High-speed rail by country

High-speed rail by country

This article provides a list of operating high-speed rail networks, listed by country. High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (125 mph) for updated track and 250 km/h (160 mph) or faster for new track.[1][2] The article also includes any planned expansion of existing high-speed rail networks in countries that already have one.

Route kilometers existing and under construction

The following table shows all high speed dedicated lines (speed of 200 km/h or over) in service and under construction, listed by country. Based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways),[3] it has been updated with other sources. Planned lines are not included.

Click on the country for further information on high-speed rail in that country.

Country Region In operation
(km)
Under construction
(km)
Total country
(km)
Electrification
Austria Austria Europe 93 0 93 15 kV 16,7 Hz
Belgium Belgium Europe 209 0 209 3 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz
China China[4] Asia 10,463 13,053 20,318 25 kV 50 Hz
France France Europe 2,036 757 2,793 25 kV 50 Hz (partially)
Germany Germany Europe 1,334 428 1,762 15 kV 16.7 Hz
Italy Italy[5][6] Europe 1,342 92 1,434 25 kV 50 Hz, 3 kV DC
Japan Japan Asia 2,664 782 3,446 25 kV 50/60 Hz
Netherlands Netherlands Europe 120 0 120 25 kV 50 Hz
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Asia 0 550 550 25 kV 50 Hz
South Korea South Korea Asia 412 302 714 25 kV 60 Hz
Spain Spain Europe 3,100 1,800 4,900 25 kV 50 Hz
Switzerland Switzerland Europe 35 72 107 15 kV 16.7 Hz
Turkey Turkey Europe and Asia 444 1,506 1,950 25 kV 50 Hz
Taiwan Taiwan Asia 345 0 345 25 kV 60 Hz
United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 113 0 113 25 kV 50 Hz

Under construction

Africa

Algeria

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Tlemcen - Akkid Abbas[7] 220 km/h 66 km March 2011 2015

Morocco

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Kenitra-Tangier high-speed rail line 320 km/h 200 km June 2010 December 2015

Asia

Main article: High-speed rail in Asia

China

China is building high-speed railway network spanning the eastern part of the country. China plans to finish construction of 13,000 km of high speed railway lines using the latest technology by the end of 2011, and 25,000 km by 2015. As of February 2011, 8,358 km is in service, about 17,000 km under construction, and more is planned. China is also suggesting an international high-speed railway network to Singapore, Central Asia and Europe.[8][9]

200+ km/h high-speed rail in planning:

Line Speed Length
Harbin–Jiamusi 250 km/h 345 km
Beijing–Zhangjiakou 250 km/h 174 km
Chengdu–Kunming 250 km/h 737 km
Baoji–Lanzhou 350 km/h 401 km
Beijing–Shenyang 350 km/h 708 km
Shijiazhuang–Jinan 350 km/h 319 km
Zhengzhou–Xuzhou 350 km/h 343 km
Hangzhou–Huangshan 350 km/h 265 km
Nanning–Pingxiang ?  ?
Lianyungang–Xuzhou[10] 350 183 km
Harbin–Mudanjiang 250 km/h 293 km
Zhangjiakou–Datong[11] ? ?
Shenzhen–Maoming[12] 250 km/h 372 km
Zhengzhou–Chongqing[13] 350 km/h ?
Xi'an–Wuhan[13] 350 km/h ?

200–250 km/h high-speed rail under construction:

