Grand Synagogue of Paris
Façade of the Grand synagogue, rue de la Victoire
Basic information
Location 44, Rue de la Victoire, in the 9th arrondissement of Paris
Geographic coordinates
Affiliation Orthodox Judaism
Year consecrated 1874
Architectural description
Architect(s) Alfred-Philibert Aldrophe
Architectural type Synagogue
Groundbreaking 1867
Completed 1874

The Grand Synagogue of Paris generally known as Synagogue de la Victoire or Grande Synagogue de la Victoire is situated at 44, Rue de la Victoire, in the 9th arrondissement.

History

The architect was Alfred-Philibert Aldrophe (1834-1895) who also built the Versailles Synagogue and that of Enghien-les-Bains. Building commenced in 1867 and the Synagogue was inaugurated in 1874, and opened to the general public in 1875, built in the classical style, but embellished with Byzantine frills.

The inscription in Hebrew at the entrance is a verse from Genesis 28,17 : "This is none other than the House of God, the very gateway to Heaven", the same as is found on the entrance to the Synagogue of Reims (fr) and that of the Bar-le-Duc.

The interior has a number of religious inscriptions above the doors. In the choir pulpit is written in French the names of the prophets. Above the Torah Ark is engraved with the words "ה 'ניסי" ("The Lord-is-my-banner" Ex 17:15)

It also includes a series of 12 stained glass windows symbolising the Tribes of Israel.

The choir is separated from the assembly by a balustrade and the Bimah.

Every year, the Sunday before Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year), there takes place a ceremony in remembrance of the Martyrs of the Deportation, which is televised on France 2.

Miscellaneous

On the April 21, 1890, Alfred Dreyfus married Lucie Hadamard. The ceremony was officiated by the Chief Rabbi of France, Zadoc Kahn, a future 'Dreyfusard' who advocated for Dreyfus' freedom.

References

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website