|Preceded by||Pacific Coast Hindustan Association|
|Colours||Red, Saffron and Green|
The Ghadar Party was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians, in the United States and Canada with the aim to gaining India's independence from British rule. Key members included lala Har Dayal, Sohan Singh Bhakna, Kartar Singh Sarabha, and Rashbehari Bose.
After the outbreak of
- A Gallery on Gadar Party
- Ghadar Party materials in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)
- Ghadar: The Indian Immigrant Outrage Against Canadian Injustices 1900 - 1918 by Sukhdeep Bhoi
- The Hindustan Ghadar Collection. The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
- Communist Ghadar Party of India
- Ramnath, Maia (2011). Haj to Utopia: How the Ghadar Movement Charted Global Radicalism and Attempted to Overthrow the British Empire. University of California Press.
- Strachan, Hew (2001), The First World War. Volume I: To Arms, Oxford University Press. USA, .
- "Ghadr (Sikh political organization)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
- Strachan 2001, p. 795
- "There were not many Scheduled Caste persons in the Ghadar movement, however; Mangoo Ram recalls only one other Chamar besides himself.".
A character in the World War II thriller The Tenth Unknown by author Jvalant Nalin Sampat is a member of the Ghadar Party and is involved in the Ghadar Mutiny.
In popular media
- Sohan Singh Bhakna (President)
- Kesar Singh (Vice President)
- Lala Hardyal (General Secretary & Editor, Urdu Gadar)
- Kartar Singh Sarabha (Editor, Punjabi Gadar)
- Baba Jawala Singh (Vice President)
- Sant Baba Wasakha Singh Dadehar
- Balwant Singh (Ghadarite)
- Pt. Kanshi Ram (Treasurer)
- Harnam Singh Tundilat
- G. D. Verma
- Lala Thaker Das (Dhuri) (Vice Secretary)
- Munshi Ram (Organizing Secretary)
- Bhai Parmanand
- Nidhan Singh Chugha
- Santokh Singh (Ghadarite)
- Master Udham Singh
- Baba Harnam Singh (Kari Sari)
- Mangu Ram Mugowalia
- Karim Bakhsh
- Amar Chand
- Rehmat Ali (Ghadarite)
- V. G. Pingle
- Sant Baba Wasakha Singh
- Maulavi Barkatullah
- Harnam Singh Saini
- Tarak Nath Das
- Pandurang Sadashiv Khankhoje
- Ganda Singh Phangureh
- Bhai Randhir Singh
- Karim Bux
The Ghadar party commanded a loyal following the province of Punjab, but many of its most prominent activists were forced into exile to Canada and the United States. It ceased to play an active role in Indian politics after 1919. The party had active members in other countries such as Mexico, Japan, China, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Malaya, Indo-China and Eastern and Southern Africa.
In 1917 some of their leaders were arrested and put on trial in the Hindu German Conspiracy Trial in which their paper was quoted.
Ghadar activists undertook what the British described as political terrorism. Ghadar activists were responsible for bombs planted on government property.
The party rose to prominence in the second decade of the 20th century, and grew in strength owing to Indian discontent over World War I and the lack of political reforms.
- No pundits or mullahs do we need
Following the voyage of the German government. They had a very militant tone, as illustrated by this quote from Harnam Singh:
The party was built around the weekly paper The Ghadar, which carried the caption on the masthead: Angrezi Raj Ka Dushman (an enemy of the British rule). "Wanted brave soldiers", the Ghadar declared, "to stir up rebellion in India. Pay-death; Price-martyrdom; Pension-liberty; Field of battle-India". The ideology of the party was strongly secular. In the words of Sohan Singh Bhakna, who later became a major peasant leader of the Punjab: "We were not Sikhs or Punjabis. Our religion was patriotism". The first issue of The Ghadar, was published from San Francisco on November 1, 1913.
The Ghadar Newspaper
The Ghadar Party, initially the Pacific Coast Hindustan Association, was formed in 1913 in the United States under the leadership of Har Dayal,Sant Baba Wasakha Singh Dadehar, Baba Jawala Singh, Santokh Singh and Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president. The members of the party were Indian immigrants, largely from Punjab. Many of its members were students at University of California at Berkeley including Dayal, Tarak Nath Das, Maulavi Barkatullah,Harnam Singh Tundilat, Kartar Singh Sarabha and V.G. Pingle. The party quickly gained support from Indian expatriates, especially in the United States, Canada, East Africa and Asia.
RasBihari Bose on request from Vishnu Ganesh Pingle, an American trained Ghadr, who met Bose at Benares and requested him to take up the leadership of the coming revolution. But before accepting the responsibility, he sent Sachin Sanyal to the Punjab to assess the situation. Sachin returned very optimistic., in the United States and Canada with the aim to liberate India from British rule. The movement began with a group of immigrants known as the Hindustani Workers of the Pacific Coast.
 The economic downturn in India during the early twentieth century witnessed a high level of emigration. Some of these emigrants settled in North America. These included Punjabis as well as people from other parts of India. The
Ghadar is an
- Etymology 1
- Background 2
- The Ghadar Newspaper 3
- Founder members 4
- In popular media 5
- See also 6
- References 7
- Further reading 8
- External links 9