Keramat

Keramat

For the district in Sulawesi, Indonesia see Keramat, Sulawesi

In Islamic mystical philosophy and in Irfan, keramat (کرامت karāmat, also کرامات karāmāt = karaamaat) is the ability to perform supernatural wonders by Muslim saints. It is "thaumaturgic gift" akin to the miracles of prophets.

Sufis and Alevis believe that, whereas miracles can only be performed by prophets (Allah creates the miracle in support to His prophets) and are a testament to their prophethood, karamaat are extraordinary things performed by awliya, who are not prophets but are "Friends of Allah" i.e. Muslims who have reached a high rank of piety through proper knowledge of and practice of Islam, and, most important, through the constant zikr, that is, remembrance of Allah. Allah creates karamaat to support the waliyy.

Karamat only occurs by the will of Allah and the said wali is endowed with it as a gift by Allah. Karamat can not be used to distinguish a truthful saint from a false one. Many saints prefer not to highlight their Karamat to avoid fame.[1] One of the greatest karamat of a saint is the ability to act upon the inward and outward traditions of Muhammad. However, in the history of Islamic mysticism, there are various examples of Karamat by notable Muslim saints. Still many reported Karamat are lost because they have no isnad (chain of narration). The noble traditions, or hadith, on the other hand, do contain many reports of companions of Muhammad performing miraculous acts.


References

  1. ^ Sult̤ān Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. "Miracles (Definition of Karamat)". Sultan Bahoo: The Life and Teachings. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications.  
  • Reynold A. Nicholson, Chapter 5 "Saints and Miracles" of The Mystics of Islam. 2002. ISBN 0-941532-48-8 p. 88-104
  • Trimingham, J. Spencer. The Sufi Orders in Islam. Oxford University Press. 1971. ISBN 0-19-501662-9 p. 26-28

See also