Gruyère (district)
Gruyère District District de la Gruyère  

District  
 
Country  Switzerland  
Canton  Freiburg  
Capital  Bulle  
Area  
• Total  489.4 km^{2} (189.0 sq mi)  
Population (31 December 2011)  
• Total  49,022  
• Density  100/km^{2} (260/sq mi)  
Time zone  CET (UTC+1)  
• Summer (DST)  CEST (UTC+2)  
Municipalities  27  
Website  Gruyère 
Gruyère District is a district of the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. It has a population of 49,022 (as of 31 December 2011). Its capital is Bulle.
Contents
Municipalities
Coat of arms  Name  Population (31 December 2011)^{[1]} 
Area (km²) 

BasIntyamon  1,190  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
BotterensVillarbeney  504  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Broc  2,442  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Bulle  20,177  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Cerniat  348  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Charmey  1,947  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
ChâtelsurMontsalvens  248  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Corbières  757  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Crésuz  301  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Echarlens  767  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Grandvillard  778  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Gruyères  2,027  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Hauteville  561  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
HautIntyamon  1,424  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Jaun  667  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
La Roche  1,449  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Le Pâquier  1,109  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Marsens  1,696  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Morlon  588  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
PontenOgoz  1,665  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
PontlaVille  583  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Riaz  2,201  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Sâles  1,440  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Sorens  1,006  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Vaulruz  994  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Vuadens  2,153  ^{[" must be a number">convert: invalid number]]]}  
Total  49,022  489.4 
Mergers and name changes
 On 26 January 1970 the former municipalities of PontenOgoz and Villarsd'Avry merged to form the new municipality of Le Bry.
 On 1 January 2001 the former municipalities of Maules, RueyresTreyfayes, Romanens and Sâles (Gruyère) merged to form the new municipality of Sâles. The former municipality of Vuippens merged into Marsens
 On 1 January 2002 the former municipalities of Albeuve, Montbovon, Neirivue and Lessoc merged to form the new municipality of HautIntyamon.
 On 1 January 2003 the former municipalities of AvrydevantPont, Gumefens and Le Bry merged to form the new municipality of PontenOgoz.
 On 1 January 2004 the former municipalities of VillarssousMont, Estavannens and Enney merged to form the new municipality of BasIntyamon.
 On 1 January 2006 the former municipality of Villarbeney merged into Botterens, the municipality of Bulle and La TourdeTrême merged into the municipality of Bulle.
 On 1 January 2011 the former municipality of Villarvolard merged into Corbières.^{[2]}
Coat of arms
The blazon of the district coat of arms is Gules, a Crane rising Argent.^{[3]}
Demographics
Gruyère has a population (as of December 2011^{[update]}) of 49,022.^{[1]} Most of the population (as of 2000^{[update]}) speaks French (33,578 or 88.2%) as their first language, German is the second most common (1,929 or 5.1%) and Portuguese is the third (939 or 2.5%). There are 247 people who speak Italian and 11 people who speak Romansh.^{[4]}
As of 2008^{[update]}, the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. The population was made up of 17,510 Swiss men (38.5% of the population) and 5,010 (11.0%) nonSwiss men. There were 18,688 Swiss women (41.1%) and 4,294 (9.4%) nonSwiss women.^{[5]} Of the population in the district, 12,654 or about 33.2% were born in Gruyère and lived there in 2000. There were 13,900 or 36.5% who were born in the same canton, while 4,300 or 11.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 5,784 or 15.2% were born outside of Switzerland.^{[4]}
As of 2000^{[update]}, there were 16,301 people who were single and never married in the district. There were 17,680 married individuals, 2,347 widows or widowers and 1,742 individuals who are divorced.^{[4]}
There were 4,549 households that consist of only one person and 1,272 households with five or more people.
The historical population is given in the following chart:^{[6]}
id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9) id:darkgrey value:gray(0.8)
ImageSize = width:960 height:210 PlotArea = height:150 left:100 bottom:50 right:100 AlignBars = justify DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:48000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:8000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:1600 start:0 PlotData=
color:yellowgreen width:40 mark:(line,white) align:center bar:1850 from:start till:17162 text:"17,162" bar:1860 from:start till:18200 text:"18,200" bar:1870 from:start till:19288 text:"19,288" bar:1880 from:start till:20415 text:"20,415" bar:1888 from:start till:21342 text:"21,342" bar:1900 from:start till:23111 text:"23,111" bar:1910 from:start till:25279 text:"25,279" bar:1920 from:start till:27372 text:"27,372" bar:1930 from:start till:25530 text:"25,530" bar:1941 from:start till:26107 text:"26,107" bar:1950 from:start till:26611 text:"26,611" bar:1960 from:start till:26061 text:"26,061" bar:1970 from:start till:28017 text:"28,017" bar:1980 from:start till:27905 text:"27,905" bar:1990 from:start till:33080 text:"33,080" bar:2000 from:start till:38070 text:"38,070" bar:2010 from:start till:46415 text:"46,415"
Politics
In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 27.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (22.0%), the CVP (20.3%) and the FDP (15.6%).^{[7]}
The SPS improved their position in Gruyère rising to first, from second in 2007 (with 22.5%) The SVP moved from third in 2007 (with 22.0%) to second in 2011, the CVP moved from first in 2007 (with 28.9%) to third and the FDP retained about the same popularity (16.5% in 2007). A total of 14,036 votes were cast in this election, of which 277 or 2.0% were invalid.^{[8]}
Religion
From the 2000 census^{[update]}, 30,742 or 80.8% were Roman Catholic, while 2,044 or 5.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 151 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.40% of the population), there were 22 individuals (or about 0.06% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 592 individuals (or about 1.56% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 14 individuals (or about 0.04% of the population) who were Jewish, and 1,223 (or about 3.21% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 92 individuals who were Buddhist, 21 individuals who were Hindu and 29 individuals who belonged to another church. 1,892 (or about 4.97% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 1,527 individuals (or about 4.01% of the population) did not answer the question.^{[4]}
Education
In Gruyère about 11,416 or (30.0%) of the population have completed nonmandatory upper secondary education, and 3,608 or (9.5%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 3,608 who completed tertiary schooling, 59.7% were Swiss men, 25.0% were Swiss women, 9.2% were nonSwiss men and 6.1% were nonSwiss women.^{[4]}
The Canton of Fribourg school system provides one year of nonobligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school. The upper Secondary school is divided into gymnasium (university preparatory) and vocational programs. After they finish the upper Secondary program, students may choose to attend a Tertiary school or continue their apprenticeship.^{[9]}
During the 201011 school year, there were a total of 9,029 students attending 485 classes in Gruyère. A total of 8,273 students from the district attended any school, either in the district or outside of it. There were 40 kindergarten classes with a total of 706 students in the district. The district had 171 primary classes and 3,429 students. During the same year, there were 90 lower secondary classes with a total of 1,739 students. There were 81 vocational upper Secondary classes and were 52 upper Secondary classes, with 978 upper Secondary students and 1,169 vocational upper Secondary students The district had 23 specialized Tertiary classes and there were 28 nonuniversity Tertiary classes, with 838 nonuniversity Tertiary students and 170 specialized Tertiary students.^{[5]}
See also
References
