Lin-4 microRNA precursor
|lin-4 microRNA precursor|
|Predicted secondary structure and sequence conservation of lin-4|
|RNA type||Gene; miRNA|
lin-4 is transcribed from autonomous miRNA promoters and is developmentally regulated, with lin-4 miRNA accumulation occurring at the L2 stage of post-embryonic development. Additional to this is the up-regulation of endogenous lin-4 primary transcripts upon appearance of the lin-4 mature form. lin-4 is found on chromosome II in C. elegans and is complementary to sequences in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of lin-14 mRNA, this complementary transcript containing seven binding sites along with the 9 nucleotide core element CUCAGGGAA. The lin-4:lin-14 duplex is seen to take up an unusual kinked structure, caused by induced changes in the groove dimension and base stacking due to the mismatched base pairs. This lin-4:lin-14 pair have been linked to the IGF-1 pathway in C. elegans with regards to their modification of development.
lin-4 acts to dictate the onset of larval stages of developmental events in C. elegans. lin-4 loss of function (lf) mutations see a resultant retardation of developmental fates, from their initially early to instead later larval stages. Consequences include heterochronic developmental patterns, with loss of structures such as the vulva and adult cuticle. lin-4 acts as a negative regulator of lin-14 and represses accumulation of the LIN-14 protein. It also targets lin-28 and reduces its protein expression through translational inhibition. The base pairing in place between lin-4 and the target In question is discontinuous, consisting of two short helices.
- MirBase entry for lin-4
Template:MiRNA precursor families
|This molecular or cell biology article is a stub. You can help World Heritage Encyclopedia by expanding it.|