KCNC2

KCNC2

Potassium voltage-gated channel, Shaw-related subfamily, member 2
Identifiers
KCNC2 Gene
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse

Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily C member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNC2 gene.[1][2][1] The protein encoded by this gene is a voltage-gated potassium channel subunit.[3]

Expression pattern

Kv3.1 and Kv3.2 channels are prominently expressed in neurons that fire at high frequency. Kv3.2 channels are prominently expressed in brain (fast-spiking GABAergic interneurons of the neocortex, hippocampus, and caudate nucleus; terminal fields of thalamocortical projections), and in retinal ganglion cells.[4][5][3]

Physiological role

Kv3.1/Kv3.2 conductance is necessary and kinetically optimized for high-frequency action potential generation.[5][6] Sometimes in heteromeric complexes with Kv3.1; important for the high-frequency firing of fast spiking GABAergic interneurons and retinal ganglion cells; and GABA release via regulation of action potential duration in presynaptic terminals.[3][4]

Pharmacological properties

Kv3.2 currents in heterologous systems are highly sensitive to external tetraethylammonium (TEA) or 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) (IC50 values are 0.1 mM for both of the drugs).[3][5] This can be useful in identifying native channels.[5]

Transcript variants

There are four transcript variants of Kv3.2 gene: Kv3.2a, Kv3.2b, Kv3.2c, Kv3.2d. Kv3.2 isoforms differ only in their C-terminal sequence.[7]

References

External links

  • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)