Germanic languages

Germanic languages

pan>Langvokalische Perfekta' in indogermanischen Einzelsprachen und ihr grundsprachlicher Hintergrund", in Meiser, Gerhard; Olav Hackstein, Sprachkontakt und Sprachwandel. Akten der XI. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft, 17. – 23. September 2000, Halle an der Saale, Wiesbaden: Reichert, pp. 603f. 
  • ^ Campbell, Alistair (1959). Old English Grammar. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 169. 
  • ^  
  • ^ The spellings used are those based on the prestigious literary conventions described in the article Modern Scots. Others spelling variants may be encountered in written Scots, e.g. aipil (apple), buik (book), huik (hook), houss (house) and monie (many).
  • ^ The cognate means 'potato'. The correct word is 'Súrepli'.
  • ^ Brett is used in the South, Bord is used additionally in the North
  • ^ Attested meaning 'letter', but also means beech in other Germanic languages, cf. Russian buk 'beech', bukva 'letter', maybe from Gothic.
  • ^ Now only used in compound words such as hoofpyn (headache) and metaphorically, such as hoofstad (capital city).
  • ^ a b c d e f g h From an old Latin borrowing, akin to "cup".
  • ^ a b Archaic: now only used in compound words such as 'heimwee' (homesickness).
  • ^ a b c d e From a compound phrase akin to "to house"
  • ^ ongel is also used for fishing hook.
  • ^ Dialectally tvo / två / tvei (m) / tvæ (f) / tvau (n).
  • ^ a b c The cognate orm usually means 'snake'.