|Mission duration||15 years|
|Launch mass||4,000 kilograms (8,800 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||21 August 2009, 22:09UTC|
|Launch site||Kourou ELA-3|
|Perigee||35,788 kilometres (22,238 mi)|
|Apogee||35,797 kilometres (22,243 mi)|
|Epoch||29 November 2014, 16:15:17 UTC|
JCSAT-RA, previously known as JCSAT-12, is a Japanese geostationary communications satellite, which is operated by JSAT Corporation. It was ordered to replace the JCSAT-11 satellite which was lost in a launch failure on a Proton-M/Briz-M rocket in 2007, and is currently used as an on-orbit spare satellite; a role in which it replaced the older JCSAT-R spacecraft, providing a reserve for if one of the company's other satellites fails. It is a 4,000-kilogram (8,800 lb) satellite, which was constructed by Lockheed Martin based on the A2100AX satellite bus, with the same configuration as JCSAT-10 and JCSAT-11. The contract to build JCSAT-12 was awarded on 6 September 2007, the day after JCSAT-11 failed to reach orbit.
It was launched, along with the Australian Optus D3 satellite, by Arianespace. An Ariane 5ECA rocket was used for the launch, which occurred from ELA-3 at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. The launch took place at 22:09 GMT on 21 August 2009, at the start of a 60 minute launch window.
JCSAT-12 separated from its carrier rocket into a geosynchronous transfer orbit, from which raise itself to geostationary orbit using a LEROS-1C apogee motor. It has a design life of fifteen years, and carries forty two transponders; twelve G/H band, and thirty J band (US IEEE C and Ku bands respectively).
- "JCSAT 12 Satellite details 2009-044A NORAD 35755". N2YO. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Krebs, Gunter. "JCSat 10, 11, 12 (JCSat 3A, RA)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Order of the Replacement Satellite of JCSAT-11 Backup Satellite Following Launch Failure". JSAT Corporation. 2007-09-06. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "Arianespace & JSAT Culminate Contract For JCSAT-12". Satnews Daily. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "Preparations continue with the JCSAT-12 and Optus D3 payloads for Ariane 5's next launch". Mission Update. Arianespace. 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2009-08-21.