Nebraska vs. Florida||1996|
|Passing yards||458, Louisville vs. Alabama||1991|
|Total yards||718, Arizona State vs. Missouri||1972|
|Individual||Performance, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Total Offense||431, Browning Nagle, Louisville vs. Alabama (39 plays)||1991|
|Rushing Yards||245, Marcus Dupree, Oklahoma vs. Arizona State (17 att., 0 TD)||1983|
|Rushing TDs||4, Woody Green, Arizona State vs. Missouri||1972|
|Long plays||Performance, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Touchdown run||94, De'Anthony Thomas, Oregon vs. Kansas State||2013|
|Touchdown pass||85, Troy Smith to Santonio Holmes, Ohio State vs. Notre Dame||2006|
|American Athletic Conference||1||1||1||0||0||1.000|
|Atlantic Coast Conference||1||1||0||1||0||.000|
|Big 8 Conference||5||11||4||7||0||.364|
|Big 12 Conference||7||12||5||7||0||.417|
|Big East Conference||5||7||2||5||0||.286|
|Big Ten Conference||3||8||6||2||0||.750|
|Mountain West Conference||3||3||2||1||0||.667|
|Western Athletic Conference||4||9||6||3||0||.667|
Appearances by conference
Appearances by team
|December 27, 1971||Gary Huff||Florida State||QB|
|Junior Ah You||Arizona State||DE|
|December 23, 1972||Woody Green||Arizona State||HB|
|December 21, 1973||Greg Hudson||Arizona State||SE|
|Mike Haynes||Arizona State||CB|
|December 28, 1974||Kenny Walker||Oklahoma State||RB|
|Phil Dokes||Oklahoma State||DT|
|December 26, 1975||John Jefferson||Arizona State||WR|
|Larry Gordon||Arizona State||LB|
|December 25, 1976||Thomas Lott||Oklahoma||QB|
|December 25, 1977||Matt Millen||Penn State||LB|
|Dennis Sproul||Arizona State||QB|
|December 25, 1978||James Owens||UCLA||RB|
|December 25, 1979||Mark Schubert||Pittsburgh||K|
|December 26, 1980||Curt Warner||Penn State||RB|
|Frank Case||Penn State||DE|
|January 1, 1982||Curt Warner||Penn State||RB|
|Leo Wisniewski||Penn State||NT|
|January 1, 1983||Marcus Dupree||Oklahoma||RB|
|Jim Jeffcoat||Arizona State||DL|
|January 2, 1984||John Congemi||Pittsburgh||QB|
|Rowland Tatum||Ohio State||LB|
|January 1, 1985||Gaston Green||UCLA||TB|
|January 1, 1986||Jamie Morris||Michigan||RB|
|January 2, 1987||D.J. Dozier||Penn State||RB|
|Shane Conlan||Penn State||LB|
|January 1, 1988||Danny McManus||Florida State||QB|
|January 2, 1989||Tony Rice||Notre Dame||QB|
|Frank Stams||Notre Dame||DE|
|January 1, 1990||Peter Tom Willis||Florida State||QB|
|Odell Haggins||Florida State||NG|
|January 1, 1991||Browning Nagle||Louisville||QB|
|January 1, 1992||O.J. McDuffie||Penn State||WR|
|Reggie Givens||Penn State||OLB|
|January 1, 1993||Marvin Graves||Syracuse||QB|
|January 1, 1994||Chuck Levy||Arizona||RB|
|January 2, 1995||Kordell Stewart||Colorado||QB|
|January 2, 1996||Tommie Frazier||Nebraska||QB|
|January 1, 1997||Curtis Enis||Penn State||TB|
|Brandon Noble||Penn State||DT|
|December 31, 1997||Michael Bishop||Kansas State||QB|
|Travis Ochs||Kansas State||LB|
|January 4, 1999||Peerless Price||Tennessee||WR|
|January 2, 2000||Eric Crouch||Nebraska||QB|
|January 1, 2001||Jonathan Smith||Oregon State||QB|
|Darnell Robinson||Oregon State||LB|
|January 1, 2002||Joey Harrington||Oregon||QB|
|January 3, 2003||Craig Krenzel||Ohio State||QB|
|Mike Doss||Ohio State||SS|
|January 2, 2004||Craig Krenzel||Ohio State||QB|
|A.J. Hawk||Ohio State||OLB|
|January 1, 2005||Alex Smith||Utah||QB|
|January 2, 2006||Troy Smith||Ohio State||QB|
|A.J. Hawk||Ohio State||OLB|
|January 1, 2007||Jared Zabransky||Boise State||QB|