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Longyan–Xiamen 200 km/h 171 km 2006-12-25 2011
Xiamen–Shenzhen[14] 250 km/h 502 km 2007-11-23 2011
Xiangtang–Putian 200 km/h 604 km 2007-11-23 September 2011
Wuhan–Yichang 200 km/h 293 km 2008-09-17 January 2012
Nanning–Guangzhou 200 km/h 577 km 2008-11-09 2013
Liuzhou–Nanning 250 km/h 226 km 2008-12-27 2012
Chongqing–Lichuan 200 km/h 264 km 2008-12-29 2012
Chengdu–Mianyang–Leshan 200 km/h 319 km 2008-12-30 December 2012
Suining–Chongqing Second Track 200 km/h 132 km 2009-01-18 2012
Maoming–Zhanjiang 200 km/h 103 km 2009-03-21 December 2011
Wuhan–Xiaogan, Huangshi, Xianning, Huanggang 200–250 km/h 160 km 2009-03-22 2011–2013
Dongguan–Huizhou 200 km/h 97 km 2009-05-08 October 2012
Guangzhou–Foshan–Zhaoqing 200 km/h 87 km 2009-09-29 2012
Hefei–Fuzhou 250 km/h 806 km 2009-12-22 2014
Ganzhou–Longyan 200 km/h 274 km 2009-12-29 2013
Zhengzhou–Jiaozuo 200 km/h 77 km 2009-12-29 2013
Zhengzhou–Kaifeng 200 km/h 50 km 2009-12-29 2013
Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport 200 km/h 49 km 2009-12-29 2013
Chengdu–Kunming New Line 200 km/h 737 km 2010-01-16 2014
Jinhua–Wenzhou Upgrade 200 km/h 188 km 2010-01-19 2013
Qingdao–Rongcheng 250 km/h 299 km 2010-03-17 September 2013
Shenyang–Dandong 250 km/h 208 km 2010-03-17 March 2014
Dandong–Dalian 200 km/h 159 km 2010-03-17 2013
Tianjin–Baoding 250 km/h 159 km 2010-03-21 2014
Chengsha–Zhuzhou–Xiangtan 200 km/h 96 km 2010-06-30 2014
Jilin–Hunchun 250 km/h 378 km 2010-06-30 2014
Chengdu–Pujiang[15] 200 km/h 99 km 2010-10-16 2013
Chongqing–Guiyang 250 km/h 345 km 2010-12-22 2015
Fuzhou–Pingtan 200 km/h 90 km 2010-12-25 2015
Nanping–Sanming–Longyan[16] 250 km/h 247 km 2010-12-25 2015
Chengdu–Guiyang 250 km/h 486 km 2010-12-26 2015
Lanzhou–Zhongchuan Airport 250 km/h 63 km 2010-12-27 2013
Chengdu–Lanzhou[17] 200 km/h 462 km 2011-02-26 2014
Zhangjiakou–Hohhot 250 km/h 286 km 2011-02-28 2015[18]
Hohhot-Ordos-Zhungeer 200 km/h 174 km Unknown 2015[18]
Chongqing-Changsha 250 km/h Unknown km 2011 2015[19]
Guangxi Coastal Railway 250 km/h 262 km 2011-04-26 2012[19]

300+ km/h high-speed rail under construction:

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Beijing-Guangzhou[20] 300 km/h 2,298 km 2012
Harbin–Dalian 350 km/h 904 km 2007-08-23 2011
Xi'an–Chengdu[21] 250–350 km/h 511 km 2010-11-10 2014
Guangzhou–Shenzhen[note 1] 350 km/h 140 km 2008-08-20 2012[22]
Guizhou–Guangzhou 350 km/h 858 km 2008-10-13 2014
Tianjin–Qinhuangdao 350 km/h 258 km 2008-11-08 2012
Nanjing–Anqing 350 km/h 257 km 2008-12-28 June 2012
Harbin–Qiqihar 350 km/h 286 km 2009-07-05 2012
Hangzhou–Changsha 350 km/h 927 km 2009-12-22 2014
Chengdu–Chongqing[23] 350 km/h 308 km 2010-03-22 2014
Lanzhou–Ürümqi[24] 350 km/h 1776 km 2009-11-04 December 2013
Xi'an–Baoji 350 km/h 148 km 2009-11-28 2012
Datong–Xi'an 250–350 km/h 859 km 2009-12-03 2014
Chongqing–Wanzhou 350 km/h 250 km 2010-12-22 2013

Hong Kong

Preparation works are on the way for the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong Section, which will include one station and a 26-km tunnel to connect the territory with the neighbouring high-speed railway network of mainland China. It will run entirely underground and is designed for a maximum speed of 200 km/h. Funding was approved by the territory's legislature in January 2010. It is expected to be open in 2016 by the earliest.

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong Section 200 km/h 26 km 2010 2016

Japan

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Hokkaido Shinkansen 360 km/h 148.9 km May 2005 April 2016. Note 360 km/h on the Tohoku Shinkansen line and 300 km/h on the Hokkaido Shinkansen line.
Hokuriku Shinkansen 260 km/h 228 km 2004 April 2015. The part called Nagano Shinkansen started from 1997.

