Gordon House (Silverton, Oregon)
Front of Gordon House
|Location||869 W. Main St., Silverton, Oregon|
|Architect||Wright, Frank Lloyd; Goodrich, Burton G.|
|Architectural style||Modern Movement, Usonian|
|NRHP Reference #||04001066|
|Added to NRHP||September 22, 2004|
The Gordon House is a residence designed by influential architect Frank Lloyd Wright, now located within the Oregon Garden, in Silverton, Oregon. It is an example of Wright's Usonian vision for America. It is one of the last of the Usonian series designed for American working-class consumers, which—in 1939—was considered $5,000–6,000 per year. The house is based on a design for a modern home commissioned by Life magazine in 1938.
The house was designed in 1957 for Evelyn and Conrad Gordon, and finished in 1963 (four years after Frank Lloyd Wright's death). It was originally located adjacent to the Willamette River, near Wilsonville, Oregon. When its 2001 owners intended to destroy it, the Frank Lloyd Wright Conservancy obtained a three-month reprieve to dismantle it, and move it to the Oregon Garden, about 21 miles (34 km) southeast of its original location. Dismantling began on March 9, 2001. The upper floor, containing two bedrooms and one bath, was moved as a single unit. Overall neglect required refurbishing of the structure's siding and roofing which was arranged by grants from the Architectural Foundation of Oregon and the Oregon Cultural Trust. A new foundation replicating the original was constructed. The house opened one year later as the only publicly accessible Frank Lloyd Wright home in the Pacific Northwest.
With 2,133 ft² (203 m²) of floor space, the house boasts twelve-foot (366 cm) floor-to-ceiling windows and glass French doors in the living room and Wright's classic horizontal designs and features connecting interior and exterior space. The second story features two bedrooms, each with its own private balcony. Designed based on a seven foot square grid, the house is visually anchored to a single mass of windowless concrete block forming the walls of the small basement and kitchen and extending beyond the roofline, obscuring various vents and the large skylight to the kitchen ("workspace") below. The house is constructed of cedar and painted cinder block and continues Wright's tradition of custom patterned wood cutout window lattice known as fretwork.
The Gordon House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 22, 2004. It is cared for by the Gordon House Conservancy and available for small catered gatherings. When not reserved, the house is available for public tours as a historic house museum.
Main entrance near carport is door at right; the left service door enters between kitchen and laundry
Gordon House living room exterior features 12 foot floor-to-ceiling windows; the steps and foundation replicate the original
Overview shows chimney concealed for enhanced horizontal lines
Fretwork of Gordon House
Living room configured for a small event
- Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy
- List of Frank Lloyd Wright works
- List of Registered Historic Places in Marion County, Oregon
- The living room is at left and bedrooms are upstairs at right and kitchen below them.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.
- Bart King. "An Architectural Guidebook to Portland—Bonus Buildings!". Retrieved 2007-12-21.
- North Shore Productions, Portland, Oregon (March 21, 2002). "Moving Usonia: The only Frank Lloyd Wright house in Oregon has to be destroyed in order to be saved" (QuickTime (.mov) 240x151px).
- "The Gorden House by Frank Lloyd Wright". Retrieved 2007-12-21.
- Elsa Coleman, Molly Murphy (June 7, 2006). "Welcome to the Fretwork Network E-Newsletter!". Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
- Gordon House Conservancy