|Marty Tadman||Boise State||S|
|January 2, 2008||Pat White||West Virginia||QB|
|Reed Williams||West Virginia||OLB|
|January 5, 2009||Colt McCoy||Texas||QB|
|January 4, 2010||Kyle Efaw||Boise State||TE|
|Brandyn Thompson||Boise State||CB|
|January 1, 2011||Landry Jones||Oklahoma||QB|
|January 2, 2012||Justin Blackmon||Oklahoma State||WR|
|Justin Gilbert||Oklahoma State||CB|
|January 3, 2013||Marcus Mariota||Oregon||QB|
|January 1, 2014||Blake Bortles||UCF||QB|
|December 31, 2014||Thomas Sperbeck||Boise State||WR|
|Tanner Vallejo||Boise State||LB|
* Denotes BCS National Championship Game
^ Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship Game
|Date played||Winning team||Losing team||Notes|
|December 27, 1971||#8 Arizona State||45||Florida State||38||Notes|
|December 23, 1972||#15 Arizona State||49||Missouri||35||Notes|
|December 21, 1973||#10 Arizona State||28||Pittsburgh||7||Notes|
|December 28, 1974||Oklahoma State||16||#17 BYU||6||Notes|
|December 26, 1975||#7 Arizona State||17||#6 Nebraska||14||Notes|
|December 25, 1976||#8 Oklahoma||41||Wyoming||7||Notes|
|December 25, 1977||#8 Penn State||42||#15 Arizona State||30||Notes|
|December 25, 1978||#8 Arkansas||10||#15 UCLA||10||Notes|
|December 25, 1979||#10 Pittsburgh||16||Arizona||10||Notes|
|December 26, 1980||#10 Penn State||31||#11 Ohio State||19||Notes|
|January 1, 1982||#7 Penn State||26||#8 Southern California||10||Notes|
|January 1, 1983||#11 Arizona State||32||#12 Oklahoma||21||Notes|
|January 2, 1984||#14 Ohio State||28||#15 Pittsburgh||23||Notes|
|January 1, 1985||#14 UCLA||39||#13 Miami||37||Notes|
|January 1, 1986||#5 Michigan||27||#7 Nebraska||23||Notes|
|January 2, 1987||#2 Penn State||14||#1 Miami||10||Notes|
|January 1, 1988||#3 Florida State||31||#5 Nebraska||28||Notes|
|January 2, 1989||#1 Notre Dame||34||#3 West Virginia||21||Notes|
|January 1, 1990||#5 Florida State||41||#6 Nebraska||17||Notes|
|January 1, 1991||#18 Louisville||34||#25 Alabama||7||Notes|
|January 1, 1992||#6 Penn State||42||#10 Tennessee||17||Notes|
|January 1, 1993||#6 Syracuse||26||#10 Colorado||22||Notes|
|January 1, 1994||#16 Arizona||29||#10 Miami||0||Notes|
|January 2, 1995||#4 Colorado||41||Notre Dame||24||Notes|
|January 2, 1996^||#1 Nebraska||62||#2 Florida||24||Notes|
|January 1, 1997||#7 Penn State||38||#20 Texas||15||Notes|
|December 31, 1997||#10 Kansas State||35||#14 Syracuse||18||Notes|
|January 4, 1999*||#1 Tennessee||23||#2 Florida State||16||Notes|
|January 2, 2000||#3 Nebraska||31||#6 Tennessee||21||Notes|
|January 1, 2001||#5 Oregon State||41||#10 Notre Dame||9||Notes|
|January 1, 2002||#2 Oregon||38||#3 Colorado||16||Notes|
|January 3, 2003*||#2 Ohio State||31||#1 Miami||24 (2 OT)||Notes|
|January 2, 2004||#7 Ohio State||35||#8 Kansas State||28||Notes|
|January 1, 2005||#5 Utah||35||#19 Pittsburgh||7||Notes|
|January 2, 2006||#4 Ohio State||34||#5 Notre Dame||20||Notes|
|January 1, 2007||#9 Boise State||43||#7 Oklahoma||42 (OT)||Notes|
|January 2, 2008||#11 West Virginia||48||#3 Oklahoma||28||Notes|
|January 5, 2009||#3 Texas||24||#10 Ohio State||21||Notes|
|January 4, 2010||#6 Boise State||17||#3 TCU||10||Notes|
|January 1, 2011||#9 Oklahoma||48||#25 Connecticut||20||Notes|
|January 2, 2012||#3 Oklahoma State||41||#4 Stanford||38 (OT)||Notes|
|January 3, 2013||#4 Oregon||35||#5 Kansas State||17||Notes|
|January 1, 2014||#15 UCF||52||#6 Baylor||42||Notes|
|December 31, 2014||#20 Boise State||38||#10 Arizona||30||Notes|
