Traun in 1907
|Full name||Friedrich Adolf Traun|
29 March 1876|
11 July 1908
Traun was born the son of a wealthy family from Hamburg in 1876. His father Heinrich Traun (1838–1909) owned a natural rubber manufacturing company and later became senator at Hamburg from 1901 to 1908. In 1885, Fritz began studying chemistry at Dresden University of Technology. In autumn of the same year, he participated in a track and field competition between athletes from Berlin and Hamburg and won the race over a distance of half a mile.
In 1896 Traun competed at the first modern Olympic Games in Athens. Traun placed third in his preliminary heat of the 800 metres and did not advance to the final. He also participated in the tennis tournament. In the singles competition, Traun was defeated in the first round by John Pius Boland of Great Britain and Ireland, the eventual gold medallist. This put Traun in a six-way tie for eighth place in the field of thirteen men. For the doubles tournament, Traun and Boland partnered. They defeated the Greek brothers Aristidis and Konstantinos Akratopoulos in the first round and had a bye for the semifinals. In the final, the pair defeated Dionysios Kasdaglis of Egypt and Demetrios Petrokokkinos of Greece to give Traun his own gold medal.
In 1899, Traun finished his studies with the degree of a 
As he did not fully recover from his illness, he mostly spent the following years at health spas in the German Tennis Championships at Hamburg, and its referee in 1907. In the same year, he met Friedel Preetorius (1884–1938), the daughter of the wealthy entrepreneur Wilhelm Preetorius from Mainz, during the Kiel Week. The following March, both married at Hamburg, and in their honeymoon they drove as far as Algiers in Friedrich's car. After their return, the couple lived at the exclusive Park Hôtel Teufelsbrücke at Hamburg.
On the morning of 11 July 1908, a young lady entered the hotel and claimed that she was also married to Traun and would even have children with him. After meeting with Traun, he shot himself in the bathroom of his apartment. Neither the lady's identity nor the validity of her claim is known today. However, it seems very likely that she told the truth and Traun, facing a major social scandal at that time, was left with no other choice but to kill himself. Friedrich's father Heinrich Traun adopted Friedel Preetorius who was already pregnant and gave birth to her daughter Lieselotte in February 1909. She later married Ludwig Strecker, owner of B. Schott's Söhne (today Schott Music), Friedrich Traun was buried in the family's grave at the Ohlsdorf Cemetery.
- Gillmeister, Heiner. "Ein vergessener Pionier". In Deutscher Tennis Bund. Tennis in Deutschland. Von den Anfängen bis 2002. [Tennis in Germany. From the beginnings to 2002.] (in German). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 36–38.
- "Friedrich Traun Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- "Wilhelm Preetorius". http://www.lagis-hessen.de (in German). Hessisches Landesamt für geschichtliche Landeskunde. 2010-03-11. Retrieved 20 December 2013.