|Classification and external resources|
Hypersalivation (also called ptyalism or sialorrhea) is excessive production of saliva. It has also been defined as increased amount of saliva in the mouth, which may also be caused by decreased clearance of saliva.
- Excessive production 1.1
- Decreased clearance 1.2
- Treatment 2
- References 3
Conditions that can cause saliva overproduction include:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease, in such cases specifically called a water brash, and is characterized by a sour fluid or almost tasteless saliva in the mouth
- Excessive starch intake
- Liver disease
- Serotonin syndrome
- Mouth ulcers
- Oral infections
Medications that can cause overproduction of saliva include:
Toxins that can cause hypersalivation include:
Causes of decreased clearance of saliva include:
- Infections such as tonsillitis, retropharyngeal and peritonsillar abscesses, epiglottitis and mumps.
- Problems with the jaw, e.g., fracture or dislocation
- Radiation therapy
- Neurologic disorders such as myasthenia gravis, Parkinson's disease, multiple system atrophy, rabies, bulbar paralysis, bilateral facial nerve palsy, and hypoglossal nerve palsy.
Hypersalivation is optimally treated by treating or avoiding the underlying cause. Mouthwash and tooth brushing may have drying effects.
thefreedictionary.com > ptyalism Citing:
- Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. 2007
- Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. 2009
- Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary, 3 ed. 2007
thefreedictionary.com > sialorrhea Citing:
- The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Updated in 2009.
- Medscape > Hypersalivation By Erica Brownfield. Posted: 05/19/2004
- Clark], [edited by Parveen Kumar, Michael (2005). Kumar & Clark clinical medicine (6th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier Saunders. p. 266.
- thefreedictionary.com > water brash Citing: Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. 2007