Harijan (Hindustani: हरिजन (Devanagari), ہریجن (Nastaleeq); translation: "Child of Hari/Vishnu") is a term popularized by Indian revolutionary leader Mahatma Gandhi for referring to Dalits, traditionally considered to be Untouchable. However the euphemism is now regarded as condescending by many,[1] with some Dalit activists calling it insulting.[2] As a result, the Government of India and several state governments forbid or discourage its use for official purposes.[3]

Though Gandhi popularized the term harijan, it was coined by the Gujarati poet-saint Narasimha Mehta.[4][5] According to other source the medieval devotional poet Gangasati used the term to refer to herself during the Bhakti movement, a period in India that gave greater status and voice to women while challenging the legitimacy of caste. Gangasati lived around the 12th-14th centuries and wrote in the Gujarati language.[6]

Harijans newspaper


  • Harijan: Mohandas Gandhi's publication 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Harijan: Mohandas Gandhi's publication

Gandhi started publishing a weekly journal of the same name on 11 February 1932 from Yerwada Jail during British rule.[7] He created three publications: Harijan in English (from 1933 to 1948), Harijan Bandu in Gujarati,[8] and Harijan Sevak in Hindi.[9] These newspapers found Gandhi concentrating on social and economic problems, much as his earlier English newspaper, Young India, had done from 1919 to 1932.[10]

See also


  1. ^ Jenkins, Laura Dudley (November 2003). "Another "People of India" Project: Colonial and National Anthropology". The Journal of Asian Studies (Association for Asian Studies) 62 (4): 1143–1170.  
  2. ^ "Use of word `Harijan' objected".  
  3. ^ "Government bans use of word Harijan".  
  4. ^ "'"Origin of name 'Harijan. mkgandhi.org. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  5. ^ B. N. Srivastava (1997). Manual Scavenging in India: A Disgrace to the Country. Concept Publishing Company. p. 15.  
  6. ^ "The Sacred and Profane in the Bhakti Religious Tradition." Women Writing in India, vol 1. Tharu & Lalita, eds. Feminist Press at CUNY, 1993.
  7. ^ Archives of Harijan 11 February 1933
  8. ^ Harijan Bandu
  9. ^ Harijan Sevak
  10. ^ Gandhi As A Journalist


External links

  • at the Gandhi Heritage PortalHarijan