Johannesburg Stock Exchange
Template:Use South African English
|Johannesburg Stock Exchange Limited|
|Location||Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Founded||8 November 1887|
|Key people||Nicky Newton-King (CEO)|
|No. of listings||472|
JSE Limited (previously the JSE Securities Exchange and the Johannesburg Stock Exchange) is the largest stock exchange in Africa. It is situated at the corner of Maude Street and Gwen Lane in Sandton, Johannesburg, South Africa. In 2003 the JSE had an estimated 472 listed companies and a market capitalisation of US$182.6 billion (€158 billion), as well as an average monthly traded value of US$6.399 billion(€5.5 billion). As of 31 December 2012, the market capitalisation of the JSE was at US$903 billion.
The JSE is planning to create a pan-African exchange by initially enabling investors to trade in shares from Ghana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia. Later it intends to expand this across the rest of Africa.
The Johannesburg Exchange & Chambers Company was established by a London businessman, Benjamin Minors Woollan and housed at the corner of Commissioner and Simmonds Streets. Out of this the JSE was born on 8 November 1887. By 1890 the trading hall became too small and had to be rebuilt but this too was outgrown. Trading then moved into the street. The Mining Commissioner closed off Simmonds Street between Market Square and Commissioner Street by means of chains.
In 1903, a new building was built for the JSE on Hollard Street. It was a storey building that took up an entire whole city block bounded by Fox and Main, Hollard and Sauer Streets.
After World War II, it became apparent that this building was again inadequate and in 1947 the decision was made to rebuild the stock exchange. It took 11 years before construction began and in February 1961 the second exchange at Hollard Street was officially opened. By 1963, the JSE became a member of the Federation International Bourses de Valeurs (FIBV).
In 1978, the JSE took up residence at 17 Diagonal Street near Kerk Street, Johannesburg. 1993 saw the JSE become an active member of the African Stock Exchanges Association. After 108 years, the open outcry system of trading was changed to an electronic system on 7 June 1996.
In September 2000, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange moved to its present location in Sandton, Gauteng and changed its official name to the JSE Securities Exchange.
About the JSE
The JSE provides a market where securities can be traded freely under a regulated procedure. It not only channels funds into the economy, but also provides investors with returns on investments in the form of dividends.
The exchange successfully fulfils its main function—the raising of primary capital—by rechannelling cash resources into productive economic activity, thus building the economy while enhancing job opportunities and wealth creation.
The exchange is directed by an honorary committee of 16 people, all with full voting rights. The elected stockbroking members, who cannot number less than eight or more than eleven, may appoint an executive president and five outside members to the committee. Policy decisions are made by the committee and carried out by a full-time executive committee headed by the executive president.
The JSE is governed by its members but through their use of JSE services and facilities, these members are also customers of the Exchange. Although there is only one stock exchange in South Africa, the Stock Exchanges Control Act (repealed by the Securities Services Act of 2004) does allow for the existence and operation of more than one exchange. Each year the JSE must apply to the Minister of Finance for an operating license which vests external control of the exchange in the FSB.
The JSE's fully automated (electronic trading) trading system is called JSE TradElect. TradElect is operated under licence from the London Stock Exchange. The system was modified to suit the JSE's specific needs. The JSE operates an order-driven, central order book trading system with opening, intra-day and closing auctions. TradElect provides for the hierarchical organization of the market into segments, sectors and securities.
The JSE TradElect system replaced the JSE SETS system in April 2007. The SETS system replaced the JSE JET system in May 2002.
In August 1997, the JSE launched the real-time Stock Exchange News Service (Sens) to enhance market transparency and investor confidence. Initially, it was optional for listed companies to use the service during its two-month trial period. From 15 October, augmented JSE listing requirements oblige companies to disseminate any corporate news or price-sensitive information on the service prior to using any other media outlet. Sens is carried by all the major wire services.
Since its inception over ten years ago, Strate Ltd has become the licensed Central Securities Depository (CSD) for the electronic settlement of financial instruments in South Africa. Strate's stated core purpose is to mitigate risk, bring efficiencies to South African financial markets and improve its profile as an investment destination.
Strate handles the settlement of a number of securities, including equities and bonds for the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE), as well as a range of derivative products such as warrants, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), retail notes and tracker funds. It has now added the settlement of money market securities to its portfolio of services. It provides services to issuers for their investors in terms of the Companies Act and Securities Services Act (SSA), 2004.
JSE's normal trading sessions are from 9:00am to 5:00pm on all weekdays except Saturdays, Sundays and holidays declared by the exchange in advance.
The Alternative Exchange is a stock exchange that was founded as a division of the JSE in order to accommodate small- and medium-sized high growth companies. Its website is accessible from the front page of the JSE's main website. The Alternative Exchange is known as AltX.
The bourse is operated by JSE Limited, a company that listed on its own main board in June 2006.
Fees and Taxes
- Securities Transfer Tax (STT) 0.25%. Applies to share purchases only, not share sales.
- Strate 0.005459% (excluding VAT) based on the value of the share transactions:
- Minimum R10.92 for trades with a value up to R200,000.
- Maximum R54.59 for trades with a value over R1 million.
- FSB Investor Protection Levy 0.0002% (excluding VAT) on all trades.
- Companies traded on the JSE
- Bond Exchange of South Africa
- The South African Futures Exchange
- Investment Analysts Society of Southern Africa
- Diamonds as an investment
- Gold as an investment
- List of stock exchanges
- List of African stock exchanges
- Official JSE Website
- JSE Alternative Exchange official website
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