|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Mol. mass||391.465 g/mol|
Linopirdine is a putative cognition-enhancing drug with a novel mechanism of action. Linopirdine blocks the KCNQ2\3 heteromer M current with an IC50 of 2.4nM disinhibiting acetylcholine release, and increasing hippocampal CA3-schaffer collateral mediated glutamate release onto CA1 pyramidal neurons. In a murine model linopirdine is able to nearly completely reverse the senescence-related decline in cortical c-FOS, an effect which is blocked by atropine and MK-801, suggesting Linopirdine can compensate for the age related decline in acetylcholine release. Linopirdine also blocks homomeric KCNQ1 and KCNQ4 voltage gated potassium channels which contribute to vascular tone with substantially less selectivity than KCNQ2/3.
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- Bryant, W. M.; Huhn, G. F.; Jensen, J. H.; Pierce, M. E.; Stammbach, C. (1993). "A Large Scale Preparation of the Cognitive Enhancer Linopirdine". Synthetic Communications 23 (11): 1617.