Italics denote a tie game.
In addition to the game, the annual Bank of Arizona Fiesta Bowl Parade takes place in downtown Phoenix, which includes marching bands from high schools as well as the two universities participating in the Fiesta Bowl and the two universities participating in the Cactus Bowl, along with floats, equestrian units, and a seven-member queen and court. It started back in 1973. Past Grand marshals include many celebrities from sports and entertainment.
In 2013, ESPN Deportes provided the first Spanish U.S. telecast of the Fiesta Bowl.
ESPN Radio is the current radio home for the Fiesta Bowl.
As of the 2010-11 season, the game along with the rest of the BCS, exclusively airs on ESPN. From 2007 through 2010, Fox telecast the game along with the other BCS games - the Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, and BCS National Championship Game from 2006 though 2009, while only the Rose Bowl and the 2010 BCS National Championship Game aired on ABC in that period. From 1999-2006, the game aired on ABC as part of the first BCS package, and from 1996-1998 the game aired on CBS as part of its bowl coverage. Prior to that, NBC aired the game for several years. This game, along with the Orange Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" broadcast television networks in the United States.
In June 2011 University of Arizona president Robert Shelton was hired to replace Junker. On February 22, 2012, former CEO John Junker pled guilty to a federal felony charge in the campaign financing matter, and two members of his former staff pled guilty to misdemeanor charges. Junker was to be sentenced soon after, facing up to 2.5 years in prison as the result of his plea, but as of January 2014 his sentencing has been repeatedly postponed in return for cooperation in other cases. In March 2014, Junker was sentenced to eight months in prison, with the sentence starting on June 13, 2014. On March 20, 2014, Junker was sentenced to three years of probation on state charges.
On March 29, 2011, the Fiesta Bowl Board of Directors released a 276-page "scathing internal report", commissioned by them to re-examine the accusations of illegal political activities. The commission determined that $46,539 of illegal campaign contributions were made and the board immediately fired Fiesta Bowl CEO John Junker, who had already been suspended pending the results of this investigation. The scandal threatened the Fiesta Bowl's status as a BCS game, as the BCS said it might replace the bowl in its lineup if officials could not convince them it should remain. The BCS ultimately chose not to expel the Fiesta Bowl, instead fining the organization $1 million.
The following year, in a November 2010 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Fiesta Bowl officials, including bowl CEO John Junker, spent $4 million since 2000 to curry favor from BCS bigwigs and elected officials, including a 2008 "Fiesta Frolic", a golf-centered gathering of athletic directors and head coaches. The journal also reported that Junker's annual salary was close to $600,000 and that the bowl, in 2007 turned an $11.6 million profit. While these alleged activities are not illegal, they did result in considerable damage to the reputation of the Fiesta Bowl.
 The Fiesta Bowl commissioned an "independent review" which found "no credible evidence that the bowl's management engaged in any type of illegal or unethical conduct."