Gruyère (district)

Gruyère (district)

Gruyère District
District de la Gruyère
District

Coat of arms
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Freiburg
Capital Bulle
Area
 • Total 489.4 km2 (189.0 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Total 49,022
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 27
Website Gruyère

Gruyère District is a district of the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. It has a population of 49,022 (as of 31 December 2011). Its capital is Bulle.

Municipalities

Coat of arms Name Population
(31 December 2011)[1]
Area (km²)
Bas-Intyamon 1,190 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Botterens-Villarbeney 504 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Broc 2,442 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Bulle 20,177 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Cerniat 348 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Charmey 1,947 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Châtel-sur-Montsalvens 248 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Corbières 757 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Crésuz 301 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Echarlens 767 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Grandvillard 778 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Gruyères 2,027 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Hauteville 561 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Haut-Intyamon 1,424 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Jaun 667 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
La Roche 1,449 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Le Pâquier 1,109 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Marsens 1,696 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Morlon 588 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Pont-en-Ogoz 1,665 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Pont-la-Ville 583 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Riaz 2,201 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Sâles 1,440 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Sorens 1,006 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Vaulruz 994 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Vuadens 2,153 [" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]
Total 49,022 489.4

Mergers and name changes

  • On 26 January 1970 the former municipalities of Pont-en-Ogoz and Villars-d'Avry merged to form the new municipality of Le Bry.
  • On 1 January 2001 the former municipalities of Maules, Rueyres-Treyfayes, Romanens and Sâles (Gruyère) merged to form the new municipality of Sâles. The former municipality of Vuippens merged into Marsens
  • On 1 January 2002 the former municipalities of Albeuve, Montbovon, Neirivue and Lessoc merged to form the new municipality of Haut-Intyamon.
  • On 1 January 2003 the former municipalities of Avry-devant-Pont, Gumefens and Le Bry merged to form the new municipality of Pont-en-Ogoz.
  • On 1 January 2004 the former municipalities of Villars-sous-Mont, Estavannens and Enney merged to form the new municipality of Bas-Intyamon.
  • On 1 January 2006 the former municipality of Villarbeney merged into Botterens, the municipality of Bulle and La Tour-de-Trême merged into the municipality of Bulle.
  • On 1 January 2011 the former municipality of Villarvolard merged into Corbières.[2]

Coat of arms

The blazon of the district coat of arms is Gules, a Crane rising Argent.[3]

Demographics

Gruyère has a population (as of December 2011) of 49,022.[1] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (33,578 or 88.2%) as their first language, German is the second most common (1,929 or 5.1%) and Portuguese is the third (939 or 2.5%). There are 247 people who speak Italian and 11 people who speak Romansh.[4]

As of 2008, the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. The population was made up of 17,510 Swiss men (38.5% of the population) and 5,010 (11.0%) non-Swiss men. There were 18,688 Swiss women (41.1%) and 4,294 (9.4%) non-Swiss women.[5] Of the population in the district, 12,654 or about 33.2% were born in Gruyère and lived there in 2000. There were 13,900 or 36.5% who were born in the same canton, while 4,300 or 11.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 5,784 or 15.2% were born outside of Switzerland.[4]

As of 2000, there were 16,301 people who were single and never married in the district. There were 17,680 married individuals, 2,347 widows or widowers and 1,742 individuals who are divorced.[4]

There were 4,549 households that consist of only one person and 1,272 households with five or more people.

The historical population is given in the following chart:[6] Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.8)

ImageSize = width:960 height:210 PlotArea = height:150 left:100 bottom:50 right:100 AlignBars = justify DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:48000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:8000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:1600 start:0 PlotData=

 color:yellowgreen width:40   mark:(line,white) align:center
 bar:1850 from:start till:17162 text:"17,162"
 bar:1860 from:start till:18200 text:"18,200"
 bar:1870 from:start till:19288 text:"19,288"
 bar:1880 from:start till:20415 text:"20,415"
 bar:1888 from:start till:21342 text:"21,342"
 bar:1900 from:start till:23111 text:"23,111"
 bar:1910 from:start till:25279 text:"25,279"
 bar:1920 from:start till:27372 text:"27,372"
 bar:1930 from:start till:25530 text:"25,530"
 bar:1941 from:start till:26107 text:"26,107"
 bar:1950 from:start till:26611 text:"26,611"
 bar:1960 from:start till:26061 text:"26,061"
 bar:1970 from:start till:28017 text:"28,017"
 bar:1980 from:start till:27905 text:"27,905"
 bar:1990 from:start till:33080 text:"33,080"
 bar:2000 from:start till:38070 text:"38,070"
 bar:2010 from:start till:46415 text:"46,415"

Politics

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 27.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (22.0%), the CVP (20.3%) and the FDP (15.6%).[7]

The SPS improved their position in Gruyère rising to first, from second in 2007 (with 22.5%) The SVP moved from third in 2007 (with 22.0%) to second in 2011, the CVP moved from first in 2007 (with 28.9%) to third and the FDP retained about the same popularity (16.5% in 2007). A total of 14,036 votes were cast in this election, of which 277 or 2.0% were invalid.[8]

Religion

From the 2000 census, 30,742 or 80.8% were Roman Catholic, while 2,044 or 5.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 151 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.40% of the population), there were 22 individuals (or about 0.06% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 592 individuals (or about 1.56% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 14 individuals (or about 0.04% of the population) who were Jewish, and 1,223 (or about 3.21% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 92 individuals who were Buddhist, 21 individuals who were Hindu and 29 individuals who belonged to another church. 1,892 (or about 4.97% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 1,527 individuals (or about 4.01% of the population) did not answer the question.[4]

Education

In Gruyère about 11,416 or (30.0%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 3,608 or (9.5%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 3,608 who completed tertiary schooling, 59.7% were Swiss men, 25.0% were Swiss women, 9.2% were non-Swiss men and 6.1% were non-Swiss women.[4]

The Canton of Fribourg school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school. The upper Secondary school is divided into gymnasium (university preparatory) and vocational programs. After they finish the upper Secondary program, students may choose to attend a Tertiary school or continue their apprenticeship.[9]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were a total of 9,029 students attending 485 classes in Gruyère. A total of 8,273 students from the district attended any school, either in the district or outside of it. There were 40 kindergarten classes with a total of 706 students in the district. The district had 171 primary classes and 3,429 students. During the same year, there were 90 lower secondary classes with a total of 1,739 students. There were 81 vocational upper Secondary classes and were 52 upper Secondary classes, with 978 upper Secondary students and 1,169 vocational upper Secondary students The district had 23 specialized Tertiary classes and there were 28 non-university Tertiary classes, with 838 non-university Tertiary students and 170 specialized Tertiary students.[5]

See also

References

Coordinates: 46°36′27″N 7°06′26″E / 46.60750°N 7.10722°E / 46.60750; 7.10722