Haqq-Muhammad-Ali

Haqq-Muhammad-Ali refers to a ‘trinity’ in Alevism that involves Haqq (‘Divine Truth’ referring to Allah), Muhammad and Ali.

Haqq-Muhammad-Ali
Muhammad-Ali HAQQ
ALI MUHAMMAD
Right: Haqq (Allāh). Center: Prophet Muḥammad (Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib). Left: Alī ibn Abī Tālīb Markadī.



Part of a series on Nizari-Ismāʿīli Batiniyya, Hurufiyya, Kaysanites and Twelver Shī‘ism

Shīʿah Batin’iyya

ALEVISM

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Beliefs

Allah · Haqq-Muhammad-Ali · Quran
Prophet Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh
Muhammad-Ali  · Islamic prophet
Zahir  · Batin  · Buyruks  · Poetry
Shari’a · Tariqat · Haqiqa · Marifat
Wahdat al-wujud (Sufi metaphysics)
Baqaa · Fana · Haal · Ihsan · Kashf
Nafs · Al-Insān al-Kāmil · Four Doors
Lataif · Manzil · Nûr · Sulook · Yaqeen
Cosmology · Philosophy · Psychology

The Twelve Imams

Ali  · Hasan  · Husayn
al-Abidin  · al-Baqir  · al-Sadiq
al-Kadhim  · ar-Rida  · al-Taqi
al-Naqi  · al-Askari  · al-Mahdi

Practices

Zakat  · Zeyārat  · Taqiyya
Ashura  · Hıdırellez  · Nowruz
Mawlid  · Düşkünlük Meydanı
Fasting  · Müsahiplik  · Music

Leadership

Dedes · Murshid · Pir · Rehber
Babas · Dergah · Jem · Cemevi

Crucial figures and influences

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid  · Fatimah
Khidr  · Salman al-Farisī  · al-Qarni
Jābir ibn Hayyān  · al-Misrī  · Bastamī
Al-Hallaj  · al-Kharaqanī  · Hamadānī
Abdul-Qadir Gilanī  · Ahmed Yasavī
Ahmed ar-Rifa'ī  · Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar
Ibn ʿArabī  · Mevlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Rūmī
Ahi Evren  · Hajji Bektash  · al-Qunāwī
Sheikh Taj al-Dīn Gilanī  · Sarı Saltuk
Yunus Emre  · Safī Al-Dīn Ardabilī
Nāimī  · Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā  · Nasīmī
Ni'matullāh Walī (Nûr'ūd-Dīn Kermānī)
Sheikh Junāyd  · Sheikh Haydar
Sultân Ali Mirza Safavī  · Khatā'ī
Kaygusuz Abdal  · Balım Sultan
Otman Baba  · Gül Baba  · Demir Baba
Pir Sultan Abdal  · Fuzûlî  · Kul Nesîmî

Related Muslim Tariqah

Malāmat'īyyah · Qalāndār'īyyah
Qadir'īyyah · Akbar'īyya · Rifa'īyya
Uwaisī · Naqshband'īyyah Owais'īyyah
Mawlaw'īyya · Zahed'īyya · Safāv'īyya
Khalwat'īyyah · Bayram'īyyah · Jelvetī
Bābā'īyyah · Ḥurūf'īyya · Nuqṭaw'īyya
Alians · Bektashī folk religion · Çepnī
Bektash'īyyah · Jelāl'īyya · Ni'matullāhī
Harabat'īyyah · Nurbaksh'īyya · Galibī

Alevi history

Umayyads  · Abu Muslim al-Khorasani
Abbasids  · Bābak Khorram-Dīn
Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev II  · Baba Ishak
Bayezid Walī  · Persecution of Alevis
Şahkulu Rebellion  · Şahkulu Baba
Battle of Çaldıran  · Yavuz Selim
Abaza rebellion  · Kuyucu Murad Paşa
The Auspicious Event  · Mahmud II
Koçgiri Rebellion  · Dersim Rebellion
Seyid Riza  · Dersim Massacre
Maraş Massacre  · Çorum Massacre  · Sivas massacre

Other influential groups

Ismā'īlīya · Alavī Bohra · Nizārī Ismā'īlī
Nusayr'īyya · Durūzī · Khurrām'īyyah
Kizilbash · Bábísm · Bahá'ís · Yazdanī
Yâresân · Êzidî · Yazidī · Sabians
Sabians of Harran · Luvian mythology
Chinarism · Gnosticism · Nabataeans
Mazdaism · Mazdakism · Zurvanism
Zerdust · Mandaeism · Manicheism
Shaman · Tengriism · Panentheism

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SAFAVID INFLUENCES IN IRAN

Safavid Conversion of Iran from
Sunnism to Shiism

Shia in Persia before Safavids
Shiism in Persia after Safavids

Shi'a states in Persia before Safavids

Justanids  · Alavids  · Buyids
Hasanwayhids  · Kakuyids  · Alamut
Ilkhanids  · Jalayirids  · Chobanids
Injuids  · Sarbadars  · Kara Koyunlu

Shi'a states in Persia after Safavids

Afsharids  · Shakis  · Ganja
Karabakh  · Shirvan  · Zands
Qajar dynasty  · Pahlavi dynasty  · Iran

The concept of trinity in Alevism

Main articles: Alevism, Trinity and Gnosticism

In Alevi thought there are three creative principles, the latent breath or Allah, the prototypal human which is made up of active and passive principles or Muhammad and the divine light or Ali. In Christianity these three principles are called the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.[1] Likewise, in Alevi belief the Father is likened to Allah, the Son to Muhammad and the Holy Spirit to Ali. Similar trinitarian conceptions appear in Hinduism, with Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu, and in ancient Egypt they took the names Osiris, Isis and Horus,[2][3] among other examples (see Triple deity).

The Alevi doctrine

Main articles: Allah, Muhammad, Ali and Muhammad-Ali

Allah is divine consciousness which first creates and gives shape to the Kull-i Nafs, a latent passive energy existing within Godhead. Kull-i Nafs is actually the apparent power of God to give life form, almost like a womb in that it is a place of manifestation where the concealed potential within Allah can be known and made visible. Thus, the physical universe is a mirror image of Allah. Kull-i Nafs reflects the spirit or divine consciousness of Allah. Nafs is Arabic for breath and it is the breath that binds the spirit with Allah. Kull-i Nafs is also envisioned as the Universal Soul or Soul Body as it is the divine consciousness reflected through the breath of Allah which gives this soul its own life and forms the Universal Human, the prototypal human, made manifest in Muhammad. However, the prototypal human is not male or female, but is a perfect interplay between the two in much the same way as the Taoists envision the Taiji. Within this prototypal human active energies contain passive and passive contain active. The light or Nur which links the two together is represented by Ali.

See also

References