International Swimming Federation
|Sport||Swimming, Diving, Synchronized swimming, Water polo, Open water swimming|
|President||Dr. Julio César Maglione|
FINA or Fédération Internationale de Natation (trans: International Swimming Federation) is the International Federation (IF) recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for administering international competition in Aquatics. It is one of several IFs which administer a given sport/discipline for the IOC and/or international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
FINA currently oversees competition in five aquatics sports: swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo and open water swimming. Beginning in 2013, high diving is an emerging discipline within FINA. FINA also oversees "Masters" competition (for adults) in its disciplines.
FINA was founded on July 19, 1908 in the Manchester Hotel in London, UK at the end of the 1908 Summer Olympics by the Belgian, British, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian and Swedish Swimming Federations.
Number of national federations by year:
- 1908: 8
- 1928: 38
- 1958: 75
- 1978: 106
- 1988: 109
- 2000: 174
- 2008: 197
- 2010: 202
At the January 2010 FINA Bureau meeting, Tonga became the 202nd national federation of FINA. Members are grouped by continent, and there are 5 continental associations of which they can choose to be a member:
- Africa (51): African Swimming Confederation (CANA)
- Americas (41): Swimming Union of the Americas (ASUA)
- Asia (43): Asian Amateur Swimming Federation (AASF)
- Europe (51): European Swimming League (LEN)
- Oceania (16): Oceania Swimming Association (OSA)
Note: The number following each continental name is the number of FINA members which fall into the given geographical area. It is not necessarily the number of members in the continental association.
The FINA membership meets every four years, usually coinciding with the World Championships. There are two types of normal or "ordinary" congress: General and Technical. FINA’s highest authority is the General Congress. Any technical issues concerning FINA’s five aquatic disciplines are decided by the Technical Congress. Each Congress has two voting members from each Member federation, plus the following non-voting members: the 22 members of the Bureau, the Honorary Life President, and all Honorary Members. The Technical Congress has the following additional non-voting members: all members from the respective Technical Committees. "Extraordinary" Congress are also called from time to time, to deal with a specific topic or area of concern (e.g., an Extraordinary Congress was held with the 2009 World Championships to review the Masters swimming rules; there was a General Congress at the 2009 Worlds). All Congress meetings are chaired by FINA's president.
Between Congress meetings of the entire membership, a smaller 22-member representative board, called the FINA Bureau, meets to act in a timely manner on items which cannot wait until the entire body can meet. It is the Bureau that elects the FINA Executive Officers.
Various committees and commission also help with the oversight of individual disciplines (e.g. the Technical Open Water Swimming Committee helps with open water), or topic-related issues (e.g. the FINA Doping Panel).
Each presidential term is four years, beginning and concluding with the year following the Summer Olympics (i.e., 2009-2013 is the current term).
|George Hearn||Great Britain||1908–1924|
|Harold Fern||Great Britain||1936–1948 (*)|
|Rene de Raeve||Belgium||1948–1952|
|Jan de Vries||Netherlands||1956–1960|
|William Berge Phillips||Australia||1964–1968|
|Javier Ostos Mora||Mexico||1968–1972|
|Dr. Harold Henning||United States||1972–1976|
|Javier Ostos Mora (2nd term)||Mexico||1976–1980|
|Robert Helmick||United States||1984–1988|
|Dr. Julio Maglione||Uruguay|| 2009–present |
(term is through 2013)
FINA organizes one championship involving each of the five disciplines it oversees (the "World Championships"), as well championships and circuits in each of the disciplines.
The biggest FINA event is the biennial World Championships, currently held every odd year. It features competitions in all five aquatic disciplines. Prior to 2000, the event was held every 4 years, in the even year between (Summer) Olympic Games.
- Swimming: World Swimming Championships (25m), (aka "Short Course Worlds"). Bi-annual event (in even years), swum in 25-meter length pool (Olympic and World Championships are in a 50m pool).
- Water Polo: Water Polo World Leagues (men's and women's).
- Diving: Diving World Series
- Open Water: World Open Water Swimming Championships (aka "Open Water Worlds"). Even years from 2000-2010.
- Synchronized Swimming: Synchro World Cup.
- Masters: World Masters Championships (aka "Masters Worlds"). Bi-annual, in even years. "Masters" competition is for adults (20 years old and up). This championships features all 5 disciplines.
In addition to the championships events listed above, FINA also organizes the following annual events, and sub-championships:
- World Cups: in swimming, water polo (men's, women's), diving, open water (10Ks) and synchro.
- Grand Prix: Annual race/competition series of multiple events in open water (races over 10-kilometers).
- Junior Worlds: A world-level championships restricted to a younger age population (typically under-18, though can vary by discipline/gender). Held in swimming, water polo, diving, and synchronized swimming. Open Water is to begin in 2012.
- World Men's Water Polo Development Trophy
- International Swimming Hall of Fame (ISHOF)
- FINA Athletes of the Year
- List of international sport federations
- www.fina.org FINA's website