South Korea

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Honam Line (KTX) 350 km/h 230.99 km 2009 First stage (Osong~Gwangju): 2015
Second stage (Gwangju~Mokpo): 2017
Suseo Line (KTX) 350 km/h 61.10 km 2011 2014
Connection to East Sea Southern Line (KTX) 350 km/h 7.235 km 2011 2014
Extension to Incheon International Airport
via Airport Railroad and Gyeongui Line (KTX)
350 km/h 2.9 km 2012 2013

Saudi Arabia

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Haramain High Speed Rail Project 320 km/h 449 km March 2009 November 2012
Hofuf – Riyadh[25] 200 km/h Unknown Unknown Mid 2012

Republic of China

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Taiwan High Speed Rail extension to Nangang Station Unknown km/h 3.27 km 2009 November 28 October 2012

Uzbekistan

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line average 170 km/h including stops using Talgo 250[26] 344 km 2011[27] 2011[28]

Europe

Austria

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Austrian Western Railway 250 km/h 312.2 km Unknown Unknown
Brenner Base Tunnel 250 km/h 56 km Summer 2006 21 December 2025
New Lower Inn Valley railway 250 km/h 40.236 km Unknown 2012
Koralm Railway 200 km/h 125 km 2001 2022

Bulgaria

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Svilengrad-Turkish Border[29] 200 km/h 19 km 2010 2012
Dimitrovgrad-Svilengrad[30] 200 km/h 70 km 2012 2013
Plovdiv-Burgas[31] 200 km/h 291 km 2010 2013
Sofia-Plovdiv[32] 200 km/h 156 km 2010 2015
Sofia-Radomir[33] 200 km/h 53 km 2014 2017
Sofia-Dragoman[34] 200 km/h 44 km 2014 2017
Vidin-Sofia[35] 200 km/h 222 km Unknown 2020

Denmark

Main article: High-speed rail in Denmark
Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Copenhagen-Ringsted[36] 200 km/h 60 km 2011 2018

France

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
LGV Rhin-Rhône 350 km/h 190 km 3 July 2006 11 December 2011[37]
LGV Est Phase 2[38] 350 km/h 106 km June 2010 2016
Lyon-Turin 300 km/h 72 km 2007 2020–2025

Germany

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway 300 km/h 123 km October 1996 2015
Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway 300 km/h 190 km 1996 2017

Greece

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Athens - Patras 200 km/h 207 km 1998 2018[39]
Athens - Thessaloniki 200 km/h 500 km 1996 2017[40]

75% of the Athens - Thessaloniki high speed line route is in operation, but with trains capable of 160 km/h. Possibly raised to 250 km/h later.

Italy

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Brenner Base Tunnel 250 km/h 56 km Summer 2006 21 December 2025
Milan-Brescia 300 km/h 92 km 2011 2015
Turin-Lyon 300 km/h 72 km 2011 2020–2025
Verona-Brenner[41] 250 km/h 276 km Unknown 2025
Genoa–Ventimiglia[42] 200 km/h 147 km Unknown 2015
GenoaMilan[43] 300 km/h 53 km 2011 Unknown

Norway

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Drammen - Tønsberg 200–250 km/h ≈63 km 1993 2012–2015

Portugal

Line[44] Speed Length Expected start of revenue services
Lisbon-Madrid high-speed rail line 350 km/h 640 km -
Lisbon-Porto high speed rail line 300 km/h 292 km 2017
Porto-Vigo high-speed rail line 250 km/h 125 km 2015

Spain

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Basque Y 250 km/h 175 km 2006 2013–2016
Mediterranean High Speed Corridor: AndalusiaMurciaValenciaCatalonia–French border[45] 250–350 km/h +1300 km 2016–2020–2030
Madrid–(CáceresMéridaBadajoz)–Lisbon[46] 350 km/h 640 km Unknown -
L.A.V. Levante 350 km/h 940 km Unknown 2010-2015
L.A.V. ValladolidBurgosVitoria-Gasteiz 350 km/h 208 km 2009 2015
L.A.V. Venta de Baños–LeónGijón 350 km/h Unknown km Unknown 2014
L.A.V. Olmedo–ZamoraGalicia 350 km/h 435 km Unknown 2015[47]
L.A.V. SevilleCádiz 250 km/h 157 km Unknown 2015
Eixo Atlántico de Alta Velocidade 250 km/h Unknown km Unknown 2014
Eje Ferroviario Transversal 250–350 km/h 503 km 2006 2013–2016
L.A.V. Madrid-Santander[48] Unknown km/h Unknown km Unknown -

Sweden

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Båstad-Ängelholm 200 km/h 10 km 1992 2015

Turkey

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Eskişehir - İstanbul 250 km/h 291.4 km 2008 2015
Ankara - Sivas 250 km/h 446 km February 2009 2015
Bursa - Bilecik 250 km/h 115 km 2012 2016
Ankara - İzmir 250 km/h 654 km 2012 2016

Notes

References

External links

  • World HSR lines may 2010 International Union of Railways
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